Moomin sweden

Moomin sweden DEFAULT

The Moomins are taking over Sweden this summer! Celebrating 75 years since the first Moomin book published and the #OURSEA campaign, Moomin will guest Örebro and Borås city and Kastellet at Vaxholm.

Moomin exhibition built into the historical fortress Kastellet

Fortress Kastellet is located on the island Vaxholm outside Stockholm and starting on Thursday, June 18th to the end of August visitors will get to experience several fun Moomin things. One of those things is a pop-up exhibition from the world’s first and only Moomin Museum located in Tampere, Finland. The exhibition is formed around the #OURSEA theme as Tove Jansson created her Moomin stories inspired by the beauty and power of the sea.

 

Besides the sea-themed exhibition, there will be an exclusive preview of three episodes of Moominvalley animated series in collaboration with SF, and different activities for all children such as a quiz walk, contests, and tips on what actions you can take as an individual to contribute to a cleaner sea.

Moomin-playroom-Kastellet-Sweden

 

The licensing and publishing agency Rights & Brands transformed also the bistro at Kastellet into a Moomin themed café and a Moomin shop.

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Moomins at Kastellet: Starting June 18th to the end of August. Please visit the Kastellet’s website for information about opening hours. Warmly welcome!

 

City take over in Örebro and Borås

This summer Moomin will also do a total city take over in Örebro and Borås starting at the beginning of July.

The event is to celebrate the Moomin 75 year anniversary and the cities will have special pop up shops for the occasion and a custom digital map showing all of the locations selling Moomin products!

Moomin Shop Sweden Borås
Moomin Shop Sweden Borås
Moomin Shop Sweden Borås

 

Meet and greet events with Moomintroll and Little My are organized in Örebro and Borås several times and there will also be an exclusive screening of the new Moominvalley series in collaboration with SF.

Photo: © Robin Fagerman

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#OURSEA fundraising boxes will be placed all around the towns together with information on the campaign, plus a bunch of tips on how to help save #OURSEA.

“We thought it was extra important to create family activities this summer as many can’t or prefer to not travel. As we were able to borrow some empty store locations, we can also make sure that there won’t be any crowding or that there are too many people at the same time in a small space. That way we are following all of the recommendations from Folkhälsomyndigheten”, Stina Storm, CEO of Örebro City says.

She also adds that this wouldn’t have been possible without the cooperation with Rights & Brands and Örebrokompaniet: “The strength in creating things together has probably never been stronger than now”, Stina concludes.

Moomin in Borås: Starting July 2nd to August 1st

Moomin in Örebro: Starting July 9th to July 31st.

 

2020 marks the 75-year anniversary of Tove Jansson publishing her first Moomin novel. To celebrate the anniversary Moomin Characters Ltd is launching the #OURSEA campaign in collaboration with the John Nurminen Foundation. The goal is to collect one million euros for John Nurminen Foundation’s work to save the Baltic Sea and its cultural heritage for future generations.

For every 10€ donated 40 kg of green-blue algae can be removed from the Baltic Sea. To take part in the campaign you can make a direct donation via www.oursea.fi, buy a campaign product, learn more about the sea, the challenges it faces, and solutions needed to help improve the situation, as well as influence your friends, family, colleagues, and politicians to take action.

Sours: https://www.moomin.com/en/blog/have-a-moominous-staycation-in-sweden-this-summer/

Moomins

Fictional characters created by Finnish author and illustrator Tove Jansson

"Moomin" redirects here. For other uses, see Moomin (disambiguation).

Moomin kuva.JPG

The Moomins, comic book cover by Tove Jansson


From left to right: Sniff, Snufkin, Moominpappa, Moominmamma, Moomintroll (Moomin), the Mymble's daughter, Groke, Snork Maiden and Hattifatteners

AuthorTove Jansson
Original titleMumintroll
Translator
  • To English: Elizabeth Portch, Thomas Warburton, Kingsley Hart, Ant O'Neill
IllustratorTove Jansson
CountryFinland
LanguageSwedish[1]
GenreChildren's fantasy
PublisherDrawn & Quarterly, Macmillan, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Schildts, Zangavar, Sort of Books
Media typePrint, digital
WebsiteOfficial website

The Moomins (Swedish: Mumintroll) are the central characters in a series of books and a comic strip by Swedish-speaking Finnish illustrator Tove Jansson, originally published in Swedish by Schildts[2] in Finland. They are a family of white, round fairy tale characters with large snouts that make them resemble the hippopotamus. However, despite this resemblance, the Moomin family are trolls. The family live in their house in Moominvalley, though in the past, their temporary residences have included a lighthouse and a theatre. They have had many adventures along with their various friends.

In all, nine books were released in the series, together with five picture books and a comic strip being released between 1945 and 1993.

The Moomins have since been the basis for numerous television series, films and even two theme parks: one called Moomin World in Naantali, Finland, and another Akebono Children's Forest Park in Hannō, Saitama, Japan.

Etymology[edit]

In a letter to Paul Ariste, an Estonian linguist, Jansson wrote in 1973 that she had created an artificial word which expresses something soft. She came up with an ad hoc Swedish word mumintrollet, because, in her opinion, the consonant sound of m in particular conveys a sensation of softness. As an artist, Jansson gave the Moomins a shape that also expresses softness, as opposed to flabbiness.[3]

Synopsis and characters[edit]

See also: List of Moomin characters

The Moomin stories concern several eccentric and oddly-shaped characters, some of whom are related to each other. The central family consists of Moominpappa, Moominmamma and Moomintroll.[4]

Other characters, such as Hemulens, Sniff, the Snork Maiden, Snufkin and Little My are accepted into or attach themselves to the family group from time to time, generally living separate lives in the surrounding Moominvalley, where the series is set. It is in this fictional valley, that the Moomin family decides to live at the end of The Moomins and the Great Flood.

Characters[edit]

  • Moomintroll, also referred to as "Moomin" in some of the English translations: The main protagonist, the little boy of the family, interested in and excited about everything he sees and finds, always trying to be good, but sometimes getting into trouble while doing so; he is very brave and always finds a way to make his friends happy.
  • Moominpappa: Orphaned in his younger years, he is a somewhat restless soul who left the orphanage to venture out into the world in his youth but has now settled down, determined to be a responsible father to his family.
  • Moominmamma: The calm mother, who takes care that Moominhouse is a safe place to be. She wants everyone to be happy, appreciates individuality, but settles things when someone is wronged. She always brings good food as well as whatever else may be necessary on a journey in her handbag.
  • Little My: A mischievous little girl, who lives in the Moomin house and has a brave, spunky personality. She likes adventure, but loves catastrophes, and often does mean things on purpose. She finds messiness and untidiness exciting and is very down to earth when others are not.
  • Sniff: A creature who lives in the Moomin house. He likes to take part in everything, but is afraid to do anything dangerous. Sniff appreciates all valuables and makes many plans to get rich, but does not succeed.
  • Snork Maiden: Moomin's friend. She is happy and energetic, but often suddenly changes her mind on things. She loves nice clothes and jewelry and is a little flirtatious. She thinks of herself as Moomin's girlfriend.
  • Snufkin: Moomin's best friend. The lonesome philosophical traveller, who likes to play the harmonica and wanders around the world with only a few things, so as not to make his life complicated. He always comes and goes as he pleases, is carefree and has many admirers in Moominvalley. He is also shown to be quite fearless and calm in even the most dire situations, which has proven to be a great help to Moomintroll and the others when in danger.
  • The younger Mymble, also referred to as "the Mymble's daughter": Little My's amiable and helpful big sister, and half-sister of Snufkin. She often has romantic daydreams about the love of her life, particularly policemen.
  • The Snork: Snorkmaiden's brother. He is an introvert by nature and is always inventing things. The residents of Moominvalley often ask Snork for help solving tricky problems and building machines. Snorks are like moomintrolls, but change colour according to their mood.
  • Too-Ticky: A wise woman, and good friend of the family. She has a boyish look, with a blue hat and a red-striped shirt. She dives straight into action to solve dilemmas in a practical way. Too-Ticky is the one of the people in Moominvalley, who does not hibernate, instead spending the winter in the cozy sauna building of the Moominhouse.
  • Stinky: A small furry creature that always plays jokes on the family in the house, where he sometimes lives. He likes pinching things, is proud of his reputation as a crook, but always gets found out. He is simple and only thinks of himself.

Biographical interpretation[edit]

Critics have interpreted various Moomin characters as being inspired by real people, especially members of the author's family, and Tove Jansson spoke in interviews about the backgrounds of, and possible models for, her characters.[5] The first two books about the Moomins were published in 1945 and 1946 respectively, and deal with natural disasters; they were influenced by the upheavals of war and Jansson's depression during the war years.[6]

Tove Jansson's life partner was the graphic artist Tuulikki Pietilä, whose personality inspired the character Too-Ticky in Moominland Midwinter.[5][7] Moomintroll and Little My have been seen as psychological self-portraits of the artist.[5][7] The Moomins, generally speaking, relate strongly to Jansson's own family – they were bohemian, lived close to nature and were very tolerant towards diversity.[5][7][8] Moominpappa and Moominmamma are often seen as portraits of Jansson's parents Viktor Jansson and Signe Hammarsten-Jansson.[5][7][8] Most of Jansson's characters are on the verge of melancholy, such as the always formal Hemulen, or the strange Hattifatteners, who travel in concerted, ominous groups. Jansson uses the differences between the characters' philosophies to provide a venue for her satirical impulses.[9]

List of books[edit]

The books in the series, in order, are:

  1. The Moomins and the Great Flood (Originally: Småtrollen och den stora översvämningen) – 1945.
  2. Comet in Moominland (Originally: Kometjakten/Kometen kommer) – 1946.
  3. Finn Family Moomintroll, Some editions: The Happy Moomins –(Originally: Trollkarlens hatt) – 1948.
  4. The Exploits of Moominpappa, Some editions: Moominpappa's Memoirs (Originally: Muminpappans bravader/Muminpappans memoarer) – 1950.
  5. Moominsummer Madness (Originally: Farlig midsommar) – 1954.
  6. Moominland Midwinter (Originally: Trollvinter) – 1957.
  7. Tales from Moominvalley (Originally: Det osynliga barnet) – 1962 (Short stories).
  8. Moominpappa at Sea (Originally: Pappan och havet) – 1965.
  9. Moominvalley in November (Originally: Sent i november) – 1970 (In which the Moomin family is absent).

All of the books in the main series except The Moomins and the Great Flood (Originally: Småtrollen och den stora översvämningen) were translated and published in English during the 1960s and 70s. This first book would eventually be translated into English in 2005 by David McDuff and published by Schildts of Finland for the 60th anniversary of the series. A later 2012 version of the same translation featuring Jansson's new preface to the 1991 Scandinavian printing, was published in Britain by Sort Of Books,[10] and was more widely distributed.

There are also five Moomin picture books by Tove Jansson:

  1. The Book about Moomin, Mymble and Little My (Originally: Hur gick det sen?) – 1952.
  2. Who Will Comfort Toffle? (Originally: Vem ska trösta knyttet?) – 1960.
  3. The Dangerous Journey (Originally: Den farliga resan) – 1977.
  4. Skurken i Muminhuset (English: Villain in the Moominhouse) – 1980 (No English translation published).
  5. Visor från Mumindalen (English: Songs from Moominvalley) – 1993 (No English translation published).

The first official translation of Villain in the Moominhouse by Tove Jansson historian Ant O'Neill was premiered in a reading at the ArchWay With Words literary festival on 25 September 2017.[11]

The books and comic strips have been translated from their original Swedish and English respectively into many languages. The Book about Moomin, Mymble and Little My is the first Moomin book to be adapted for iPad.

The comic strip[edit]

Main article: Moomin comic strips

The Moomins also appeared in the form of comic strips. Their first appearance was in 1947 in the children's section of the Ny Tid newspaper,[12] and they were introduced internationally to English readers in 1954 in the popular London newspaper The Evening News.[13][14]Tove Jansson drew and wrote all the strips until 1959. She shared the work load with her brother Lars Jansson until 1961; after that he took over the job until 1975 when the last strip was released.[15]

Drawn & Quarterly, a Canadian graphic novel publisher, released reprints of all The Evening News strips created by both Tove and Lars Jansson beginning in October 2006.[16] The first five volumes, Moomin: The Complete Tove Jansson Comic Strip have been published, whilst the sixth volume, published in May 2011, began Moomin: The Complete Lars Jansson Comic Strip. The 2015 publication Moomin: The Deluxe Anniversary Edition collected all of Tove's work.

In the 1990s, a comic book version of Moomin was produced in Scandinavia after Dennis Livson and Lars Jansson's animated series was shown on television. Neither Tove nor Lars Jansson had any involvement in these comic books; however, in the wake of the series, two new Moomin comic strips were launched under the artistic and content oversight of Lars and his daughter, Sophia Jansson-Zambra. Sophia now provides sole oversight for the strips.[13]

TV series and films[edit]

The story of the Moomins has been made into television series on many occasions by various groups, possibly the most well known of which is a Japanese–Dutch collaboration, that has also produced a feature-length film. However, there are also two Soviet serials, puppet animationMumi-troll (Moomintroll) and cutout animationShlyapa Volshebnika (Magician's Hat) of three parts each, and the Polish–Austrian puppet animation TV series, The Moomins, which was broadcast and became popular in an edited form in the United Kingdom in the 1980s.

Two feature films re-use the footage of the Polish-Austrian series: Moomin and Midsummer Madness had its release in 2008, and in 2010 the Moomins appear in the first Nordic 3-D film production, with the title song by Björk, in Moomins and the Comet Chase. The animated film titled Moomins on the Riviera is based on Moomin comic strip story Moomin on the Riviera and was first released on 10 October 2014 in Finland[17] and made premiere on 11 October 2014 at BFI London Film Festival in United Kingdom.[18] In an October 2014 blog article at Screendaily, Sophia Jansson states that the film's “artistic team has made an effort to be true to the original drawings and the original text”.[19]

The Moomins, from the 1990–91 television animation. From left to right, Sniff, Moominmamma, Moominpappa, Moomintroll (Moomin) and Little My
  • Die Muminfamilie (The Moomin Family) 1959 West German marionette TV series, and its 1960 sequel Sturm im Mumintal (Storm in Moominvalley)
  • Mūmin (Moomin), 1969–70 Japanese anime TV series
  • Mumintrollet (Moomintroll), 1969 Swedish-language Finnish suit actor TV series
  • Shin Mūmin (New Moomin), 1972 Japanese anime TV series, remake of the 1969 series by the staff of its latter half
  • Mūmin (Moomin), 1971 Japanese traditional animation film
  • Mūmin (Moomin), 1972 Japanese traditional animation half-hour film[20]
  • Mumindalen (Moominvalley), 1973 Swedish suit actor TV series based on Moominland Midwinter
  • Mumi-troll (Moomintroll), 1978 Soviet Union stop motionserial film of Comet in Moominland
  • Opowiadania Muminków (The Moomins), 1977–82 Austrian, German and Polish-produced "Fuzzy Felt" stop motion TV series made in Poland. The series has been re-compiled a number of times in other formats:
  • Vem ska trösta knyttet?, 1980 Swedish traditional animation half-hour film of Who Will Comfort Toffle?
  • Shlyapa Volshebnika (Magician's Hat), 1980–83 Soviet Union cutout animation serial film of Finn Family Moomintroll, different staff and aeshetic to the 1978 serial
  • Tanoshii Mūmin Ikka (Moomin), 1990–91 Dutch, Finnish and Japanese-produced traditional anime TV series made in Japan
  • Hur gick det sen? (What Happened Next?), 1993 Swedish short animation film of The Book about Moomin, Mymble and Little My
  • Փոքրիկ տրոլների կյանքից (From the Life Of the Little Trolls), 2008 Armenian short animation film based on The Last Dragon In the World (Historien om den sista draken i världen)[23]
  • Moomins on the Riviera, 2014 French hand-drawn animated feature film, with a plot line taken from the comic strip.
  • Moominvalley, 2019 Finnish and British-produced TV series, directed by Oscar-winner Steve Box. A crowdfunded campaign was made on April 19, 2017 to make a new "TV-series Moominvalley". Archived from the original on 2017-03-29. by Finnish company "Gutsy Animations". It successfully passed the campaign threshold.

Moomin music[edit]

The Moomin novels describe the musical activities of the Moomins, particularly those of Snufkin, his harmonica with "trills" and "twiddles". All Moomin characters sing songs, often about their thoughts and themselves. The songs often serve as core statements of the characters' personalities.

Original songs[edit]

The Moomin Voices CD release from 2003, arranged by Mika Pohjola, in Swedish containing Tove Jansson's original Moomin songs. A Finnish version was released in 2005.

This music was heard outside Moominvalley after they went live on theater stage in Stockholm. Director Vivica Bandler told Jansson in 1959: "Listen, here the people want songs".[24] The earlier version of the play was cast in Helsinki with no music.

Helsinki based pianist and composer, Erna Tauro was commissioned to write the songs to lyrics by Jansson. The first collection consisted of six Moomin Songs (Sex muminvisor): Moomintroll's Song (Mumintrollets visa), Little My's Song (Lilla Mys visa), Mrs. Fillyjonk's Song (Fru Filifjonks sång), Theater Rat Emma's Words of Wisdom (Teaterråttan Emmas visdomsord), Misabel's Lament (Misans klagolåt) and Final Song (Slutsång).

More songs were published in the 1960s and 1970s, when Jansson and Lars Jansson produced a series of Moomin dramas for Swedish Television. The simple, yet effective melodies by Tauro were well received by the theater and TV audiences. The first songs were either sung unaccompanied or accompanied by a pianist. While the most famous Moomin songs in Scandinavia are undoubtedly "Moomintroll's Song" and "Little My's Song", they appear in no context in the novels.

The original songs by Jansson and Tauro remained scattered after their initial release. The first recording of the complete collection was made in 2003 by composer and arranger Mika Pohjola on the Moomin Voices CD (Muminröster in Swedish), as a tribute to the late Tove Jansson. Tauro had died in June 1993 and some of Jansson's last lyrics were composed by Pohjola in cooperation with Jansson's heirs. Pohjola was also the arranger of all songs for a vocal ensemble and chamber orchestra. All voices were sung by Åland native vocalist, Johanna Grüssner. The same recording has been released in a Finnish version in 2005, Muumilauluja. The Finnish lyrics were translated by Kirsi Kunnas and Vexi Salmi.[25]

The Swedish and Finnish recordings of Moomin Voices, and their respective musical scores, have been used as course material at Berklee College of Music in Boston, Massachusetts.[25]

The Moomin Voices Live Band (aka. Muumilauluja-bändi) is dedicated to exclusively performing the original lyrics and unaltered stories by Tove Jansson. This band is led by Pohjola on piano, with vocalists Mirja Mäkelä and Eeppi Ursin.[26]

Other musical adaptations[edit]

Independent musical interpretations of the Moomins have been made for the nineties anime, by Pierre Kartner, with translated versions being made including in Poland and the Nordic countries. Their lyrics, however, often contain simple slogans and the music is written in a children's pop music style and contrast sharply with the original Moomin novels and Jansson's pictorial and descriptive, yet rhyming lyricism, as well as Erna Tauro's Scandinavian-style songs (visor), which are occasionally influenced by Kurt Weill.

A Moomin opera was written in 1974 by the Finnish composer Ilkka Kuusisto; Jansson designed the costumes.[27]

Musicscapes from Moominvalley is a four-part work based on the Moomin compositions of composer and producer Heikki Mäenpää. It was created on the basis of the original Moomin works for the Tampere Art Museum.[28]

Twenty new Moomin songs were produced in Finland by Timo Poijärvi and Ari Vainio in 2006. This Finnish album contains no original lyrics by Jansson. However, it is based on the novel, Comet in Moominland, and adheres to the original stories. The songs are performed by Samuli Edelmann, Sani, Tommi Läntinen, Susanna Haavisto and Jore Marjaranta and other established Finnish vocalists in the pop/entertainment genre. The same twenty compositions are also available as standalone multimedia CD postcards.

The Icelandic singer Björk has composed and performed the title song (Comet Song) for the film Moomins and the Comet Chase (2010). The lyrics were written by the Icelandic writer Sjón.

In 2010, Russian composer Lex Plotnikoff (founder of symphonic metal band Mechanical Poet) released a new-age music album Hattifatteners: Stories from the Clay Shore,[29][30][31] accompanied by photos of moomin characters models by photographer/sculptor Tisha Razumovsky. Due to copyright issues, the album was later re-released as Mistland Prattlers, with references to Moomins removed.

Theatre[edit]

Several stage productions have been made from Jansson's Moomin series, including a number that Jansson herself was involved in.

The earliest production was a 1949 theatrical version of Comet in Moominland performed at Åbo Svenska Teater.[27]

In the early 1950s, Jansson collaborated on Moomin-themed children's plays with Vivica Bandler. By 1958, Jansson began to become directly involved in theater as Lilla Teater produced Troll i kulisserna (Troll in the wings), a Moomin play with lyrics by Jansson and music composed by Erna Tauro. The production was a success, and later performances were held in Sweden and Norway,[7] including recently at the Malmö Opera and Music Theatre in 2011.[32]

Mischief and Mystery in Moominvalley, a production created by Get Lost and Found which included puppetry and a giant pop-up book set, toured the UK from 2018, with runs at London's Southbank Centre, Kew Gardens and the Manchester Literature Festival.[33] This production was written by Emma Edwards and Sophie Ellen Powell with puppets and set designed and made by Annie Brooks.

Theme parks and displays[edit]

Moomin World[edit]

Main article: Moomin World

Moomin World (Muumimaailma in Finnish, Muminvärlden in Swedish) is the Moomin Theme Park especially for children. Moomin World is located on the island of Kailo beside the old town of Naantali, near the city of Turku in Western Finland.

The blueberry-coloured Moomin House is the main attraction; tourists are allowed to freely visit all five stories. It is also possible to see the Hemulen's yellow house, Moominmama's kitchen, the Fire Station, Snufkin's Camp, Moominpappa's boat, etc. Visitors may also meet Moomin characters there. Moomin World opens for the Summer season.

Moomin Ice Cave[edit]

On December 26, 2020, the underground Moomin Ice Cave theme park was opened in the 30 meters below of Spa Hotel Vesileppis in Leppävirta (56 kilometres (35 mi) south of Kuopio), which includes Moomin-themed ice sculptures, downhill skiing and other activities for families with children.[34][35]

Tampere Art Museum[edit]

Main article: Moomin Museum

The Moominvalley of the Tampere Art Museum is a museum devoted to the original works of Tove Jansson. It contains around 2,000 works. The museum is based on the Moomin books and has many original Moomin illustrations by Tove Jansson. The gem of the collection is a blue five-storey model of the Moominhouse, which had Tove Jansson as one of its builders. As a birthday present, the 20-year-old museum received a soundscape work based on the works of Tove Jansson, called Musicscapes from Moominvalley.

Interactive playroom[edit]

An interactive playroom about the Moomins was located at Scandinavia House, New York City, from November 11, 2006, till March 31, 2007.[36][37]

Akebono Children's Forest Park[edit]

Akebono Children's Forest Park (あけぼの子どもの森公園, Akebono Kodomo no Mori Kōen), also called "Moomin Valley", is a Moomin themed park for children in Hannō, Saitama in Japan that opened in July, 1997.[38][39] Tove Jansson had already in the 1970s given her personal permission to the city of Hannō to build a small Moomin-themed playground there.[40]

First announced in 2013, a new Moomin theme park was opened in March 2019 at Lake Miyazawa, Hannō. There are two zones: the free Metsä Village area, comprising lakefront restaurants and shops set among natural activities, and the Moomin-themed zone offering attractions like Moominhouse and an art museum.[41]

The theme park has become very popular, with more than one million visitors during the first three months in 2019.[42]

Moomin shops[edit]

As of January 2019, there are 20 Moomin Shops around the world, offering an extensive range of Moomin-themed goods. Finland, home of the Moomins, has three stores. There are two stores in the UK, one in the US, six in Japan. China and Hong Kong each have one store. There are three in South Korea and three in Thailand.[43]

Moomin Cafes[edit]

As of January 2018, there are 15 themed Moomin Cafes around the world – Finland, Japan, Hong Kong, Thailand, South Korea and Taiwan[44] – allowing diners to immerse themselves in the Moomin world. Diners can enjoy Moomin-inspired meals sitting at tables with larger-than-life plush versions of Moomin characters.[45]

Success in popular culture[edit]

FinnairMD-11decorated with Moomin characters serving the Japanese route

The Moomin Boom (muumibuumi in Finnish) started in the 1990s, when Dennis Livson and Lars Jansson produced a 104-part animation series in Japan named Tales From Moominvalley, which was followed by a full-length movie Comet in Moominland. Moomin books had always been steady bestsellers in Finland, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, but the animation started a new Moomin madness both in Finland and abroad, especially in Japan, where they are the official mascots of the Daiei chain of shopping centers. A large merchandising industry was built around the Moomin characters, covering everything from coffee cups and T-shirts to plastic models. Even the former Finnish President Tarja Halonen has been known to wear a Moomin watch.[46] New Moomin comic books and comic strips were published. Moomins were used to advertise Finland abroad: the Helsinki–Vantaa International Airport was decorated with Moomin images and Finnair decorated its aircraft on routes to Japan with Moomin designs. The peak of the Moomin Boom was the opening of the Moomin World theme park in Naantali, Finland, which has become one of Finland's international tourist destinations.

The Moomin Boom has been criticized for commercializing the Moomins. Friends of Tove Jansson and many old Moomin enthusiasts have stressed that the newer animations banalize the original and philosophical Moomin world to harmless family entertainment. An antithesis for the Disneyland-like Moomin World theme park is the Moomin Museum of Tampere, which exhibits the original illustrations and hand-made Moomin models by Tove Jansson.

The Jansson family has kept the rights of Moomins and controlled the Moomin Boom. The artistic control is now in the hands of Lars Jansson's daughter, Sophia Jansson-Zambra. Wanting to keep the control over Moomins, the family has turned down offers from the Walt Disney Company.[6]

As of 2017[update], the Moomin brand is estimated to have a yearly retail value of 700 million EUR per year.[47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Meek, Margaret (2001). Children's Literature and National Identity. Stoke on Trent, UK: Trentham Books. p. 4. ISBN .
  2. ^"Mumin | Schildts Förlags Ab". Schildts.asiakkaat.sigmatic.fi. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-04-13.
  3. ^Ariste, Paul. 1975l "Uusi sõeliseid." In Sõnasõel 3, p. 11. Tartu: Tartu Riiklik Ülikool.
  4. ^Brown, Ulla (November 2004). "A Quest for What Lies Hidden"(PDF). Outwrite. 7: 8–12. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2017-05-10. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  5. ^ abcdeAhola, Suvi (2008). "Jansson, Tove (1914–2001)". Biografiakeskus. Fletcher, Roderick (trans.). Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 4 February 2009.
  6. ^ abBosworth, Mark (2014-03-13). "Tove Jansson: Love, war and the Moomins". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2017-04-13. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
  7. ^ abcdeLiukkonen, Petri. "Tove (Marika) Jansson". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 16 September 2008.
  8. ^ abRahunen, Suvi (Spring 2007). "Om Översättning Av Kulturbunda Element Från Svenska Till Finska Och Franska I Två Muminböcker Av Tove Jansson"(PDF). University of Jyväskylä. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  9. ^Philip Nel. "Moomin: The Complete Tove Jansson Comic Strip. Vol. 1 by Tove Jansson". English.ufl.edu. Archived from the original on 2016-04-13. Retrieved 2016-04-13.
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External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moomins
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Moomins

The Moominsare the central characters in a series of booksand a comic stripby Finnish illustrator and writer Tove Jansson, originally published in Swedish by Schildts(and later in Finnish by WSOY) in Finland. They are a family of trollswho are white and roundish, with large snouts that make them resemble hippopotamuses. The carefree and adventurous family live in their house in Moominvalley, in the forests of Finland, though in the past their temporary residences have included a lighthouseand a theatre. They have many adventures along with their various friends.

In all, nine books were released in the series, with five picture books and a comic strip also written by Jansson being released between 1945 and 1993.

The Moomins have since been the basis for numerous television series, films and even a permanent museum exhibition and a theme park in Finland.

Synopsis and Characters

The Moomin stories concern several eccentric and oddly-shaped characters, some of whom are related to each other. The characters' differences are accepted and their needs are accommodated. The central family consists of Moominpappa, Moominmamma and Moomintroll. Other characters, such as Hemulens, Sniff, The Snork maiden, Snufkin and Little My are accepted into or attach themselves into the family group from time to time.

The series is set in the fictional Moominvalley. It is here that the Moomin family decide to live at the end of The Moomins and the Great Flood, where they live in the Moominhouse.

Biographical interpretation

Critics have interpreted various Moomin characters as being inspired by real people, especially close family members of the author. In interviews, Tove Jansson has also spoken openly about the backgrounds of and possible models for her characters.

The life partner of Tove Jansson was the graphic artist Tuulikki Pietilä, whose personality inspired the character Too-Ticky in Moominland Midwinter. Moomintroll and Little My have been seen as psychological self-portraits of the artist. The Moomins, generally speaking, relate strongly to Jansson's own family — they were bohemian, lived close to nature and were very tolerant towards diversity. Moominpappa and Moominmamma are often seen as portraits of Jansson's parents Viktor Jansson and Signe Hammarsten-Jansson. Some of Jansson's characters are on the verge of melancholy, such as the always formal Hemulen, or the strange Hattifatteners who travel in concerted, ominous groups. Jansson uses the differences between the characters philosophies to provide a venue for her satirical impulses. The novelist Alison Lurie has described the Groke, a black, hill-shaped creation with glowing eyes, as a walking manifestation of Nordic gloominess – everyone she touches dies, and the ground freezes everywhere she sits.

The Moomin stories have a very humane message. The books have caprices and utterances which ponder life and ways of the world. Snufkin comments on freedom: "One can never be entirely free, if one admires someone else too much." Little My expresses possession: "Possession means worries and luggage bags one has to drag along."

List of books

The books in the series, in order, are:

  1. The Moomins and the Great Flood (Originally: Småtrollen och den stora översvämningen) - 1945.
  2. Comet in Moominland, Some editions: The Happy Moomins - (Originally: Kometjakten/Kometen kommer) - 1946.
  3. Finn Family Moomintroll (Originally: Trollkarlens hatt) - 1948.
  4. The Exploits of Moominpappa, Some editions: Moominpappa's Memoirs (Originally: Muminpappans bravader/Muminpappans memoarer) - 1950.
  5. Moominsummer Madness (Originally: Farlig midsommar) - 1954.
  6. Moominland Midwinter (Originally: Trollvinter) - 1957.
  7. Tales from Moominvalley (Originally: Det osynliga barnet) - 1962 (Short stories).
  8. Moominpappa at Sea (Originally: Pappan och havet) - 1965.
  9. Moominvalley in November (Originally: Sent i november) - 1970 (In which the Moomin family is absent).

The first book, known in English as The Moomins and the Great Flood (Originally: Småtrollen och den stora översvämningen) was finally published in English in 2005 (though only in Finland).

There are also five Moomin picture books by Tove Jansson:

  1. The Book about Moomin, Mymble and Little My (Originally: Hur gick det sen) - 1952.
  2. Who Will Comfort Toffle? (Originally: Vem ska trösta knyttet) - 1960.
  3. The Dangerous Journey (Originally: Den farliga resan) - 1977.
  4. An Unwanted Guest (Originally: Skurken i Muminhuset) - 1980 (No English translation published, although an unofficial translation is available online).
  5. Songs from Moominvalley (Originally: Visor från Mumindalen) - 1993 (No English translation published).

The books and comic strips have been translated from their original Swedish and English into many languages.

The comic strip

The Moomins also appeared in the form of comic strips; their first appearance to a big audience was in the popular London newspaper The Evening News in 1954, in English. Tove Jansson drew and wrote all the strips until 1959. She shared the work load with her brother Lars Jansson until 1961; after that he took over the job until 1975 when the last strip was released.

Drawn and Quarterly, a Canadian graphic novel publisher, is releasing a new reprint series of The Evening News strips, beginning in October 2006. The first three volumes of Moomin: The Complete Tove Jansson Comic Strip are currently available, with two more volumes planned to follow.

In the 1990s, a comic book version of Moomin was produced in Scandinavia after Dennis Livson and Lars Jansson's animated series was shown on television. Neither Tove nor Lars Jansson had any involvement in these comic books; however, in the wake of the series, two new Moomin comic strips were launched under the artistic and content oversight of Lars and his daughter, Sophia Jansson-Zambra. Sophia now provides sole oversight for the strips.

Adaptations

TV series and movies

The story of the Moomins has been made into television series on many occasions by various groups, the most recent of which is a Japanese-Dutch collaboration that has also produced a feature-length movie. However, there are also two Soviet series, puppet animation Mumi-troll (Moomin-troll) and cutout animation Shlyapa Volshebnika (Magician's hat) of three films each, and Polish-Austrian puppet animation TV series, The Moomins.

  • Die Muminfamilie (The Moomin Family) - Germany, 1959 (TV series).
  • Sturm im Mumintal (Summer in Moominvalley) - Germany, 1960 (TV series).
  • Moomin (Originally: Muumin) - Japan, 1969-70 (TV series).
  • Mumintrollet (Moomintroll) - Sweden, 1969 (TV series).
  • Moomin, A.K.A. New Moomin (Originally: Muumin, A.K.A. Shin Muumin) - Japan, 1972 (TV series).
  • Moomin (Originally: Muumin) - Japan, 1971 (Film).
  • Moomin (Originally: Muumin) - Japan, 1972 (Film).
  • Mumindalen (Moominvalley) - Sweden, 1973 (TV series).
  • Mumi-troll (Moomin-troll) - USSR, 1978 (Series of 3-part short films).
  • The Moomins (Originally: Opowiadania Muminków/Die Mumins) - Poland/Austria, 1977-82 (TV series).
  • Who Will Comfort Toffle? (Originally: Vem ska trösta knyttet?) - Sweden, 1980 (Short film).
  • Shlyapa Volshebnika (Magician's Hat) - USSR, 1980-83 (Series of 3-part short films).
  • Moomin (Originally: Tanoshii Muumin Ikka) - Japan/Finland 1990-91 (TV series).
  • Delightful Moomin Family: Adventure Diary (Originally: Tanoshii Muumin Ikka: Bouken Nikki) - Japan/Netherlands 1991-92 (TV series).
  • Comet in Moominland (Originally: Muumindani no Suisei) - Japan/Netherlands 1992 (Film).
  • The Book about Moomin, Mymble and Little My (Originally: Hur gick det sen?) - Sweden, 1993 (Short film).

Interactive Playroom

An interactive playroom about the Moomins was located at Scandinavia House from November 11, 2006 till March 31, 2007.

Moomin music

The Moomin novels describe the musical activities of the Moomins, particularly those of Snufkin, his harmonica with "trills" and "twiddles." All Moomin characters sing songs, often about their thoughts and themselves. The songs often serve as core statements of the characters' personalities.

The original songs

This music was heard outside Moominvalley after they went live on theater stage in Stockholm. Director Vivica Bandler told Jansson in 1959: "Listen, here the people want songs". The earlier version of the play was cast in Helsinki with no music.

Helsinki based pianist and composer, Erna Tauro was commissioned to write the songs to lyrics by Jansson. The first collection consisted of six Moomin Songs (Sex muminvisor): Moomintroll's Song (Mumintrollets visa), Little My's Song (Lilla Mys visa), Mrs. Fillyjonk's Song (Fru Filifjonks sång), Theater Rat Emma's Words of Wisdom (Teaterråttan Emmas visdomsord), Misabel's Lament (Misans klagolåt) and Final Song (Slutsång).

More songs were published in the 1960s and 70s when Jansson and Lars Jansson produced a series of Moomin dramas for Swedish Television. The simple, yet effective melodies by Tauro were well received by the theater and TV audiences. The first songs were either sung unaccompanied or accompanied by a pianist. While the most famous Moomin songs in Scandinavia are undoubtedly Moomintroll's Song and Little My's Song, they appear in no context in the novels.

The original songs by Jansson and Tauro remained scattered after their initial release. The first recording of the complete collection was made in 2003 by composer and arranger Mika Pohjola on the Moomin Voices CD (Muminröster in Swedish), as a tribute to the late Tove Jansson. Tauro had died in June 1993 and some of Jansson's last lyrics were composed by Pohjola in cooperation with Jansson's heirs. Pohjola was also the arranger of all songs for a vocal ensemble and chamber orchestra. The same recording has been released in a Finnish version in 2005, Muumilauluja. The Finnish lyrics were translated by Kirsi Kunnas and Vexi Salmi.

The Swedish and Finnish recordings of Moomin Voices, and their respective musical scores, have been used as course material at Berklee College of Music in Boston, Massachusetts.

The Moomin Voices Live Band (aka. Muumilauluja-bändi) is dedicated to exclusively performing the original lyrics and unaltered stories by Ms. Jansson. This band is lead by Pohjola on piano, with vocalists Mirja Mäkelä and Eeppi Ursin.

Other adaptations

Independent musical interpretations of the Moomin stories have been made for the screen versions in Poland, Great Britain and Japan. These lyrics, however, often contain simple slogans, and the music is written in a children's pop music style and with no lyrics by Jansson. These songs contrast sharply with the original Moomin novels and Jansson's pictorial, descriptive and witty lyrical rhyming, as well as Erna Tauro's Scandinavian-style songs (visor) which are occasionally influenced by Kurt Weill.

A Moomin opera was written in 1974 by the Finnish composer Ilkka Kuusisto.

Musicscapes from Moominvalley is a four-part work based on the Moomin compositions of composer and producer Heikki Mäenpää. It was created on the basis of the original Moomin works for the Tampere Art Museum.

Twenty new Moomin songs were produced in Finland by Timo Poijärvi and Ari Vainio in 2006. This Finnish album contains no original lyrics by Jansson. However, it is based on the novel, Comet in Moominland, and adheres to the original stories. These songs are "easily adoptable" and aimed at children, but they are also claimed to appeal to a more mature Finnish Moomin audience. The songs are performed by Samuli Edelmann, Sani, Tommi Läntinen, Susanna Haavisto and Jore Marjaranta and other established Finnish vocalists in the pop/entertainment genre. The same twenty compositions are also available as standalone multimedia CD postcards.

The Tampere Art Museum Moominvalley

The Moominvalley of the Tampere Art Museum is a museum devoted to the original works of Tove Jansson. It contains around 2,000 works. The museum is based on the Moomin books and has many original Moomin illustrations by Tove Jansson. The gem of the collection is a blue five-storey Moominhouse, which has Tove Jansson as one of its builders. As a birthday present, the 20-year-old museum received a soundscape work based on the works of Tove Jansson, called Musicscapes from Moominvalley.

Success in popular culture

The Moomin Boom

The Moomin Boom (muumibuumi in Finnish) started in the '90s, when Dennis Livson and Lars Jansson produced a 104-part animation series in Japan named Tales From Moominvalley, which was followed by a full length movie Comet in Moominland. Moomin books had always been steady bestsellers in Finland, Sweden and Latvia, but the animation started a new Moomin madness both in Finland and abroad, especially in Japan, where they are the official mascots of the Daiei chain of shopping centers. A large merchandising industry was built around the Moomin characters, covering everything from coffee cups and t-shirts to plastic models. New Moomin comic books and comic strips were published. Moomins were used to advertise Finland abroad: the Helsinki-Vantaa International Airport was decorated with Moomin images and Finnair painted big Moomin figures on its Japan-line airplanes. The peak of the Moomin Boom was the opening of the Moomin World theme park in Naantali, Finland, which has become one of Finland's international tourist destinations.

The Moomin Boom has been criticized for commercializing the Moomins. Friends of Tove Jansson and many old Moomin enthusiasts have stressed that the animations banalize the original and philosophical Moomin world to harmless family entertainment. An antithesis for the Disneyland-like Moomin World theme park is the Moomin Museum of Tampere, which exhibits the original illustrations and hand-made Moomin models by Tove Jansson.

The Jansson family has kept the rights of Moomins and controlled the Moomin Boom. The artistic control is now in the hands of Lars Jansson's daughter, Sophia Jansson-Zambra. Wanting to keep the control over Moomins, the family has turned down offers from the Walt Disney Company.

Other

The name of the Russian rock group Mumiy Troll is a variant of the Russian name for the Moomins. Swedish progressive rock band Ritual have used the idea of Moomins in various songs, including: Seasong for the Moominpappa, Moomin took my Head and a whole concept album dedicated to the furry 'trolls', The Hemulic Voluntary Band.

The Moomins were selected as the main motif in a recent Finnish commemorative coin, the €10 Tove Jansson and Finnish Children's Culture commemorative coin, minted in 2004. The obverse depicts a combination of Tove Jansson portrait with several objects: the skyline, an artist's palette, a crescent, and a sailboat. The reverse design features three Moomin characters.

External links

Sours: https://moomin.fandom.com/wiki/Moomins
TROLL WINTER - A Moomin Live-Action Short Film (2018)

Everything was quiet with them, I heard only the creak of a chair, and that was all. Ten minutes later she came out and, without saying anything, went to her room. Then Jane went to Philip, who returned only after a long time, saying that he was "in proper shape" he was just dying, but did not finish.

Jane, make sure he never ends up, I said.

Sweden moomin

As it happens in almost all large families: they made noise, argued and calmed down, but mom and aunt Ira were always. Wary of each other and tried to compete in all household chores and issues. Both loved to command and lead, in general they disliked each other. That day we went to swim in a forest lake, my mother, aunt Ira and my cousins and I.

The summer was hot, my brothers and I swam a lot, and during breaks we ran along the coast and to the forest glades in search of strawberries.

An Amateur's Guide to Moomin (Part 1)

So you went in, rearranged furniture, changed plates. Where did you take my chandelier. I took them to the consignment shop, Nadia answered sarcastically.

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Is happy. I will not arrange it for you yet, you will give it to everyone I tell you and you will do what they say. Now you are my whore, and I am your master and the first fucker, if no one fucks you, then I fuck, if you got a crowd. Of otterdol, and I want to tear you, then I'll tear you. The bitch is not fucked.



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