Vw jetta 2008

Vw jetta 2008 DEFAULT

2008 Volkswagen Jetta

We haven't heard much lately about Fahrvergnugen, that difficult-to-define Germanic character that supposedly separated Volkswagens from other moderately priced cars. That's probably because VW outsiders never did get it, as trying to sell the Volkswagen driving experience to someone who has never experienced it is like trying to describe premium-grade European chocolate to someone who hasn't tasted it and thinks the supermarket brand is just fine.

So if you haven't driven a modern Volkswagen extensively, then you're going to have to trust us on this: The charm of these cars is that they drive like 8/10ths of one of those high-dollar German sedans, while costing less than half the price.

A SportWagen model is now available, having joined the line of sedans mid-2008. The SportWagen adds flexibility without a larger footprint or any compromise in Fahrvergnugen or efficiency. Later in 2008, the 2009 Jetta TDI will appear, with the fuel economy of a hybrid and the flexibility of a wagon.

The Jetta is more potent for 2008, with 170 horsepower and 177 pound-feet of torque (compared to 150 hp and 170 lb-ft in 2007). Its 2.5-liter five-cylinder engine is pleasantly robust, with a broad power curve and a raspy sound, and delivers an EPA-estimated 21/29 mpg City/Highway. The Jetta is responsive around town and comfortable on long trips. It snicks through corners and carves through curves precisely, but rides comfortably.

And just as Mercedes-Benz, BMW, and Audi offer racier editions of their luxury cruisers, Volkswagen offers the 200-hp Jetta GLI.

Inside, the Jetta is roomy and nicely finished. Here's where Volkswagen's attention to detail is particularly convincing. The driver enjoys excellent visibility and ease of operation, with logical controls and instruments. All models come with a full array of safety features. Finish quality is good, inside and out; and the trunk is larger than in many sedans costing much more. So at just under $17,000, the Jetta is a compelling buy.

The Jetta was redesigned and re-engineered from the ground up midway through 2005, and it still seems fresh. We find its styling more pleasant than exciting. But if you like the idea of a solid sedan, and are ready to try some European flavor, the Jetta is the best deal in town.

Model Lineup

The Volkswagen Jetta comes as a four-door sedan or SportWagen. A 2.5-liter inline five-cylinder engine generates 170 hp and 177 lb-ft of torque. A five-speed manual transmission and a six-speed automatic with Tiptronic sport mode are available.

Jetta S ($16,990) comes with cloth upholstery, air conditioning, power windows, power locks with remote, cruise control, ASR traction control, CD player, eight-way manually adjustable front seats with lumbar support and new power recliners, split folding rear seat, manual tilt-and-telescope steering wheel, and 205/55HR all-season tires on 16-inch steel wheels. Jetta S comes with five-speed manual or six-speed automatic ($18,065).

Jetta SE ($19,850) adds a power tilt-and-slide sunroof; V-Tex Leatherette (imitation leather) seating surfaces; real leather-covered steering wheel and shifter; heated front seats and washer nozzles; ten-speaker stereo with MP3-capable, in-dash six-CD player and window diversity antenna; Sirius Satellite Radio; Electronic Stabilization Program (ESP) with Electronic Differential Lock (EDL); a front passenger seat that folds flat for carrying long objects; bright window trim; and 16-inch aluminum alloy wheels. The SE comes with the manual or automatic ($20,925).

Jetta SEL ($22,900) adds a multi-function steering wheel, premium instrument display, premium audio, a 115-volt power outlet in the rear of the console, and 17-inch alloy wheels. The six-speed automatic is the only transmission available.

The Jetta GLI ($24,300) is motivated by a 2.0-liter turbocharged and intercooled inline-4 packing 200 hp and 207 lb-ft of torque. A six-speed manual transmission is standard; there's also a six-speed DSG (Direct Shift Gear) transmission that operates in manual or automatic mode ($25,375). Suspension and brakes are beefed up appropriately. Inside are eight-way adjustable sport bucket seats, a flat-bottom padded steering wheel, and lots of aluminum and bright-metal trim. Auto-leveling, high-intensity Xenon headlights are also standard, as are ESP/EDL, and 225/45 all-season or summer-performance tires (no charge either way) on 17-inch alloy rims. The Autobahn package ($3,020) adds a power sunroof, leather seats (with heat and power lumbar support in front), heated washer nozzles, and a premium audio system. Eighteen-inch wheels with 225/40R18 all-season ($750) or summer-performance ($890) tires are available.

The Wolfsburg Edition 2.0T is powered by the same engine as the GLI and the same six-speed manual ($20,875) or six-speed DSG transmission ($21,950). Seats are leatherette, and wheels are 17-inch alloys. VW says it will produce just 12,500 of these limited-edition models in just four colors: Reflex Silver, Black, Salsa Red, and Platinum Gray.

Options for Jettas not already equipped include the sunroof ($1000), heated front seats and washers ($225), 16-inch alloy wheels ($450), and ESP/EDL ($450). SEL and GLI Autobahn buyers can opt for a navigation system ($1800) that comes with either a CD changer or an iPod adapter, but not both. (Either way, MP3 capability is lost.) GLI buyers can choose the premium stereo ($325) without the rest of the Autobahn package. Optional on all Jettas are rear-seat side airbags ($350); and an iPod adapter ($199), which replaces the auxiliary input jack and which may not be available with certain other options. SportWagen options include a panoramic sunroof and a fold-flat right front seat for long loads.

Safety features that come standard include front airbags, front passenger side-impact airbags for torso protection, and curtain-style airbags for head protection front and rear. All Jettas have anti-lock brakes with electronic brake-force distribution (EBD), brake assist, and traction control (ASR). Roadside assistance is included in the Jetta warranty package.

Walkaround

The Volkswagen Jetta is a mid-size sedan. It was completely redesigned for the 2005 model year, the GLI was added for 2006, and the SportWagen joined the lineup for 2008.

Compared to the pre-2005 Jetta, the current generation has a longer wheelbase and wider track and is the biggest Jetta ever. It's also the heaviest, tipping the scales at 3,200 pounds. That extra mass was put to good use, however, with greatly improved structural rigidity, a larger trunk and more interior room, particularly for rear seat passengers.

When looking at the Jetta, the eye is immediately drawn to its big, chrome-framed front grille. Chrome is also used in the eyebrows atop the air inlets in the front bumper and, on the SE and SEL, for the side-window surrounds.

The next most striking design element is the aggressive thrust and slope of the hood and snout. Compared to other recent nose-forward designs, the Jetta's composite headlights and various inlets and grilles are well integrated into the raked rearward flow of its form. A striking vee, created by the slant of the headlamps and sloping hood lines, is carried strongly toward the rear by the steeply raked windshield and character lines running along the flanks.

The tail is a major departure from previous Jetta styling. Larger tail light clusters, now divided between the trunk and rear fender, help widen the proportion of the car's hindquarters in relation to its height, giving it a more substantial, less boxy-looking stern. The round tail lights and brake lights have been singled out as the new Jetta's most derivative design statement. Critics claim they give this Jetta a blander, more Japanese look than previous models.

SportWagen hatches carry a small spoiler at the top of the roof and a rear wash/wipe system that clears every part of the glass you might look through. Tail lamps wrap well into the rear side panels but no lights are in the hatch so rear visibility is not compromised loading in the dark.

In addition to their 17-inch wheels, SEL models are distinguished by body-colored valences front and rear. More distinctive is the GLI, with a blacked-out honeycomb grille underlined by a red-pinstripe smile, and foglights integrated into matching honeycomb panels in the lower fascia. Lower body trim is blacked out all around, and red brake calipers show through visually massive five-spoke alloy wheels.

Interior Features

Volkswagen and Audi interiors are often the benchmark for other manufacturers because their designers accomplish more with less, combining expensive-looking materials with simple, attractive styling and excellent ergonomics. The result tends to be inviting cabins that are pleasant places to spend time. This holds true in the Jetta.

Even the base model's seat contours provide a high degree of support. The seats are easy to adjust with manual controls, and the adjustable steering column and height-adjustable safety belt help drivers of all sizes get comfortable. The thick-rimmed, three-spoke steering wheel frames a gauge cluster dominated by separate, large dials for the tachometer and speedometer, well shaded from ambient light by a curved cowl. In daylight the graphics read white on black, at night changing to white on soothing swimming-pool blue with lighted red pointers. In either case, the data are easy to comprehend at a glance. Within the tachometer and speedometer are warning lights and advisories about secondary functions, including one thoughtful warning that the fuel filler door was left opened after refueling.

A large electronic message pad sits dead center, just over the water temperature and fuel gauges. In addition to more warning and diagnostic symbols, on SEL and GLI this display includes trip computer readouts. The red graphics on the pad are quite readable in the daylight but glow too brightly at night, even at the dimmest setting.

The trip computer's data are accessed by one of three levers mounted on the steering column (or with the available multi-function steering wheel buttons). Jutting to the right, this lever also operates the wiper/washer system. To the left are the levers for the turn signals/headlamp flashers and cruise control. Though easy to use, the levers feel flimsy and are one of the few interior elements that have a cheap, plasticky look. The headlight switch sits on the dash to the left of the steering wheel.

Stereo buttons, which surround the stereo's own display screen in the center stack, are in full view, a setup we prefer over hidden controls. Unfortunately, the display's graphics are not easily discernible in daylight. At night, though, the display reverts to the trademark VW blue backlighting and is easily read. The steering wheel buttons on high-line models can be used to operate a phone, mute the radio, or toggle between the various modes of the sound system.

Just below the stereo, the manual Climatic heating and air conditioning is operated via a rotary dial on the left for temperature, one in the middle for fan speed, and a third on the right for directing the air in the cabin. The more automatic Climatronic system is no longer available.

The switch for the outside mirrors and the power window switches are on the driver's door armrest, within easy reach and sight. The windows feature anti-pinch protection and one-touch up or down. As a further convenience, they can also be opened or closed, along with the sunroof, with the master key in the driver's door lock.

The center console extends between the front seats and includes a covered storage bin, two cupholders, a power outlet and climate system vents for the rear passengers. A small ceiling console, just aft of the rearview mirror, holds a pair of reading lights, the sunroof's rotary switch, interior light switches, a sunglasses bin and ambient lighting elements that softly illuminate the dash area at night. Other nice touches include sun visors that slide on rods to extend their reach over most of the side window, and well-lighted vanity mirrors.

The GLI interior is a bit dressier than the standard cabin thanks to additional touches of bright metal on the dash and center stack. The sport seat fabric is a plaid-like material that harkens back to previous interior designs from VW, and it may not be to everyone's taste. The durable-feeling leather that's now only available

Driving Impressions

Turn the key in the Volkswagen Jetta S, SE, or SEL and you're greeted by the raspy growl of a five-cylinder engine. It's definitely an in-your-ear sound that will find favor with those who appreciate mechanical Sturm und Drang. We like it, but it might be annoying to drivers who'd rather talk on the phone.

As soon as the Jetta pulls away from the curb, there's a feel of solidness and a sense of high quality. Volkswagen invested in structural rigidity, and it paid off in ride quality and handling.

The five-cylinder engine is tuned for instant gratification, and we like it. Throttle tip-in is aggressive, especially when the automatic transmission is in Sport mode. Upshifts and downshifts then occur at higher engine speeds. The engine does not provide any braking while driving downhill, however, and we'd prefer that it did for the control it provides.

The 2.5-liter never felt underpowered in a week of testing on freeways, over mountain passes and around town, nor did it seem like it was running out of breath at high rpm. Its rasp turns a bit strident when the accelerator is fully applied, but it's more a growl of power than a whine of discontent. With increased power and torque for 2008, the factory now claims that a manual-shift Jetta can sprint from 0 to 60 mph in just 8.2 seconds; the automatic in 8.5. And that's with the same EPA ratings as last year: 21/29 mpg, City/Highway, for both the manual and the automatic.

We can attest that the Jetta will cruise all day long at 90 mph and, given an autobahn or race track to explore, will reach almost 130 mph at its top end. The 2.5 is a very flexible engine, and it delivers power when needed, no matter the gear. Raw speed is not what this five-cylinder does best, however.

The six-speed automatic with Tiptronic does just about everything an automatic transmission should do. In full automatic mode, the transitions between gears are quick and slip-free. Slam the gas pedal down and downshifts are crisp, and the transmission holds the chosen gear until redline before swiftly shifting up to the next gear. Switch to the manual mode by moving the shift lever into a gate to the right. Pushing the lever forward in the manual mode chooses a higher gear, while pulling back selects a lower one.

The Jetta's handling is rewarding, inspiring confidence on curving mountain roads. The Jetta carves through a corner with precision, and body lean is almost non-existent. Entering a corner too quickly is easily corrected with the excellent four-wheel disc brakes. ABS helps the driver maintain steering control while braking, while Brake Assist ensures maximum brake force during panic stops. The Jetta's high-tech traction aids provide a greater envelope of safety yet do little to diminish the driving experience.

We think this is the best-handling front-wheel-drive car Volkswagen has produced. It benefits from its multi-link rear suspension, instead of VW/Audi's traditional twist beam, along with a carefully designed MacPherson strut front suspension. The Jetta is a well-balanced car, with little or no sense that the front end is doing the work of both pulling and steering the car.

The steering is sharp. It not only adjusts to speed, providing more assist at low speeds and higher effort on the open road, but through electronic control of the steering column it automatically corrects the car's direction when such external forces as crosswinds threaten to move it off track. It's a bit disconcerting at first for the car to do something a driver expects he or she will have to do, but in short order the self-correction becomes a welcome improvement.

For slippery conditions, all but the base Jetta S come with an electronic differential lock, or EDL, that varies power to either front wheel depending on which one has more traction. Anti-slip regulation, or ASR, reduces engine power to both front wheels if slip is detected. Essentially a form

Summary

The Volkswagen Jetta blends German-bred engineering and technology, good materials and build quality, and solid performance in a value-priced package. The base model comes well equipped, with a decent CD player and a host of safety features. Its 2.5-liter five-cylinder was bred for American tastes, with lots of low-rev torque, and makes for both a snappy runabout and a comfortable long-distance cruiser. The turbocharged GLI attains sports sedan status. Prices climb quickly, however. At the high-end, a loaded Jetta can nearly double the modest base price, and we're not sure there's twice as much value in that equation.

NewCarTestDrive.com correspondent Greg Brown reported from Southern California and Santa Fe, New Mexico, with G.R. Whale reporting from Los Angeles.

Model Line Overview
Model lineup:Volkswagen Jetta S ($16,990); SE ($19,760); SEL ($22,825); Wolfsburg Edition 2.0T ($20,875); GLI ($24,230)
Engines:170-hp 2.5-liter dohc 20v inline-5; 200-hp 2.0-liter dohc 16v turbocharged inline-4
Transmissions:5-speed manual; 6-speed automatic with Tiptronic; 6-speed manual; 6-speed DSG automatic
Safety equipment (standard):dual-stage front airbags; front passenger side-impact airbags; front and rear curtain-style head protection airbags; safety belt pre-tensioners with load limiters for the front seats; emergency locking retractors for every belt; four-channel ABS, with electronic brake-force distribution and brake assist; traction control
Safety equipment (optional):Electronic Stability Program (ESP), rear side-impact airbags
Basic warranty:4 years/50,000 miles
Assembled in:Puebla, Mexico
Specifications As Tested
Model tested (MSPR):Volkswagen Jetta GLI with six-speed Direct Shift Gearbox automatic ($25,375)
Standard equipment:cloth upholstery; eight-way manually adjustable front seats; air conditioning; manual tilt and telescopic 3-spoke steering wheel; power windows with one-touch and door-key operation; center console with two cup holders, sliding armrest and power outlet; alloy interior trim; AM/FM stereo with 10 speakers and in-dash six-CD changer; Sirius satellite radio; 60/40 split folding rear seat with center armrest and pass-through; 17-inch alloy wheels; high intensity gas-discharge bi-Xenon headlights with auto-leveling, washers, and automatic operation; integrated halogen foglamps; black mesh grille with red surround trim; carpeted trunk with tie-down hooks; full-size spare wheel/tire; blue tinted glass
Options as tested (MSPR):Autobahn package ($3,020) includes heated front sport seats with partial leather upholstery, power sunroof, heated washer nozzles; 7.5x18-inch alloy wheels with 225/40R18H summer tires ($890); rear side airbags ($350)
Destination charge:$650
Gas guzzler tax:N/A
Price as tested (MSPR):$30285
Layout:front-wheel drive
Engine:2.0-liter dohc 16v turbocharged inline-4
Horsepower (lb.-ft @ rpm):200 @ 5100-6000
Torque (lb.-ft @ rpm):207 @ 1800-5000
Transmission:6-speed Direct Shift Gearbox automatic
EPA fuel economy, city/hwy:22/29 mpg
Wheelbase:101.5 in.
Length/width/height:179.3/70.1/57.4 in.
Track, f/r:60.6/59.8 in.
Turning circle:35.1 ft.
Seating Capacity:5
Head/hip/leg room, f:38.5/NA/41.2 in.
Head/hip/leg room, m:N/A
Head/hip/leg room, r:37.2/NA/35.4 in.
Cargo volume:16.0 cu. ft.
Payload:955 Lbs.
Towing capacity:N/A
Suspension, f:independent, MacPherson strut with lower A-arm, coil springs, anti-roll bar
Suspension, r:independent, four-link with separate coil springs and shocks, anti-roll bar
Ground clearance:5.4 in.
Curb weigth:3334 lbs.
Tires:225/40RY18 summer performance
Brakes, f/r:vented disc/disc with ABS, EBD and Brake Assist
Fuel capacity:14.5 gal.
Unless otherwise indicated, specifications refer to test vehicle. All prices are manufacturer's suggested retail prices (MSPR) effective as of June 10, 2008.Prices do not include manufacturer's destination and delivery charges. N/A: Information not available or not applicable. Manufacturer Info Sources: 800-374-8389 - www.vw.com
Sours: https://www.newcartestdrive.com/reviews/2008-volkswagen-jetta/

Introduction

The fifth-generation Volkswagen Jetta debuted in 2005 with generous amounts of chrome and rounded styling meant to signify a more grown-up and sophisticated car. The base S and mid-level SE trims come with a standard five-speed manual or optional six-speed automatic; the high-line SEL can only be had with the automatic. S, SE, and SEL models are powered by a 170-hp, 2.5-liter inline five-cylinder engine. The high-performance GLI and the limited-production Wolfsburg Edition come with a 200-hp, 2.0-liter turbocharged four paired with a six-speed traditional manual or a six-speed dual-clutch automated manual transmission, VW’s Direct Shift Gearbox. Underneath the sheetmetal, the Jetta is mechanically similar to the Rabbit hatchback and has a solid feel and ride combined with sporty handling.

Verdict

German-car feel without the Euro sticker shock, just like it has always been.

Click here to read our full review of the Volkswagen Jetta.

Click here to read our latest comparison test involving the Volkswagen Jetta.

What’s New for 2008

The GLI is hot stuff, but the new Wolfsburg Edition is nearly the same vehicle. Automatic climate control has left the building. The driver’s side seat has power recline standard on all trim levels.

Trim Levels

With a base price of $17,640, the Jetta S comes with plenty of standard equipment such as air conditioning, cruise control, power windows and locks, split-folding rear seats, ABS, and traction control. The $20,500 SE adds goodies such as a power sunroof, leatherette seats, heated front seats, a 10-speaker stereo with satellite radio, stability control, aluminum wheels, and a leather steering wheel. Then there’s the SEL, which starts at $23,550 and includes a multifunction trip computer, audio controls on the steering wheel, 17-inch aluminum wheels, and nicer pieces of trim inside and out. The GLI starts at $24,950, a price that nets buyers the 2.0-liter turbo four, 17-inch wheels, and a six-speed manual, as well as several less notable add-ons.

Overall, the standard equipment of the SE is a good value, but if you can keep the options to a minimum, the S is an even better buy. Our pick, however, is the Wolfsburg Edition. Starting at $21,525, it’s basically a Jetta GLI minus some sporting and luxury touches such as sport seats, a sport steering wheel, xenon headlamps, and aluminum pedals. The Wolfsburg is definitely a performance bargain, although it should be mentioned that it can’t be optioned up like a GLI.

Optional Equipment

The automatic transmission adds $1075 to the S and SE models, and the clutch-pedal-free DSG costs the same in the Wolfsburg Edition and GLI. (All SEL models are automatics.) Rear side airbags are optional on every Jetta for $350. Options on the Wolfsburg Edition are limited to the Appearance package (spoiler, rubber floor mats, and trunk liner) for $499 or mud flaps (VW calls them splash guards) for $125.

The GLI, however, can be spec’d to your heart’s content, with an Autobahn package (heated, more aggressive sport seats; heated washer nozzles; a sunroof; a stereo amp) for $3020, a $1000 sunroof, two 18-inch wheel choices ($750 or $890), and a premium audio setup ($325) among that model’s extensive options list. Otherwise, GLI add-ons mostly mirror those of the rest of the Jetta lineup.

The Jetta S, SE, and SEL offer an iPod adapter for the stereo for $199. You can also get carpet or rubber floor mats with a trunk liner for $185. Splash guards run $160, but a $279 package includes them with rubber floor mats and trunk liner. A cargo net will add $125 to the bottom line. Less essential items include a couple of different spoilers ($329 or $479), a ground-effects kit ($1650), a $2099 Sport Appearance package, and three different options for 17-inch wheels, all priced at $1350.

As the base model, the Jetta S has a lot of options and can be gussied up almost to the level of the SE with floor mats ($89), a sunroof ($1000), 16-inch aluminum wheels ($450), stability control ($450), and the Cold-Weather package that includes heated front seats ($225). There are no options unique to the SE, and the SEL and the GLI are the only models that offer an $1800 navigation system.

Safety

Dual front, side, and curtain airbags are standard on all trim levels. Rear-seat side airbags cost an extra $350. Anti-lock brakes and traction control are standard. Stability control is standard on SE, SEL, Wolfsburg, and GLI models and available for $450 on the S. All three rear-seat passengers get three-point seatbelts and headrests.

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Sours: https://www.caranddriver.com/reviews/a15143584/2008-volkswagen-jetta-review/
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Sours: https://www.motortrend.com/cars/volkswagen/jetta/2008/
2008 Volkswagen Jetta Test Drive

Volkswagen Jetta

Acceleration Acceleration Acceleration tests are conducted on a smooth, flat pavement straightaway at the track. Time, speed, and distance measurements are taken with a precise GPS-based device that’s hooked to a data-logging computer.

0 to 60 mph 0 to 60 mph (sec.) The time in seconds that a vehicle takes to reach 60 mph from a standstill with the engine idling.

Transmission Transmission Transmission performance is determined by shifting smoothness, response, shifter action, and clutch actuation for manual transmissions.

Braking Braking The braking rating is a composite of wet and dry stopping distances and pedal feel. Braking distance is from 60 mph, with no wheels locked.

Emergency Handling Emergency Handling Several factors go into the rating, including the avoidance maneuver speed and confidence, as well as how the vehicle behaves when pushed to its limit.

Sours: https://www.consumerreports.org/cars/volkswagen/jetta/2008/overview/

Jetta 2008 vw

2008 VolkswagenJetta Pricing and Specs

Compare 4 Jetta trims and trim families below to see the differences in prices and features.

Trim Family Comparison

S

View 1 Trims

Features

  • 2.5L I-5 Engine
  • 5-spd man w/OD Transmission
  • 170 @ 5,700 rpm Horsepower
  • 177 @ 4,250 rpm Torque
  • front-wheel Drive type
  • driveline Traction control
  • 16" steel Wheels
  • front air conditioning, Climatic manual
  • AM/FM stereo, seek-scan Radio
  • keyfob (all doors) Remote keyless entry
  • Heated mirrors
  • premium cloth Seat trim
  • driver and passenger Lumbar support

SE

View 1 Trims

Additional or replacing features on S

  • ABS and driveline Traction control
  • 1st row regular express open/close sliding and tilting glass Sunroof
  • 16" silver aluminum Wheels
  • driver and front passenger heated-cushion, heated-seatback Heated front seats
  • SIRIUS AM/FM/Satellite, seek-scan Radio
  • leatherette Seat trim

Wolfsburg Edition

View 1 Trims

Additional or replacing features on SE

  • 2.0L I-4 Engine
  • 6-spd man w/OD Transmission
  • 200 @ 5,100 rpm Horsepower
  • 207 @ 1,800 rpm Torque
  • 17" silver aluminum Wheels

SEL

View 1 Trims

Additional or replacing features on Wolfsburg Edition

  • 2.5L I-5 Engine
  • 6-spd auto w/OD Transmission
  • 170 @ 5,700 rpm Horsepower
  • 177 @ 4,250 rpm Torque
Show More
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2008 VOLKSWAGEN JETTA 2.0FSI AUTOMATIC SEDAN 46,000KM NBG95T @ BCC

Volkswagen Jetta

Small family car manufactured by Volkswagen

See also: Jetta (marque)

Motor vehicle

The Volkswagen Jetta (About this soundlisten (help·info)) is a compact car/small family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen since 1979. Positioned to fill a sedan niche above the firm's Golfhatchback, it has been marketed over seven generations, variously as the Atlantic, Vento, Bora, City Jetta, Jetta City, GLI, Jetta, Clasico, and Sagitar (in China).

The Jetta has been offered in two- and four-door saloon / sedan, and five-door wagon / estate versions – all as four- or five-seaters. Since the original version in 1980, the car has grown in size and power with each generation.[1] By mid-2011, almost 10 million Jettas have been produced and sold all over the world. As of April 2014, Volkswagen marketed over 14 million, becoming its top selling model.[2]

Nameplate etymology[edit]

Numerous sources note that the Jetta nameplate derives from the Atlantic 'jet stream' during a period when Volkswagen named its vehicles after prominent winds and currents (e.g., the Volkswagen Passat (after the German word for trade wind), Volkswagen Bora (after bora), and Volkswagen Scirocco (after sirocco).[3]

A 2013 report by former VW advertising copywriter Bertel Schmitt, said that — after consulting VW sources including Dr. Carl Hahn, former Volkswagen of America Chief and W.P. Schmidt, former sales chief at Volkswagen — no evidence suggested Volkswagen employed a naming theme for its front-drive, water-cooled vehicles; nor was there evidence the names derived from a theme; nor that a naming system "was ever announced, either officially or confidentially."[4]

First generation (A1, Type 16; 1979)[edit]

Volkswagen Jetta 2-door (Germany)

Main article: Volkswagen Jetta (A1)

Although the Golf reached considerable success in the North American markets, Volkswagen observed the hatchback body style lacked some of the appeal to those who preferred the traditional three-box configuration. The styling of the 1970 AMC Gremlin was controversial for truncating the Hornet sedan, but Volkswagen stylists reversed the process by essentially grafting a new trunk onto the tail of the Golf to produce a larger Jetta saloon.[5] The Jetta became the best-selling European car in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.[6][7] The car was also popular in Europe, including the United Kingdom, Germany, and Turkey.[8]

The Jetta was introduced to the world at the 1979 Frankfurt Auto Show.[9] Production of the first generation began in August 1979[10] at the Wolfsburg plant.[11] In Mexico, the Mark 1 was known as the "Volkswagen Atlantic".

The car was available as a two-door sedan (replacing the aging rear-engined, rear-wheel driveVolkswagen Beetle 2-door sedan in the United States and Canada) and four-door sedan body styles, both of which shared a traditional three-box design. Like the Volkswagen Golf Mk1, its angular styling was penned at ItalDesign, by Giorgetto Giugiaro. Styling differences could be found depending on the market. In most of the world, the car was available with composite headlamps, while in the US, it was only available with rectangular sealed beam lamps due to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108 (FMVSS 108). The suspension setup was identical to the Golf and consisted of a MacPherson strut setup in front and a twist-beam rear suspension. It shared its 2,400 mm (94.5 in) wheelbase with its hatchback counterpart, although overall length was up by 380 millimetres (15 in). The capacity of the luggage compartment was 377 litres (13.3 ft3), making the Jetta reasonably practical.[12] To distinguish the car from the Golf, interiors were made more upscale in all markets.[13] This included velour seating and color coordinated sill to sill carpeting.

Engine choices varied considerably depending on the local market. Most were based on 827 engines of the era. Choices in petrol engines ranged from a 1.1 litre four-cylinder engine producing 37 kW (50 hp; 50 PS), to a 1.8-litre I4 which made 82 kW (110 hp; 111 PS) and 150 newton-metres (111 lbf⋅ft) of torque. Some cars were equipped with carburetors, while others were fuel-injected using K or KE Jetronic supplied by Robert Bosch GmbH. Diesel engine choices included a 1.6-litre making 37 kilowatts (50 hp; 50 PS) and a turbocharged version of the same engine which produced 51 kilowatts (68 hp; 69 PS) and 130 newton-metres (96 lbf⋅ft) of torque.

Volkswagen briefly considered producing the Jetta in a plant located in Sterling Heights, Michigan in the US.[14] However, due to declining sales in North America, the decision was postponed and abandoned in 1982.[15]The site was subsequently sold to Chrysler in 1983 and was in operation as of 2009[update].[16] This generation was also produced in SFR Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, under the joint venture Tvornica Automobila Sarajevo (TAS) for the Balkan area.[17]

Second generation (A2, Typ 20E/1G; 1984)[edit]

Volkswagen Jetta 4-door (USA)

Main article: Volkswagen Jetta (A2)

The Mark 2 series is the longest-running Jetta so far. Introduced to Europe in early 1984 and to North America in 1985, the second generation Jetta proved to be a sales success for Volkswagen. The car secured the title of best-selling European car in North America, Farmer's Journal COTY 1991, and outsold the similar Golf by two-to-one in that market.[18] Based on the all-new second-generation Golf platform, the car was larger, heavier, and could seat five people instead of four as in the Mark 1. Exterior dimensions increased in all directions. Overall length was up by 100 mm (3.9 in), the wheelbase grew 66 mm (2.6 in), and the width went up 53 mm (2.1 in). The suspension setup was basically unchanged from the first generation, although refined slightly, for example by the inclusion of a separate subframe for mounting the front control arms to help noise isolation, as well as improved rubber mountings for all components. Aerodynamics improved considerably, with a drag coefficient of 0.36.[19] With a 470-litre (16.6 ft3) luggage compartment, the trunk had grown nearly as large as some full-sized American sedans.[20] Interior room was also increased 14%, which changed the EPA class from sub-compact to compact.

Cars built in Germany were assembled in a brand new (at the time) plant at Wolfsburg in Assembly Hall 54. The plant was heavily robotised in an effort to make build quality more consistent.[21] New innovations on the second generation included an optional trip computer (referred to as the MFA, German Multi-Funktions-Anzeige), as well as silicone dampened engine and transmission mounts to reduce noise, vibration, and harshness levels. In 1988, a more advanced fully electronic fuel injection system became available. This arrangement is known as the Digifant engine management system.

Like the Mark 1, the second generation was offered as a two-door or four-door sedan. External changes throughout the series' run were few: the front-quarter windows were eliminated in 1988 (along with a grille and door trim change), and larger body-colored bumpers and lower side skirts were added from 1990.

In 2007, Volkswagen of America held a contest to find the diesel-powered Volkswagen with the highest distance traveled on the original engine.[22] The winning car was a 1986 Jetta Turbodiesel found in Blue Rock, Ohio which had 562,000 miles (904,000 km).[23] A local dealer verified the odometer reading. Notable on this particular car was that it also had the original muffler despite being located in an area subject to road salt in the winter.

Third generation (A3, Typ 1H; 1992)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Vento (A3)

For the third generation, the Jetta name was discontinued, and it was officially renamed the Volkswagen Vento in European countries, following the precedent of naming cars after winds, debuted in 1992. The Jetta 3 debuted in North America in 1993 after production delays and quality problems at the Volkswagen plant in Puebla, Mexico.[24] The name "Vento" means "wind" in both Portuguese and Italian. It went on sale in most of Europe in the first quarter of the year, though it did not arrive on the British market until September 1992.

Because of the success of the second generation in North America, Volkswagen decided to keep the Jetta nameplate. However, in Europe the car was given its new name to appeal to a younger market.[25]

Styling was penned by a design team led by Herbert Schafer, and again the car became more aerodynamic than the previous generation. Although visually similar to the Mark 2, there were many refinements underneath. The two-door model was dropped, aerodynamics were improved, with the car now having a drag coefficient of 0.32.[26] This included a new structure which now met worldwide crash standards.[27] Suspensions were an evolutionary rather than revolutionary refinement of the setup on previous editions, and mainly consisted of a wider track, and even maintaining backwards compatibility with older models. In addition, the car became more environmentally friendly with the use of recycled plastics, CFC-free air conditioning systems, and paint that did not contain heavy metals.[28]

This generation of the car is widely credited for keeping Volkswagen from pulling out of the North American market.[24][29] At the time of its introduction in 1993, Volkswagen of America's sales hit a low not seen since the 1950s. The division sold only 43,902 cars in that year. Sales began slowly due to the aforementioned issues at the Puebla plant.[30] However, sales rebounded dramatically in the following years, mostly based on the strength of the Jetta, which continued to be the best-selling Volkswagen in the USA.[31]

Fourth generation (A4, Typ 1J; 1999)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Bora

Production of the fourth generation car began in July 1999.[32] Carrying on the wind nomenclature, the car was known as the Volkswagen Bora in much of the world. Bora is a winter wind which blows intermittently over the coast of the Adriatic Sea, as well as in parts of Greece, Russia, Turkey, and in the Sliven region of Bulgaria. In North America and South Africa, the Jetta moniker was again kept on due to the continued popularity of the car in those markets.

The Mk4 debuted shortly after its larger sibling, the Passat, with which it shared many styling cues. The rounded shape and arched roofline served as the new Volkswagen styling trademark, abandoning traditional sharp creases for more curved corners. A distinguishing feature of the Mk4 is its Whiptenna, a trademark for the antenna on the rear end of the roof, which claims to incur less drag than traditional antennas due to its short length and leeward position. For the first time, the rear passenger doors differed from those of a 5-door Golf. The car was also offered as an estate/wagon (whose rear doors are also non-interchangeable with the others). New on this generation was some advanced options such as rain sensor-controlled windshield wipers and automatic climate control. However, these were expensive extras and many buyers did not specify them on their cars; as a result, the used market has many sparsely equipped models.

Although slightly shorter overall than the Mark 3, the fourth generation saw the wheelbase extended slightly. Some powertrain options were carried over. Nevertheless, two new internal combustion engines were offered, the 1.8-litre turbo 4-cylinder (often referred to as the 1.8 20vT), and the VR6. The suspension setup remained much as before. However, it was softened considerably in most models to give a comfortable ride, which was met with some criticism as it was still quite hard in comparison with rivals such as vehicles offered from French carmakers.[33]

Fifth generation (A5, Typ 1K5; 2005)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Jetta (A5)

The fifth-generation debuted at the Los Angeles Auto Show on 5 January 2005. After the New Beetle, it was the second Volkswagen product to make its world debut at a U.S. auto show.[34] The Mark 5 sedan went on sale in the USA prior to any other country, reflecting the importance of the car in that market for Volkswagen.[35]

The fifth generation is marketed as the Jetta in most markets; as Bora in Mexico and Colombia; Vento in Argentina and Chile; and as the Sagitar in China.[36][37][38] The Mark 5 is 170 millimetres (6.7 in) longer, 30 millimetres (1.2 in) wider, and has a 70 millimetres (2.8 in) longer wheelbase than the previous iteration. Interior room has increased from 2.46 cubic metres (87 cu ft) to 2.58 cubic metres (91 cu ft). In particular, rear legroom was increased by 65 millimetres (2.6 in) over the fourth generation. Luggage compartment volume is up to 453 litres (16 cu ft). One major change is the introduction of the first multi-linkindependent rear suspension in a Jetta. The design of the rear suspension has a strong resemblance to the one found in the Ford Focus.[39] Volkswagen reportedly hired engineers from Ford who designed the suspension on the Focus.[33]

Styling included a new chrome front grille, first seen on the Volkswagen Golf Mk5 R32, which has spread to other models.[40] Some critics appreciated the new styling, whilst others dismissed it as just as bland as the 4th generation.[41][42]

It is manufactured in the largest volumes in Mexico. VW spent US$800 million to upgrade its Puebla facilities for this model's production. This included a US$290 million new engine production line for the 5-cylinder power plant, a US$50 million investment in the press shop, as well as a US$200 million purchase of 460 robots, which increased automation by 80%. Final A5 assembly also took place also in China and South Africa for those markets.[43] Like initial production of the second generation in China, the Asian and African plants build the car from a complete knock down (CKD) kit shipped from the factory in Puebla. Local assembly in Kaluga, Russia, started in early 2008.[44] Production also began in India in 2008 at the Škoda factory in Aurangabad.[45][46]

Sixth generation (A6, Typ 5C6; 2010)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Jetta (A6)

The sixth-generation Volkswagen Jetta, known as the NCS (New Compact Sedan) during its development, was announced in the North American market on 16 June 2010.[47] The A6 Jetta marked the departure from being a sedan derivative of the Golf, opting for a dedicated bodywork. It is partly based on the PQ35 platform shared with the Golf Mk6. The new model was larger and less expensive to manufacture than the previous generation making the vehicle more competitive against mainstream rivals in the compact car segment as part of Volkswagen's goal of reaching sales of 800,000 units in the North American market by 2018.[48][49] The sixth generation Volkswagen Jetta was primarily designed by Volkswagen Mexico under the supervision of Volkswagen Germany.[47][50]

Volkswagen's target of increasing its North American sales removed the Jetta from the premium compact car market. This forced many cost-cutting measures to be made for the North American models, which included a lower quality trim material for the interior and the replacement of leather with leatherette as an optional seating upholstery. Leather was still available on Canadian-spec models. The North American version also lost the multi-link rear suspension of the previous generation.[51] The turbo hybrid version was unveiled in January 2012 at the North American International Auto Show, and was discontinued in 2016.

Seventh generation (A7; 2018)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Jetta (A7)

The seventh-generation 2018 (2019 in United States) Volkswagen Jetta debuted at the 2018 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan, on 14 January 2018, after Volkswagen released an exterior design sketch in December 2017. The Jetta is based on Volkswagen's MQB platform, which underpins other Volkswagen vehicles including the Volkswagen Golf and the Volkswagen Atlas.[52]

The Mk7 is larger than its predecessor, offers more interior room and has the latest generation of Volkswagen's infotainment systems, including integration of Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. Its ten-color customizable ambient interior lighting includes lighting across the dashboard and instrument panel, front and rear doors, footwells, and the gauge "rings" of a newly available fully digital instrument cluster display, marketed as the "Digital Cockpit".

As with its predecessors, production of the all-new 2019 Jetta will continue at Volkswagen's Puebla, Mexico Assembly Plant. The all-new Jetta will reach Volkswagen dealerships in the U.S. in the second quarter of 2018. A GLI model with a multi-link rear suspension is expected to come as a 2020 model. However, this new seventh-generation Jetta will not be sold in the European market.

The Chinese-spec long-wheelbase Volkswagen Sagitar was launched on January 19, 2019 both in Beijing and Shanghai; it is about 50 mm longer than the U.S.-spec model, and is equipped with independent suspension.[53] This is an attempt to occupy the more upscale market than the Volkswagen Lavida built by SAIC-VW, which share similar looks. Production continues in the FAW-VW Chengdu plant.[54]

Moving to 2022, the facelifted Volkswagen Jetta was revealed in Chicago. Bearing an updated look and design, the new C-segment sedan also gains added kit and a new engine. The 1.5 litre turbo four-cylinder replaces the long-serving 1.4 TSI. As for the GLI, it retains the EA888 2.0 litre four-cylinder turbo from the Golf GTI.[55]

Alternative-propulsion cars[edit]

In 2001, at the 18th International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition in Berlin, Volkswagen released two environmentally friendly cars: the Bora HyMotion and the Bora Electric.

The Bora HyMotion was a hydrogen powered Mark 4 with a 75 kW fuel cell that could accelerate from 0 to 97 km/h (60 mph) in 12.5 seconds. With a 49-litre tank of cryogenically stored hydrogen, it had a range of 350 km (220 mi). Top speed was 140 km/h (87.0 mph).[56]

In 2002, Volkswagen, along with Paul Scherrer Institute released another hydrogen-powered car called the Bora Hy.Power. The car was powered by hydrogen compressed to a pressure of 320 bar (4600 psi). It had ratings very similar to the HyMotion; with a 75 kW (101 hp) power source. A special feature of the car was a 60-kilowatt supercapacitor which could boost power when needed and also recover energy when coasting.[57]

Volkswagen had considered producing a mild hybrid version of the fifth-generation mainly for the North American market but never produced it.[58] In 2013 Volkswagen produced a turbocharged full hybrid sixth generation offering for the North American market.

Biofuels[edit]

Wagon being fueled with biodiesel

Volkswagen released a Jetta MultiFuel in 1991, at first to the governments of the state of California and New York, and then for limited retail sale in those states to the public. They are an early example of an E85 vehicle, burning a mixture of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline. These Jettas can still be found on U.S. roads.

Volkswagen also released a Bora TDI which was powered by SunFuel, a synthetic fuel developed in partnership with Royal Dutch Shell.[59] The company also displayed Bora TDI powered by SunDiesel that Volkswagen also developed with DaimlerChrysler along with Choren Industries.[60]

Use of the two most popular blends of biodiesel that are mostly biodiesel, B80 and B100, is not recommended in 2009 and 2010 US TDI engines.[citation needed]

In Brazil, until 2015, the Jetta was sold with the 2.0 L flex-fuel (marketed as "Total Flex") engine in Trendline and Comfortline trims. It could run on either E100 or Petrol. From 2016 model year onwards, the 2.0 L flex-fuel was replaced by the 1.4 L TSI turbocharged engine from EA211 family, that runs exclusively on petrol.[61]

Electric vehicle[edit]

In the early 1980s, Volkswagen released a limited production electric Jetta called the Jetta CityStromer. It featured a 24.8 hp (18.5 kW) powertrain (later 37.5 hp (28 kW)), with a range of 190 km (250 km in the later version).[62]

The second concept vehicle was called the Bora Electric. It had a power rating that varied according to the operating conditions. The Bora Electric could accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in 10 seconds with a range of 160 km. It was powered by a Lithium-ion battery. It was noted that its chance of success was limited in the marketplace given the high cost of the electric drive system.[63]

Awards and recognition[edit]

In November 2008 the VW Jetta TDI (clean diesel) won the 2009 Green Car of the Year awarded by Green Car Journal.[64] As a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal the award was rescinded.[65]

Motorsport[edit]

From 2008 through 2010, Volkswagen and the Sports Car Club of America hosted the Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup, using factory prepared 2009 Jetta TDIs.

For the 2010 SCCA World Challenge season, Irish Mike's Racing is campaigning GLIs in the touring car class. Todd Buras won rounds 1 and 2 at the Grand Prix of St. Petersburg[66] and round 10 at Virginia International Raceway[67] while Chip Herr won round 4 at Mosport.[68]

Recalls[edit]

On 30 September 2011, Volkswagen of America announced a recall involving 2009–2012 Jetta and Jetta Sportwagen models with the 2.0L TDI engine; this recall pointed to a resonance condition with the number 2 fuel injector line and the fuel injector pulses, causing small cracks in the line which could leak.[69]

Volkswagen emissions violations recall[edit]

In September 2015, it was discovered that some Volkswagen TDIs had exceeded the United States legal emissions limits. These emissions violations, which would later be referred to as Volkswagen's "emissionsgate" or "dieselgate", affected the 2.0 L TDI diesel engines (the engines from 2008 that would later be in the Volkswagen TDIs in North America).[70]

Use in China[edit]

The Jetta has been built and produced in China since December 1991 by FAW-VW, and the Jetta name itself has been used by FAW-Volkswagen as a new automotive brand starting in 2019.

Jetta A2 (1991–2013)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Jetta (China)

The first known Jetta was the A2 model that was used as a passenger car and a taxicab.

The A2 was then given a facelift in April 1997 where it was known as the Jetta King. Available engines were a 1.6 litre petrol engine called the EA113 for civilian cars and a 1.9 litre diesel engine only available for taxi models. A 4-speed manual gearbox was standard, which could be replaced by a 5-speed manual gearbox, and then a 4-speed automatic gearbox was made available from November 1998. For 2002, the Jetta King was facelifted with a new exterior. Trim levels consisted of the AT, ATF, Avantgarde, CDX, CiF, CiX, CT, GDF, GiF, GT, GTI, GTX and Meeresbrise. This model was also converted into a 2-door pickup truck in limited numbers.

The A2 was facelifted again in March 2010 with the same engines used by its predecessor; it was known as the Jetta Pioneer. This version of the Jetta was not offered in different trim levels and was a single model for the Chinese market. A2-based Jetta production ended in March 2013 where it was replaced by an independent model using the Volkswagen Group A05+ platform.

According to website Carsalesbase.com, FAW Volkswagen's Jetta A2 model sold over 2.4 million cars.[71]

Volkswagen Jetta (China)

Volkswagen Jetta King (China)

Volkswagen Jetta King minor facelift (China)

Volkswagen Jetta Pioneer (China)

Bora A4 (2001–present)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Bora (China)

The second known Jetta was the A4 model sold under the Bora name which commenced production in December 2001. It was given a facelift in 2006 and was available with the 1.6 and 1.8 litre EA113 petrol engine and a 1.9 litre diesel engine. A 5-speed manual was available alongside a 4-speed automatic transmission. A hatchback version was known as the Bora HS and was a badged Volkswagen Golf Mk4. Production for the first generation Bora ended in 2006 while the Bora HS ended production in 2008.

The Bora was facelifted in 2007 with two new engines, a 1.4 litre turbo and a 1.6, under the EA111 name. A 5-speed and 6-speed manual was standard alongside a 7-speed dual-clutch automatic gearbox. Production ended in 2015.

The third generation Bora commenced production in 2015 for the 2016 model year with a new exterior and interior. 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 litre engines were standard paired to 5- and 6-speed manual and a 7-speed dual-clutch automatic gearbox. This generation is still available as of May 2019 as the Bora Classic with three trim levels.

The fourth generation Bora was produced since April 2018 and used Volkswagen's MQB platform. 1.4 and 1.5 litre engines were standard paired to a 6-speed manual and 7-speed dual-clutch automatic gearbox.

According to website Carsalesbase.com, FAW Volkswagen's Bora model sold over 2.6 million cars as of 2019.[72]

Volkswagen Bora (MK1)

Volkswagen Bora (MK2)

Volkswagen Bora (MK2) facelift

Volkswagen Bora (MK3)

Volkswagen Bora (MK4)

Sagitar (2006–present)[edit]

The third known Jetta example was known as the Sagitar and has been produced since April 2006. The Sagitar name was used for the International Jetta as FAW-Volkswagen already used the Jetta name on one of its models.

For the Mk1 Sagitar, a 1.6 litre engine was standard alongside a 1.8 litre turbo and 2 litre engine. The 2.0 litre was removed in 2009 to make way for a 1.4-litre turbocharged engine. Available gearboxes were a 5-speed manual, 6-speed automatic, and 7-speed dual-clutch automatic transmission.

The Mk2 Sagitar entered the market in March 2012. The Sagitar was available with the 1.4 litre turbo and 1.6 litre engine paired with a 5-speed manual gearbox for both engines, a 6-speed automatic gearbox for 1.6 models, and a 7-speed dual-clutch automatic for 1.4 models. 1.8 TSI models were available for 2014 followed by the 2.0 litre TSI for 2016 and 1.2 TSI for 2017 and 2018. The 2.0 litre TSI engine and 6-speed DSG combination are standard on Sagitar GLi models while the 1.4 litre turbo with the 7-speed dual-clutch gearbox is available on Sagitar R-Line models. The Mk2 Sagitar ended production in September 2019.

Its successor, the Mk3 Sagitar was launched in January 2019. A 1.4 and 1.5 litre EA211 engine was standard paired to a 5 speed manual and 6-speed automatic gearbox.

According to Carsalesbase.com, the Sagitar has had 2.8 million units sold in China as of 2019.[73]

Volkswagen Sagitar MK1

Volkswagen Sagitar MK2

Volkswagen Sagitar MK3

New Jetta/Jetta VA3 (2013–present)[edit]

The Volkswagen New Jetta was introduced in March 2013 replacing the Chinese built A2 model and is a China-built exclusive. The New Jetta was paired with two new Volkswagen engines under the codename EA211 with displacements of 1.4 litres and 1.6 litres respectively. The EA211 firstly made its debut in the fifth generation Volkswagen Santana in 2012. For horsepower ratings, the 1.4 litre unit produced 66 kilowatts (88 horsepower), while the latter produced 81 kilowatts (108 horsepower). Transmission options consist of a 5 speed manual or a 6 speed automatic. Trim levels were known as Avantgarde (时尚), Comfortline (舒适) and Luxury (豪华) and pricing in 2013 ranged between 82,800 yuan and 119,300 yuan ($12,820 to $18,470 US - February 2021 exchange rate).[74]

The New Jetta was given a facelift in 2017 with a new front and rear design and a brand new 1.5 litre engine producing 82 kilowatts (110 horsepower). A 7 speed dual clutch gearbox comes standard for the 230TSI model. To differentiate this version with 2013 type, the selling name was branded as "New Jetta 2017" (in Chinese: “新捷达2017款”). Production for the New Jetta ended in March 2020.[75] According to Carsalesbase.com, the new Jetta model achieved 1.9 million units sold.

A new car marque was launched in China in February 2019 known as Jetta and one of the models, the Jetta VA3 is a facelifted and rebadged New Jetta. According to pictures found on Chinese car website Autohome, the Jetta VA3 was to be powered by two engines, a 1.4 litre turbo and the 1.5 litre naturally aspirated EA211 four cylinder engine.[76] The VA3 was officially listed in September 2019 and the 1.5 litre EA211 is available paired to a 5 speed manual and 6 speed automatic gearbox. Pricing ranges between 65,800 and 92,800 yuan with 4 trim levels (10,185 and US$13,365 - February 2021 exchange rate).[77] According to Carsalesbase.com, the Jetta VA3 model sold 12,384 cars in 2019 and 42,376 in 2020.[78]

Jetta II (2013-2017) front

Jetta II (2013-2017) rear

Volkswagen Jetta II facelift (2017-2020) front

Jetta II (2017-2020) rear

Jetta VA3 (2019-present) front

Jetta VA3 (2019-present) rear

Sales[edit]

Year U.S.[79]Canada[80]Europe China
Bora[81]Jetta[82]Jetta[83]Jetta VA3[84]Sagitar[85]
1980 8,157
1981 24,773
1982 21,561
1983 19,154
1984 36,636
1985 82,883
1986 92,875
1987 67,284
1988 61,058
1989 55,145
1990 57,935
1991 37,751
1992 29,907
1993 14,583
1994 55,688
1995 75,393
1996 85,022
1997 90,984 43,869
1998 89,311 60,085
1999 130,054 97,805 75,566
2000 144,853 91,609 94,147
2001 145,221 73,228 94,437
2002 145,604 64,260 106,210
2003 117,867 44,155 143,134
2004 91,790 34,217 23 153,916
2005 104,063 17,239 13,868 152,487
2006 103,331 48,829 183,821 35,159
2007 98,951 40,403 200,530 65,028
2008 97,461 25,186 202,303 75,456
2009 108,427 22,976 224,857 98,712
2010 123,213 19,466 224,523 112,887
2011 177,360 37,121 218,864 127,555
2012 170,424 26,904 19,169 242,528 196,293
2013 163,793 30,413 14,693 263,408 271,188
2014 160,873 31,924 9,675 296,961 300,082
2015 131,109 27,719 10,414 274,932 279,887
2016 121,107 20,954 8,947 348,437 341,331
2017 115,807 17,483 6,906 317,637 327,062
2018 90,805 15,129 4,190 327,685 309,902
2019 100,453 17,260 84 105,163 12,384 307,323
2020 82,662 10,552 19 10 42,376 299,839

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  5. ^Vack, Peter (1993). Illustrated Volkswagen Buyer's Guide. Osceola, Wisconsin USA: Motorbooks International. p. 124. ISBN .
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  18. ^Robson, p. 182
  19. ^Smith, David C. (December 1984). "Golf, Jetta much improved and, with them, VWA's hopes". Ward's Auto World.
  20. ^"Consumer Reports". February 1986: 124.
  21. ^Robson, p. 186
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External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volkswagen_Jetta

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