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Aladdin (2019 film)

2019 film by Walt Disney Pictures directed by Guy Ritchie

Aladdin is a 2019 American musicalfantasy film produced by Walt Disney Pictures. Directed by Guy Ritchie, from a script he co-wrote with John August, it is a live-action/CGI adaptation of Disney's 1992 animated film of the same name, which itself is based on the eponymous tale from One Thousand and One Nights.[1][a] The film stars Will Smith, Mena Massoud, Naomi Scott, Marwan Kenzari, Navid Negahban, Nasim Pedrad, Billy Magnussen, and Numan Acar, as well as the voices of Alan Tudyk and Frank Welker, the latter of whom reprises his roles from all previous media. The plot follows Aladdin, a street urchin, as he falls in love with Princess Jasmine, befriends a wish-granting Genie, and battles the wicked Jafar.

In October 2016, Disney announced Ritchie would direct a live-action Aladdin remake. Smith was the first member of the cast to join, signing on to portray Genie in July 2017, and Massoud and Scott were confirmed for the two lead roles later that month. Principal photography began that September at Longcross Studios in Surrey, England, also filming in the Wadi Rum Desert in Jordan, and lasted until January 2018. Additional filming and pick-ups took place in August 2018.

Aladdin was theatrically released in the United States on May 24, 2019. It grossed over $1 billion worldwide, becoming the ninth-highest-grossing film of 2019. The film received mixed reviews from critics, with praise for its music, costume design, and the performances of Smith, Massoud, and Scott, but criticism for Ritchie's direction, the CGI, and Kenzari's performance as Jafar. A sequel is in development.[7]


Aladdin, a street urchin in the Arabian city of Agrabah, and his monkey Abu meet Princess Jasmine, who has snuck away from her sheltered life in the palace. Jasmine wishes to succeed her father as Sultan, but is instead expected to marry one of her royal suitors, including the charming yet dimwitted Prince Anders. Jafar, the grand vizier, schemes to overthrow the Sultan and seeks a magic lamp hidden in the Cave of Wonders, but only "the diamond in the rough" can enter the cave.

Jafar's pet parrot Iago spots Aladdin and Abu sneaking into the royal palace and visiting Jasmine. Aladdin is then captured by Jafar. He offers to make Aladdin rich enough to impress Jasmine in exchange for retrieving the lamp, and warns him to take nothing else. Inside the cave, Aladdin frees a magic carpet and finds the lamp, but Abu cannot resist touching some treasure and causes the cave to collapse. Aladdin gives the lamp to Jafar, who double crosses and kicks him and Abu into the cave, but Abu steals the lamp back.

Trapped in the cave, Aladdin rubs the lamp, unwittingly summoning the omnipotent Genie inside, who explains that he has the power to grant Aladdin three wishes. Aladdin gets them out of the cave without using a wish on a technicality: he did not rub the lamp in the first place as he stated the wish. Determined to woo Jasmine, he uses his official first wish to become a prince, and promises to use his third wish to free the Genie from servitude and turn him human.

Aladdin makes an extravagant arrival at Agrabah as Prince Ali of Ababwa, but struggles to impress Jasmine. Posing as Aladdin's human attendant, the Genie is mutually smitten with Dalia, Jasmine's handmaiden. Aladdin and Jasmine bond when he takes her on a ride on the magic carpet. Tricked into revealing his true identity, he lies to her, saying that he actually is a prince and dressed like a peasant to explore Agrabah.

Jafar discovers Aladdin's identity and throws him into the palace moat, knowing that if he survives, it will prove he has the lamp. The Genie saves Aladdin, at the cost of his second wish. Aladdin returns to the palace and destroys Jafar's magic staff, ending his spell over the Sultan and exposing his plot. Jafar is then arrested and imprisoned in the dungeons. The Sultan allows Aladdin to marry Jasmine; Aladdin decides to save his final wish, aware that he will lose Jasmine if the truth unfolds, causing the Genie to feel betrayed.

Freed by Iago, Jafar steals the lamp and becomes the Genie's new master. He uses his first wish to become sultan, but Jasmine reminds the palace guards of their true loyalty, turning them against Jafar. Using his second wish to become the world's most powerful sorcerer, Jafar exposes Aladdin, exiles him and Abu to a frozen wasteland, imprisons the guards and Jasmine's pet tiger Rajah, and then threatens to kill the Sultan and Dalia unless Jasmine agrees to marry him. At the wedding, Jasmine swipes the lamp and tries to escape with Aladdin and Abu, who were rescued by the magic carpet. Chased by Iago, whom Jafar briefly transforms into a giant, they are recaptured, destroying the magic carpet in the process.

Aladdin taunts Jafar for being second in power to the Genie, goading him into using his last wish to become "the most powerful being in the universe", and the Genie transforms Jafar into an even more powerful genie. This traps Jafar inside his own lamp, dragging Iago with him, and the Genie banishes them to the Cave of Wonders. Aladdin keeps his promise and uses his last wish to free the Genie, allowing him to live as a human. The Sultan crowns Jasmine the new sultana-regnant, no longer bound to marry a prince, and she and Aladdin marry. The Genie marries Dalia and they start a family and explore the world together, becoming the Mariner who is telling his children the story about Aladdin in the beginning of the movie.


Main article: List of Disney's Aladdin characters

  • Will Smith as Genie / Mariner:
    A comical and kindly jinn who has the power to grant three wishes to whoever possesses his magic lamp. Smith said that he was "terrified" while playing the character, but that "[he] found a lane that pays homage" to Robin Williams' performance in the original animated film, while still making the role "[his] own thing."[8] Smith described the character as "both a trickster and a mentor," who tries "to guide Aladdin to the truth of the greatness that's already within him."[1] Smith physically portrays the character when he is in the guise of a human, while his giant blue genie form is CGI, portrayed through motion-capture performance.[9][10]
  • Mena Massoud as Aladdin:
    An impoverished but kind-hearted Agrabah thief and street urchin who is in love with Princess Jasmine. Massoud said that Aladdin "sees a future for himself that's greater than what's been set out for him at the present moment. He doesn't know exactly what it is or how he's going to get there, but he knows it is out there," and felt the character is very selfless and usually does things for other people, but as he falls in love he loses himself a little bit and starts to become someone that he's not. But he's a good person with good intentions and has good people surrounding him who lead him back to where he's supposed to be."[1]
  • Naomi Scott as Jasmine:
    The Sultan's daughter and the feisty princess of Agrabah who wants to have a say in how she lives her life and falls in love with Aladdin. Scott said that the character "will be strong and have fun, but also get it wrong and be emotional. She's a multidimensional woman, and she does not have to just be one thing. So in this movie, you see her go on such a roller coaster, as opposed to her one goal being to escape the loneliness of royalty and find a companion." She further stated that Jasmine will try to find "the courage to speak out for her people,"[11] and said that "Jasmine wants to know what goes on in her kingdom and reconcile the distance that has been created, and Aladdin gives her the courage to do just that."[1]
  • Marwan Kenzari as Jafar:
    A nefarious, deceptive, power-hungry sorcerer and the Grand vizier of Agrabah who, frustrated with the Sultan's ways of ruling, devises a plot to overthrow him as the ruler of Agrabah by acquiring the Genie's lamp. Jafar's backstory is explored in the film, which producer Jonathan Eirich felt would make the audience "understand why he's so bad," as "that's what makes him such a good villain."[1]
  • Navid Negahban as The Sultan:
    The wise and noble ruler of Agrabah who is eager to find a capable husband for his daughter Jasmine. On playing the character, Negahban said that it was "very scary because [the Sultan] has so many followers. Lots of people grew up with that character, so they have certain expectations. It's not just an animated character. This has become a real personality, a real persona."[12] He further stated that "after I read the script, I felt that re-watching the original will pollute my vision of the live-action character. In the new Aladdin, the Sultan has more depth and is not a caricature of a father. But I will let you judge it for yourself."[13]
  • Nasim Pedrad as Dalia:
    Jasmine's loyal handmaiden and confidante. Pedrad said that Dalia has "been by Jasmine's side for years and really looks out for her". Dalia is the only new character from the main cast.
  • Billy Magnussen as Prince Anders:
    A suitor and potential husband for Jasmine from the kingdom of Skånland.[10][14]
  • Numan Acar as Hakim:
    The head of the palace guards who is loyal to the Sultan of Agrabah, as his father worked for the Sultan as a palace servant.
  • Alan Tudyk as the voice of Iago:
    Jafar's sardonic and intelligentscarlet macaw companion.[15] The film marks the first time that Gilbert Gottfried has not voiced the character. In this film, Iago is portrayed as a more realistic parrot. However, he still retains his sardonicism and loyalty to Jafar.
  • Frank Welker as the vocal effects for Abu:
    Aladdin's kleptomaniac but loyal pet Tufted capuchin.[16][17][18]

Additionally, Tayliah Blair and Jordan A. Nash respectively play Genie and Dalia's daughter and son, Lian and Omar. Also, Robby Haynes portrays Razoul, a palace guard.[19]Nina Wadia plays Zulla, a market trader who dislikes Aladdin. Wadia describes her appearance as "More of a cameo" as extra footage was needed after filming had wrapped.[20] In addition to Abu, Welker also provides the vocal effects for Jasmine's pet Bengal tigerRajah, and the voice of the Cave of Wonders, a sand guardian who guards the magic lamp from intruders and only gives to someone who's worthy, "a diamond in the rough". Out of the three roles (which he reprised from all previous media), the latter is the only one for which he receives credit.



On October 10, 2016, it was announced that Guy Ritchie would direct a live-actionAladdin film for Walt Disney Pictures, with John August writing the script and Dan Lin and Jonathan Eirich attached as producers. The studio said that the film would be "an ambitious and nontraditional" take on the tale of Aladdin that would keep the musical elements of the original film. On the nontraditional aspect, the studio had originally planned for the film to be told in a nonlinear format.[21][22]

On July 17, 2017, it was announced that Disney had hired Vanessa Taylor to polish the original screenplay by August, specifically some "character work" and what is called "script doctoring."[23] Meanwhile, Richie and the studio focused on casting the other main roles with filming slated to start in August in London.[24]

When asked about Ritchie's take on the film, Pasek & Paul described it as "very muscular and action-packed."[25][26][27]


In February 2017, Lin said that they were looking for a diverse cast and that they would not try "to make Prince of Persia."[28] A worldwide casting call for the lead roles of Aladdin and Princess Jasmine commenced in March 2017, with principal production set to take place in the UK from July 2017 until January 2018.[29] The call for the titular role included both south Asian and southwest Asian (Arab) actors, which some critics suggested was "a simplistic conflation" that signaled "an ignorance offensive to both cultures."[30] On April 19, 2017, it was reported that either Gabriel Iglesias[31] or Will Smith were in talks to play Genie, for which the latter was confirmed in July.[32][33][34] In August, Dutch actor Marwan Kenzari joined the cast as Jafar, with Nasim Pedrad cast in a newly created role as Mara, "a hand maid and friend of Jasmine" who serves as a "comic relief." Numan Acar was set to play Hakim.[35][36] The following month, Billy Magnussen joined the cast in a newly created role as Prince Anders, alongside Navid Negahban as the Sultan.[37][38]

In May 2017, Little Mix member Jade Thirlwall was in talks for the part of Princess Jasmine.[39] On July 11, 2017, it was announced that principal production on Aladdin had been pushed back by a month, to August 2017, due to struggles in finding the right actor to portray the titular role. Over 2,000 actors and actresses had auditioned for the roles of Aladdin and Jasmine, but finding a male lead of Middle Eastern or Indian descent in his 20s, who could act and sing, was seemingly difficult for the producers.[30]Naomi Scott and Tara Sutaria were the final two actresses in the running for the role of Jasmine, but neither could be cast until a chemistry test was done with whomever would be cast as Aladdin. The studio was initially interested in Dev Patel or Riz Ahmed for Aladdin, but later decided to cast a relative newcomer.[33] Achraf Koutet, Mena Massoud and George Kosturos were among the actors being tested for the role.[33] Two musical film veterans, Marc Platt (who would serve as executive producer) and Chris Montan, were consulted before a final decision was made.[33]

At the 2017 D23 Expo, on July 15, it was announced that Massoud would star as Aladdin and Scott as Jasmine, ending the four-month long open casting call.[34][40] Julie Ann Crommett, Disney's Vice President of Multicultural Engagement, said the decision to cast Scott—the daughter of an English father and a GujaratiUgandan-Indian mother—as Jasmine, reflected the mixing or association of different cultures in the broad region that consists of the Middle East, South Asia and China, all of which make up the Silk Road.[41]

In November 2017, Robby Haynes was cast as Razoul, while Frank Welker was announced to reprise his role as Abu the monkey.[42]

On December 20, 2018, Gilbert Gottfried said that he was not asked to reprise his role as Iago, Jafar's pet parrot.[43] In March 2019, it was announced that Alan Tudyk would voice the character instead.[15] In May 2019, Welker was announced as reprising his role as Rajah, Jasmine's pet tiger,[44] and the trailer had confirmed that Welker would reprise his role as the Cave of Wonders as well.


Principal photography began on September 6, 2017, at Longcross Studios in Surrey, England, and wrapped on January 24, 2018.[45][46][47][48] Part of the film was shot in Wadi Rum Desert, Jordan.[49][50]The Royal Film Commission provided support to the production during filming and assisted in facilitating logistics. Reshoots took place during August 2018.[51] The film's production sets were designed by Game of Thrones production designer Gemma Jackson.[52] The "Prince Ali" musical sequence features 1,000 dancers and extras.[53] Smith frequently improvises throughout the film. Massoud also revealed that there was a whole scene, where Prince Ali and Genie meet the royal family for the first time, that was improvised by the cast.[54]

Visual effects[edit]

The visual effects were provided by Industrial Light & Magic and supervised by Michael Mullholland, Daniele Bigi, and David Seager, with the help of Hybride Technologies, DNEG, Nzviage and Proof.[55]


In January 2018, it was reported that white extras were being applied brown make-up during filming in order to "blend in," which caused an outcry and condemnation among fans and critics, branding the practice as "an insult to the whole industry" while accusing the producers of not recruiting people with Middle-Eastern or North African heritage. Disney responded to the controversy saying, "Diversity of our cast and background performers was a requirement and only in a handful of instances when it was a matter of specialty skills, safety and control (special effects rigs, stunt performers and handling of animals) were crew made up to blend in."[56][57]

The decision to cast Billy Magnussen as an entirely new character not seen in the original film also drew criticism from fans. Some viewed the creation of his character as unnecessary, while others even accused the film of whitewashing, since Magnussen is Caucasian.[58][59] But The Washington Post pointed out that Nasim Pedrad, an actress of Iranian-American descent, also was cast as a brand new character when she was awarded the role of Jasmine's friend Mara (later renamed Dalia).[58]

Music and soundtrack[edit]

See also: Aladdin (2019 soundtrack)

Alan Menken was brought in to compose the score for the film, reprising his duties from the original animated film. Pasek & Paul wrote a new song with Menken, and several songs from the original film by Menken, Howard Ashman, and Tim Rice were featured in the remake.


Aladdin held its world premiere at the Grand Rex in Paris, France on May 8, 2019.[60][61] It was released in 3D, Dolby Cinema, IMAX 3D and 4DX by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures on May 24, 2019, replacing the original release date set for Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker. The film was originally going to be released on December 20, 2019. But on September 12, 2017, the film was moved to May 24, 2019.[62][63]

Aladdin's first regional premiere was in Jordan on May 13, 2019,[64] in the presence of Prince Ali bin Hussein and Princess Rym Ali.


Will Smith debuted the first official poster on October 10, 2018.[65] The teaser trailer was released the following day.[66] In December 2018, Entertainment Weekly offered a first official look at the cast in costume on the cover of their issue for the most anticipated films of 2019.[67] On February 10, 2019, Disney debuted a special sneak peek of the film during the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, which was met with largely negative feedback from audiences, primarily due to the quality of the CGI Genie in his blue design, created via motion capture effects.[68][69][70] The negative reception sparked a large amount of memes and Photoshop edits mocking Will Smith's appearance in the sneak peek, several of which compared it with Tobias Fünke (from Arrested Development) painted in blue in an attempt to join the Blue Man Group.[71][72] On March 12, 2019, Disney debuted a second trailer on Good Morning America. The trailer had a much more positive reception than the previous one, as it featured several songs from the original film and more of Smith not entirely in motion-capture. His CGI scenes received better notices, as well, although it was still mostly criticized by some critics when the film was released.[73][74]


A tie-in novelization of the film was published by Disney Publishing Worldwide on April 9, 2019.[75]

Home media[edit]

Aladdin was released in Digital HD for download and streaming on August 27, 2019, and was released on Ultra HD Blu-ray, Blu-ray, and DVD on September 10.[76]

Aladdin made its streaming debut on Disney+ on January 8, 2020. With the launch of Disney+Hotstar on April 3, 2020;[77] it was released in India in multiple languages.[78]

As of 22 April 2020[update], the film had earned $345 million from worldwide home entertainment and television net revenues, bringing total box office and home entertainment revenue to $1.396 billion.[79]


Box office[edit]

Aladdin grossed $356.6 million in the United States and Canada, and $695.1 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $1.051 billion, against a production budget of $183 million.[6] The film crossed the $1 billion mark on July 26, 2019, becoming the 41st film to ever reach the milestone.[80][81]Deadline Hollywood calculated the net profit of the film to be $356 million, when factoring together all expenses and revenues.[82]

In the United States and Canada, Aladdin was released alongside Booksmart and Brightburn, and was projected to gross around $80 million from 4,476 theaters over its four-day opening weekend over Memorial Day. While Disney was projecting a $75–85 million debut, some independent trackers had the film opening to as low as $65 million or as high as $100 million.[83][84] The film made $31 million on its first day, including $7 million from Thursday night previews, the second-best total of the Disney live action remakes.[85] The film ended up overperforming, grossing $91.5 million in its three-day opening weekend,[86][87][88][89] and $116.8 million over four days during the extended Memorial Day frame.[90][91][92][93] It was the third biggest opening of 2019 at the time (behind Avengers: Endgame and Captain Marvel),[94][95] and the fifth-highest Memorial Day launch ever, as well as the best debut of Ritchie's career and second best of Smith's.[90][96][97] The film then grossed $11.9 million on its fifth day, the biggest post-Memorial Day Tuesday ever.[98] In its second weekend, the film made $42.3 million, finishing second, behind newcomer Godzilla: King of the Monsters, and then made $24.7 million in its third weekend, finishing third.[99][100] It retained the third-place position at the box office during its fourth and fifth weekends with $17.3 million and $13.2 million, respectively.[101][102]

Worldwide, the film was expected to open to an additional $100–120 million, including $10–20 million in China.[103] It went on to gross $123.2 million from foreign territories in its three-day opening weekend, for an overall global debut of $214.7 million. It was the number-one film in every Latin American and Asian territory where it was released. Its biggest international openings were in China ($18.7 million), Mexico ($9.2 million), the United Kingdom ($8.4 million), Italy ($6.6 million), and South Korea ($6.5 million).[104] It also won the second best opening of 2019 in Italy, Spain,[104] Indonesia, and Vietnam.[105] In India, it debuted with ₹220 million (US$2.9 million),[106] the year's third best opening for a foreign film (behind Avengers: Endgame and Captain Marvel).[105] By Monday, the film had a global four-day launch of $255 million.[98] In its second weekend of international release the film made $78.3 million from 54 countries, remaining number one in 32 of them.[107] In its fourth international weekend, Aladdin remained number one in twenty countries.[108] By the end of June 2019, the film surpassed Independence Day (1996) to become the highest-grossing film of Will Smith's career.[109] As of 19 August 2019[update], the film's top five international markets are Japan ($110.1 million), South Korea ($90.4 million), China ($53.5 million), the United Kingdom ($46.4 million), and Mexico ($32.5 million).[110]

It topped the UK box office for four weeks.[111] In the Middle East, it had the best Ramadan opening ever in the United Arab Emirates and Jordan,[104] and went on to become the highest-grossing release of all time in the Middle East.[112] In Japan, the film debuted with $12.9 million, the year's highest opening weekend for a foreign film, surpassing Avengers: Endgame.[113] As of September 2019, it is the year's second highest-grossing film in Japan (behind Weathering with You), and one of the top 20 highest-grossing films ever in Japan.[114] In South Korea, it grossed over $82 million from over 11.4 million ticket sales as of July 2019, making it the year's third highest-grossing film and second highest-grossing foreign film in South Korea,[115] as well as the third highest-grossing foreign film ever in South Korea and the highest grossing Disney film ever (not including the MCU) in the country.[116]

Critical response[edit]

On the review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 57% based on 379 reviews with an average rating of 5.90/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Aladdin retells its classic source material's story with sufficient spectacle and skill, even if it never approaches the dazzling splendor of the animated original."[117] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 53 out of 100 based on 50 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews."[118] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale, while those at PostTrak gave it an overall positive score of 90% (with an average 4.5 stars out of 5) and a 70% "definite recommend."[90]

Writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, Richard Roeper gave the film 3 out of 4 stars, praising Smith, Scott, and Massoud's performances and calling it a "shining, shimmering live-action update."[119]Variety's Peter Debruge summarized his review with, "Will Smith steps into Robin Williams's shoes, bringing fresh attitude to the role of the Genie in Guy Ritchie's high-risk, mostly rewarding live-action remake." But he criticized Kenzari’s performance as Jafar, saying: "Dutch actor Marwan Kenzari may be a handsome alternative to the animated version’s effete vizier, with his pencil moustache and Sophia Loren eyes, but he no longer looms large enough to feel like much of a threat."[120] A Mir Fantastiki review by Yevgeniy Peklo gave the film a score of 8/10, saying it was "probably the best Disney live-action remake up to date."[121]

Despite praising the cast, William Bibbiani of TheWrap said of the film, "If you don't think about it very hard (although you probably should), the remake of Aladdin might entertain you. But you'd be a heck of a lot more entertained by watching the original film again. Or by going to a real-life parade. Or by doing some light gardening. Or by doing a crossword puzzle."[122] Chris Nashawaty of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a C+, lamenting that it did not add anything new to its 1992 animated predecessor; he felt that the film was unable to update the original's questionable Middle Eastern characterizations, but nevertheless praised the performances of Smith and Scott.[123] Mark Kennedy of the Associated Press wrote that "Guy Ritchie... was always an odd choice to helm a big Disney romantic musical and proves utterly the wrong guy here. Aladdin, in his hands, is more like The Mummy than Frozen."[124]

Critics also responded to the racial politics implied by the film's production elements and plot. Some expressed skepticism, as they had done during the casting process, about its conflation of Arab and Middle Eastern culture and "lack of specificity and care."[125] in a review in 7iber, Lamees Assaf observed that "the people and the setting looked more like India than a city in the Middle East." She also critiqued gendered and orientalist stereotypes as reified by the film, writing that "[i]n the eyes of Disney and Hollywood, the stereotypical image of the Arab girl– the belly dancer with a small waist and long hair– and the dark-skinned, jealous, and chivalrous Arab man defending and protecting his women from harm’s way, is much more attractive than actual Arabs, who are truly boring in reality."[30] The 1992 animated version received related critiques about the racialization and othering of its characters and script.[126]

Accolades, awards and nominations[edit]

"Speechless", a new original song written for Jasmine, was shortlisted for the Academy Award for Best Original Song at the 92nd Academy Awards, but was ultimately not nominated.[139][140]



On August 12, 2019, producer Lin announced his enthusiasm for a sequel and revealed that Disney is in the early stages of developing a follow-up.[141] The studio also hopes to bring back Ritchie to direct and Smith to reprise his role as The Genie while also telling a story that's "fresh and new".[142][143][144][145][146] He later stated that if they would make a sequel to Aladdin, it would not be a direct adaptation of the animated films The Return of Jafar or Aladdin and the King of Thieves but could borrow elements of them. It was also told that they would look at various sources for the sequel's story.[147] On February 12, 2020, Variety officially confirmed that a sequel is in development, with John Gatins and Andrea Berloff set to write the script. Lin and Eirich will return as producers, and Massoud, Smith, and Scott will reprise their roles. The sequel had been officialized once the producers had a good story and knew their path ahead for Aladdin 2.[148][149]

Cancelled prequel[edit]

A year before deciding to remake Aladdin, Disney made an announcement in 2015 that it would make a live-action prequel to the aforementioned film above under the title Genies. The new film was reported to focus on genies and their realm and reveal how Aladdin's genie ended up in the lamp. Writers Mark Swift and Damian Shannon were hired to write the script, while Tripp Vinson was to serve as a producer under his Vinson Films banner.[150] However, as of 2021 the film was reportedly scrapped.[151]

Spin-off film[edit]

A spin-off film focused on Prince Anders was announced in December 2019 to be in development for Disney+ with Jordan Dunn and Michael Kvamme writing the script and Magnussen reprising his role.[152] In April 2021, Magnussen stated that project was still in development and that writers Shane Andries and Chris Smith had been hired to do additional work on the script.[153]



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Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aladdin_(2019_film)

Shopbop's sale section is a thing of beauty, but it's not often that it has sitewide sales. Just a few times a year, in fact. Well, the good news is that one of those times is now, and it's the perfect opportunity to freshen up your fall wardrobe. Now through October 14, Shopbop is offering 15% off orders of $200, 20% off $500, and 25% off $800. Translation: Stocking up or springing for that pricier item you've been contemplating is recommended.

For this roundup, I found all the greatest hits: jeans, sweaters, boots, and coats, aka all the things your fall (and winter—it's coming) wardrobe needs to prep you for every type of weather to come. Shopbop has a great selection of these items, so I did my very best to narrow the offerings down for you. Read on for the jeans, sweaters, boots, and coats to buy from Shopbop—preferably while they're still on sale.


Levi'sHigh Loose Jeans ($108)

Amazing distressed jeans needn't cost a lot.

Agolde'90s Mid Rise Loose Fit Jeans ($178)

These are a Who What Wear editor favorites.

Re/DoneHigh Rise Loose Jeans ($275)

Now's your chance to get this celeb-loved style on sale.

MadewellSuper Wide Leg Full Length Rigid Jeans ($135)

Bravo on these jeans, Madewell.

BoyishZiggy High Rise Carpenter Jeans ($168)

The perfect amount of slouch.

Levi's501 Skinny Jeans ($98)

These are the type of skinny jeans fashion people wear.


Helmut LangCropped Pullover Sweater ($395)

It's like a pretty pink cloud.

525Cotton Cable Sweater With Lacing ($138)

All in the details.

StaudUrchin Sweater ($185)

Gotta love a contrasting collar.

JacquemusThe Asco Mesh Top ($555)

The sweater is jaw-dropping.

Line & DotBailey Cable Half Zip Sweater ($108)

Half-zips are currently trending. Tell a friend.

BB DakotaColors of the Wind Sweater ($99)

Such a good color combo.

LoveshackfancyFrankel Cardigan ($395)

Of course Loveshackfancy made the perfect cardigan.


Manu AtelierSquared Toe Chelsea Boots ($605)

If you can't decide which color boots to buy, these are for you.

Sam EdelmanLaguna Boots ($170)

Everyone loves these Sam Edelman Chelsea boots.

BY FARRemy Boots ($714)

The most polished Western-style boots I've ever seen.

MiistaJudy Boots ($485)

Such a good square toe.

StaudLars Boots ($450)

These are really making me want to wear sock boots again.

FryeVeronica Combat Boots ($278)

I've always loved these simple, streamlined Frye boots.


Stand StudioPaula Coat ($575)

She's cozy.

MadewellAutumn Shirt Jacket ($238)

I hear crunchy leaves when I look at this.

AjeHeirloom Coat ($795)

An investment piece you'll want to hang on to for years.

Line & DotLinda Fringe Coat ($189)

Fringe is always fun.

Free PeopleDuvet Bomber ($148)

You definitely won't regret ordering this everyday coat.

Tach ClothingOpal Jacket ($274)

Last but not least, something to quench your pretty-collar thirst.

Next up, how to do all of your fall shopping during Shopbop's big sale.

This article originally appeared on Who What Wear

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Sours: https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/25-jeans-sweaters-boots-coats-201800539.html
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Our First Look at Timothée Chalamet's Wonka Is Here, and It Is Something

Timothée Chalamet in a top hat and scarf, in costume for his upcoming Warner Bros. Wonka prequel movie.

The next Scream movie has found its frightful release date. Plus, get a glimpse of what’s to come in Batwoman, Supergirl, and Legends of Tomorrow’s 100th episode, a glimpse of what’s next on Ghosts, and Rita Farr goes time traveling on Doom Patrol. Spoilers, away!

Image for article titled Our First Look at Timothée Chalamet's Wonka Is Here, and It Is Something


Timothée Chalamet has shared the first look at himself as the young William Wonka in the upcoming prequel film.


There’s a new poster for the Scream sequel/soft reboot opening on January 14.

Image for article titled Our First Look at Timothée Chalamet's Wonka Is Here, and It Is Something

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Salma Hayek wants the world to believe the Eternals are Gods again in the latest TV spot.

The 355

Jessica Chastain assembles a team including Penelope Cruz, Fang Bingbing, Lupita Nyong’o, and Diane Kruger to carry on the legacy of George Washington’s personal spy while preventing a third world war in the trailer for The 355.


Batwoman meets a new enemy using Mr. Freeze technology in the synopsis for “Freeze” airing October 27.

LEFT OUT IN THE COLD - An unfortunate incident in downtown Gotham alerts Batwoman (Javicia Leslie) and the Bat Team that another missing trophy has made its way into the wrong hands. Meanwhile, a new member of the Jet family surfaces when Marquis Jet (Nick Creegan) makes a not-so-subtle entrance, interrupting a very personal moment between Ryan and Jada (Robin Givens). Back on the streets, cryogenics is the name of the game and Sophie (Meagan Tandy) reminds everyone she’s a badass, especially in the middle of life-threatening situations. Batwing (Camrus Johnson) must decide if he’s ready to suit up again, and at Mary’s (Nicole Kang) clinic, the Hippocratic Oath forces a strained sisterly moment between Alice (Rachel Skarsten) and the new doc. Greg Beeman directed the episode written by Nancy Kiu (#303). Original airdate 10/27/2021.

[Spoiler TV]

Legends of Tomorrow

Gideon struggles with her newfound humanity in the synopsis for “wvrdr_error_100 not found” — the 100th episode of Legends of Tomorrow.

LEGENDS OF PAST AND PRESENT IN THE 100th EPISODE - With Astra (Olivia Swann), Spooner (Lisseth Chavez) and a now-human Gideon (Amy Pemberton) trying to save the Legends, Gideon becomes overwhelmed by her new human choices sending her into a catatonic state. Astra and Spooner combine their powers to enter Gideon’s mindscape and discover that a virus is trying to erase all of Gideon’s memories. Acting fast, they devise a plan to defeat the virus before it’s too late. Meanwhile, the Legends are about to go up against a powerful new foe. Caity Lotz, Jes Macallan, Nick Zano, Tala Ashe, Shayan Sobhian and Adam Tsekham also star. Caity Lotz directed the episode written by Phil Klemmer & Matthew Maala (#703). Original airdate 10/27/2021.

[Spoiler TV]


Lex Luthor teams with Nyxly in the synopsis for “I Believe in a Thing Called Love”—the seventeenth episode of Supergirl’s final season.

LEX RETURNS - When Lex Luthor (guest star Jon Cryer) appears by Nyxly’s (Peta Sergeant) side, Supergirl (Melissa Benoist) and team must deal with the emotional fallout of facing their two biggest foes at the same time. Alex (Chyler Leigh) makes plans for the perfect proposal to Kelly (Azie Tesfai), but work keeps getting in the way.

[Spoiler TV]


Mike meets the new Johnny Thunder in the synopsis for the October 26 episode of Stargirl.

THE GREATER GOOD — With the looming threat of Eclipso (Nick Tarabay) hanging over them, Courtney (Brec Bassinger) seeks help from the unlikeliest of places. Meanwhile, Mike’s (Trae Romano) search to find Thunderbolt leads him straight to his friend Jakeem (guest star Alkoya Brunson), and Pat (Luke Wilson) goes to extreme lengths to protect Rick (Cameron Gellman). Yvette Monreal, Anjelika Washington and Amy Smart also star. Greg Beeman directed the episode written by James Dale Robinson (#212). Original airdate 10/26/2021.

[Spoiler TV]

Nancy Drew

Nancy Drew must put her feelings for Ace aside in order to investigate a series of sleeping walking-induced homicides in the synopsis “The Demon of Piper Beach.”

THE SECRETS THAT YOU KEEP – When life-threatening sleepwalking suddenly spikes in town, the Drew Crew races to protect everyone from the supernatural threat that’s causing these terrifying experiences, and Nancy (Kennedy McMann) begins to question whether the case of the Frozen Heart murders has been solved. Meanwhile, Nancy’s unspoken feelings for Ace (Alex Saxon) resurface, and George (Leah Lewis) is shaken by an unwelcome friend request from a surprising source. Clara Aranovich directed the episode written by Erika Harrison and Katharine DiSavino (#304). Original airdate 10/29/2021.


Meanwhile, Nancy sets off a booby trap while investigating the Frozen Heart Murders in a new trailer for this week’s episode.


Everyone needs some help in the synopsis for “We All Knew This Day Was Coming,” the October 28 episode of Legacies.

THE TIME IS NOW – Hope (Danielle Rose Russell) realizes she has a difficult choice to make, much to Alaric’s (Matthew Davis) disapproval. Kaleb (Chris Lee) and MG (Quincy Fouse) come up with their own plan to help Hope as Hope seeks help from Josie (Kalyee Bryant) and Lizzie (Jenny Boyd). Meanwhile, Alaric realizes he needs to relinquish control. Aria Shahghasemi, Ben Levin and Leo Howard also star. The episode was written by Courtney Grace & J.P. Estes with story by Thomas Brandon and directed by Lauren Petzke (#319). Original airdate 10/28/2021.



Gaal’s secret origin is revealed in the synopsis for “Upon Awakening”—the fifth episode of AppleTV’s Foundation.

A flashback reveals the origin of Gaal’s conflict between faith and science. The standoff on Terminus takes an unfortunate turn.

[Spoiler TV]

Day of the Dead

Turns out hiding out in a shopping mall was a bad idea (who knew?) in the synopsis for “To Anyone Who Can Hear My Voice.”

The fortress of Paymart comes under siege as survivors are forced to fight for their lives or flee. Luke and Cam strike out through streets overrun with the undead, while Paula leads the survivors as they battle the ever increasing zombie hoard.

[Spoiler TV]


Thorfinn demands a proper Viking funeral in the synopsis for this week’s episode of Ghosts.

Doom Patrol

Finally, Rita Farr commandeers Madame Rouge’s time machine in the synopsis for this week’s episode, “1917 Patrol”.

Banner art by Jim Cook

io9TelevisionMorning Spoilers

Sours: https://gizmodo.com/our-first-look-at-timothee-chalamets-wonka-is-here-and-1847836115
Harvesting BC Sea Urchins (Red \u0026 Green Uni)

Sea Urchins: Dalmatia’s Delicious Foot-Stabbers

July 27, 2018 — Watch your step! And for the love of God, don’t wear water shoes.

Here’s everything you need to know about one of the Dalmatia’s prickliest residents, the sea urchin.

The local* grabbed a harpoon, walked up to the water’s edge and sized up his opportunity. “Aha” he said then speared into the water. (*left anonymous for legal reasons)

He pulled out the harpoon to reveal a sea urchin, its spines glistening in the late afternoon sun.

“What the hell are you going to do with that?” I asked, still a know-nothing teen scratching his left foot where a sea urchin left a few dozen keepsakes.

“I’m going to eat it!” he shouted then flicked off some needles and cracked open the inside.

He burrowed out the orange-pink contents with his index finger then tossed his head back and slurped them.

“Goes great with a glass of white wine!”

I’d thrown, raced and cursed sea urchins. But my young mind couldn’t comprehend… the prickly little balls were edible too?

Ah yes, the endless bounty of the Adriatic Sea. Where the same creature which stabs the arch of your foot and ruins your beach outing can double as a warm-up to a glass of wine.

During my childhood summers in Dalmatia, sea urchins were subjected to some twisted behavior, fueled by revenge. Because even the most devout and clean-mouthed people curse like drunken pirates when they step on an urchin, then spend the next few hours with a sewing needle and magnifying class, digging dagger-like spine tips out of their swollen foot.

And so we tortured the pointy little bastards to useful ends.

We used their insides for bait. Their inner shells were decorations and romantic little gifts you’d give to a girl you later discovered is your cousin.

We’d race them, leaving them a few meters away, waiting to see which urchin get back to the water first. It was the second-most boring competition I’d ever seen (the first is every ice hockey game ever).

A few years later, we’d throw them at each other. Little stabby grenades you'd have to gingerly lob underhand otherwise they'd pierce your own skin.

And all those acts were likely illegal — or at least should’ve been.

Sea urchins, we later learned, are as delicious as they are unavoidable here.

So perhaps a primer is due, yes? Here’s everything you need to know about sea urchins, or as the locals call them, ježevi.

Where To Find Them

Sea Urchin 2.jpg

Sea urchins inhabit the rockier parts of Croatia’s coast, especially where limestone chunks have tumbled into the waters.

One can also find their larger, less-pointy brethren in deeper waters.

Locals have been fielding inane questions about urchins for some time, so let me answer them (yes, I’ve said the following sentences at one point in my life):

No, urchins cannot chase you. They’re very slow.

No, they do not dislodge and shoot straight up to attack you.

No, they do not bite.

No, they’re not deadly or all that poisonous.

No, I’ve never tried to use one of the spines as a toothpick.

No, you cannot stand atop a bunch of them if they’re really close together, like a nail bed. The physics of that idea doesn't work.

And no, I’ve never put a sea urchin in my pants.

How To Avoid Them

Tourists and foreigners unwittingly commit what we locals consider high crimes against Dalmation-hood. Seemingly banal actions like: pinching your nose before jumping into the sea; wearing shorts and shoes yet not playing some sort of sport; or owning and riding a jet ski. These are all cardinal sins true Dalmatians will not commit.

But among these treacherous acts against our lovely coast, the gloriously heinous and most-mocked is a byproduct of sea urchin fear: water shoes, those sock-like foot condoms which make everyone look like a children's drawing from the knees down. Or worse yet, water shoes’ perverted ugly cousins, jellies, those rubber-plastic torture devices parents deploy to ensure their children don't escape the hell of uncomfortable footwear.

Yes, the Dalmatian coast contains many sharp rocks. Yes, the bottom may have sea anemones (which, for what it’s worth, cannot sting the soles of your feet). And yes, sea urchins can pierce the thickest of your skin if you step on them hard enough.

But please do not use any of these as an excuse to wear water shoes, Crocs, jellies, or any other aquatic footwear abomination while you’re swimming.

If you can control where you step, go barefoot.

“What about the sea urchins?!” you ask incredulously. Here's a simple trick: if you're in the water, don't step on anything black.

Sea urchins are particularly fond of a wedging themselves between rocks, allowing them partial cover with the possibility of catching their next meal.

But to the person waddling their way to dry land, it’s hard to differentiate a sea urchin from a shadow or hole. As a result, many confuse the urchins for harmless gaps between the stones and get an unpleasant surprise.

It should be noted sea urchins are round, and many a tourist sporting water shoes ends up stepping right next to the urchin rather than on top of it. This means getting stabbed in the side of the foot.

So here’s a simple rule of thumb: make sure you can see where you’re about to place your foot.

Sea Urchin 3.JPG

Yes, sea urchins float — when they've died.

Can You Eat Sea Urchins?


It’s easy to feel some skepticism when beholding the slimy orange-ish innards of a sea urchin. They don’t look particularly appetizing.

How do they taste? Like, well, the sea. The briny, clean-protein joy packed a single oyster, yet more potent.

Don't be afraid to handle them either. A soft hand and minimal pressure will ensure the urchin doesn't leave a spine in your finger. Be careful though.

There are many places which serve sea urchin. More on that in a moment though.

I Stepped On A Sea Urchin! What Do I Do?

Step one: Come to the crushing, humiliating conclusion that this your own fault and nobody else's.

Step two: No, you should not have worn that pair of water shoes.

Step three: Try to void stepping on the stabbed foot, as it will only drive the tips of the spines deeper.

Step four: Soak your feet in hot water for up to an hour.

Step five: Get out the tweezers, a flashlight and start digging.

Step six: if there are any left in your feet, try soaking in vinegar for up to half an hour. This could soften them, bringing them too the surface. (Or wait a while and hope the spines find their way out on their own.)

Once you've removed all the spine tips, give your feet a nice wash and bask in the realization that you survived. Just keep an eye out for any infections.

Can You Catch Them?

This unfortunately, like many things in Croatia, comes to a question of bureaucracy — and which ministry you ask. (You can get the full rundown on this mystery here).

The Environmental Protection Ministry issues annual permits which allow collecting certain wild species, including sea urchins, with no quantitative limits. The Agricultural Ministry effectively shrugs and suggests following the Environmental Ministries rules.

The fine print, however, is less-clear. Depending on the interpretation of the law, place and who is carrying it out, you effectively can take out anywhere from ten sea urchins for personal use to eight tons per zone if you have a concession.

This has all led to an alleged mad rush on sea urchins, with groups of divers filling whole basins in broad daylight and scampering off.

The bottom line: if you’re here visiting, don’t catch the sea urchins. (TCN cannot advocate or give advice on doing something’s it’s not even sure is legal).

Many restaurants up and down the coast serve sea urchin. As a conscientious consumer, ask your waiter where the urchins are collected. If the answer seems fishy or flippant, follow your conscience.

And watch where you step.

Sours: https://www.total-croatia-news.com/lifestyle/30060-sea-urchins-dalmatia-s-delicious-foot-stabbers

Shoes urchin

CheLi Is One of New York’s Most Impressive Chinese Restaurants

In the East Village, a new contender stands out with subtle Shanghainese cooking.

NYT Critic's Pick
19 St. Marks Place

Have you walked down St. Marks Place lately, the block between Second and Third Avenues? Since the onset of outdoor dining it looks like the noodle bar scene in “Blade Runner,” although the weather is usually better.

The profusely zippered tartan trousers at Trash and Vaudeville decamped for another street long ago. Gone, too, are the lipsticks and hair dyes that Manic Panic stocked in every color not in the rainbow; the ink-smeared issues of Maximumrocknroll at St. Mark’s Comics; the first pressings of the Slits and Bad Brains hiding in the bins at Sounds; and all the other flotsam and jetsam of the post-punk era. In those days, there never was much to eat on that strip aside from kebabs at Khyber Pass and the hijiki tofu burgers at Dojo. Everybody seemed to subsist on hair spray fumes and cigarettes.

Now, the block’s major draw is Chinese and Japanese food from tightly clustered, improbably narrow storefronts. From Friday afternoon to Sunday night the block is closed to traffic, and people gobble dumplings and suck up noodles at tables on the sidewalk and street. Most of the food is fast and decent enough, if not particularly memorable. About a year ago, though, above a Japanese creperie, a new place appeared that is not only the first really good restaurant the block has seen in at least three decades, but also one of the most impressive Chinese restaurants on any block in town.


Called CheLi, it specializes in the cuisine of Shanghai and the surrounding Jiangnan region. Inside, the dining room looks like a small, prerevolutionary Chinese village, although a few walls have been removed, which makes it easier to get to your table. Paper lanterns dangle here and there. Set on shelves overhead, at the level of the sloping roofs of overlapping curved tiles held up by wooden posts, are clay vessels of the kind traditionally used for turning rice and other grains into wine.

The menu has an antique look, too. Between cloth covers tied by a cord, it is supposedly styled after a census ledger, one row per dish, with names in English and Chinese. It gives an account of certain aspects of the food of Jiangnan as interpreted by CheLi’s chef, Wang Lin Qun, particularly the seafood cooking of the Yangtze River towns and the South China Sea coast. The flavors are gentle, soft and almost transparent; you can taste the main ingredients just under the seasonings.

Aromatic Shaoxing wine ripples through many dishes; its sweetness, and that of the occasional pinch of sugar, is at least as important as soy sauce in this kitchen. Shaoxing is the wine in wine-soaked chicken, a paradigmatic dish of Shanghai, served in pale, cool white slabs, each ornamented with a goji berry. It turns up again in wine-soaked crab, but this time it has a caramel sweetness that you extract with the East Coast blue crab flesh from all its hiding places in the shell.

Either appetizer is as good a way as any to prepare your palate for the rest of your meal at CheLi, although a strong case could also be made for the smoked fish. We are far removed from sliced sturgeon at Barney Greengrass: The fish is in fact fried, not smoked, and then covered in an inky-brown glaze, dark with soy, both sweet and sour but with the emphasis on sweet. If you are lucky, you will have a few minutes to separate the fish from its bones, licking off the sauce as you search for the smoke you never quite taste, before the kitchen sends out everything else you ordered.

Despite the speed, the subtle contours of Mr. Wang’s cooking rarely blur. Shaoxing invisibly seasons the long pale-green ribbons of warm loofah that call to mind braised cucumbers. And green Dragon Well tea perfumes the Longjing shrimp that arrive in a swirl of dry-ice mist. Their sweetness is set against a tart black-vinegar dipping sauce similar to the one that comes with xiao long bao.

At CheLi, xiao long bao are not the gummy, sloshy water balloons you sometimes meet. They are exemplary, in fact, the skins rolled so thin they drape like silk around the fillings, which are almost equally soupy and solid.

Somebody at the table is almost guaranteed to want some xiao long bao, but don’t ignore the other dim sum. The Song Dynasty steamed bun is a low, unfilled dome the size of a whoopee cushion, stamped with the restaurant’s name in red Chinese characters; it’s completely plain and completely pleasurable, alone or dipped into its syrupy sauce. Sticky-rice crepes rolled around crushed peanuts and brown sugar show up speared on the ends of wooden picks that are held in a flower vase with a sprig of baby’s breath. They are chewy, crunchy little delights, even though they look as if they were delivered by Edible Arrangements.

As the dishes get bigger, so does their intensity. Tofu stewed with peas and carrots sounds like a snooze, but bobs in a broth of unexpected depth. Threads of crab weave through a layered, deeply savory stew thickened and colored pink-orange by dried peach tree sap; little clumps of the chewy resin are suspended in the broth like free-form gummy candies.

CheLi serves red-braised pork belly in its Shanghainese version, still rich and sticky with caramel but less spicy than what you’ll find in a Hunanese restaurant.

When fresh or dried chiles appear they are used as accents, not as Sichuan- or Hunanese-style depth charges. Even the angry red layer of pure chile oil on top of the mao xue wang — a stew that unites ham, beef and shrimp with frilly lengths of intestine and triangular tiles of thickened duck’s blood — is more restrained than it would be in Sichuan cooking.

Cubes of fried tofu the size of casino dice are rolled in a spice rub that quietly suggests the hot-and-numbing mala effect. Linguine-like strands of crisp intestine, called Pieces of Jade, are dressed in a spicy chimichurri that jabs sharply but doesn’t go for a lights-out punch. Fresh green and red chiles are tossed with a fistful of sesame seeds over a fish head big enough to feed a family, but the taste you remember is only the mild spiciness that comes from the deep, hypnotic, sweet-and-salty broth. The dish, named after an 18th-century emperor, is called Qianlong’s Favorite Fish Head. It’s mine, too.

The desserts are supervised by Fang Fang, the pastry chef. Among other treats is Meiling congee, rice cooked into porridge with sweet white yams and fresh soy milk. With her husband, Mr. Wang, Ms. Fang is busy opening a second branch of CheLi in the same little plaza in downtown Flushing, Queens, where you can find the original Szechuan Mountain House battling it out for citywide Sichuan supremacy with the mighty Guan Fu.

There is, of course, more Shaoxing wine to drink, including a barrel-aged variety made by Shikumen that tastes of cocktail almonds. It goes down remarkably well in alternating sips with the Dragon Well tea that servers refresh throughout the meal. After a glass or two of wine, it seems unlikely that this space was once home to Andy Warhol’s Exploding Plastic Inevitable, with its strobe lights and films projected on the walls while the house band, the Velvet Underground, sang about needles and whips. Or maybe it makes perfect sense. Another carafe of Shaoxing will surely clear it all up.

What the Stars Mean Because of the pandemic, restaurants are not being given star ratings.

Sours: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/05/dining/restaurant-review-cheli.html
Facts: The Sea Urchin

Little Shop of Horrors (musical)

This article is about the musical. For other uses, see Little Shop of Horrors.

1982 horror comedy rock musical, by composer Alan Menken and writer Howard Ashman

Little Shop of Horrors is a horror comedyrock musical[1] with music by Alan Menken and lyrics and a book by Howard Ashman. The story follows a hapless florist shop worker who raises a plant that feeds on human blood and flesh. The musical is loosely based on the low-budget 1960 black comedy film The Little Shop of Horrors. The music, composed by Menken in the style of early 1960s rock and roll, doo-wop and early Motown, includes several well-known tunes, including the title song, "Skid Row (Downtown)", "Somewhere That's Green", and "Suddenly, Seymour".

The musical premiered Off-Off-Broadway in 1982 before moving to the Orpheum TheatreOff-Broadway, where it had a five-year run. It later received numerous productions in the U.S. and abroad, and a subsequent Broadway production. Because of its small cast, it has become popular with community theatre, school and other amateur groups.[2] The musical was also made into a 1986 film of the same name, directed by Frank Oz.


Act I[edit]

An offstage voice recalls a time when the human race "suddenly encountered a deadly threat to its very existence". A trio of 1960s street urchins named Crystal, Ronette, and Chiffon set the scene ("Little Shop of Horrors") and comment on the action throughout the show. Seymour Krelborn is a poor young man, an orphan living in an urban skid row. Audrey is a pretty blonde with a fashion sense that leans towards the tacky. They lament their stations in life and the urban blight in their neighborhood ("Skid Row (Downtown)"). They are co-workers at Mushnik's Skid Row Florists, a run-down flower shop owned and operated by the cranky Mr. Mushnik. Seymour has recently obtained a mysterious plant that looks like a large venus flytrap. While he was browsing the wholesale flower district, a sudden eclipse of the sun occurred, and when the light returned, the weird plant had appeared ("Da-Doo"). Seymour, who is secretly in love with Audrey, names the plant Audrey II in her honor.

The plant does not thrive in its new environment and appears to be dying. Seymour questions why it should be doing poorly, since he takes such good care of it. He accidentally pricks his finger on a rose thorn, which draws blood, and Audrey II's pod opens thirstily. Seymour realizes that Audrey II requires blood to survive and allows the plant to suckle from his finger ("Grow For Me"). As Audrey II grows, it becomes an attraction and starts generating brisk business for Mushnik. As the caretaker of the plant, the timid Seymour is suddenly regarded as a hero ("Ya Never Know"), while Audrey secretly longs to leave her abusive boyfriend. Her dream is to lead an ideal suburban life with Seymour, complete with a tract home, frozen dinners, and plastic on the furniture ("Somewhere That's Green").

Meanwhile, the employees at Mushnik's are sprucing up the flower shop because of the popularity of the rapidly growing Audrey II and the revenue that it is bringing in ("Closed for Renovation"). Orin Scrivello, a sadisticdentist, is Audrey's abusive boyfriend. Modeled after the "Leader of the pack" characters of the 1950s, Orin drives a motorcycle, wears leather, and enjoys bringing other people pain ("Dentist!"). Orin encourages Seymour to take the plant and get out of Skid Row. Realizing that his store's sudden profitability is completely dependent on the plant (and therefore on Seymour), Mushnik takes advantage of Seymour's innocence by offering to adopt him and make him a full partner in the business. Having always wanted a family, Seymour accepts, even though Mushnik has always yelled at him and treated him poorly ("Mushnik and Son"). However, Seymour is having difficulty providing enough blood to keep Audrey II healthy. When Seymour stops feeding the plant, Audrey II reveals that it can speak. It demands blood and promises that, if fed, it will make sure that all of Seymour's dreams come true. Seymour initially refuses, disputing Audrey II's claim that many people deserve to die, but he then witnesses Orin abusing Audrey. The plant presents this as a justification for killing Orin. Not realizing that he is being manipulated again, Seymour gives in to his baser instincts and agrees ("Feed Me (Git It)").

He sets up a late-night appointment with Orin, intending to kill him. However, Seymour loses his nerve and decides not to commit the crime. Unfortunately for Orin, who is getting high on nitrous oxide, the gas device is stuck in the "on" position, and he suffocates while asking Seymour to save him. Seymour cannot bring himself to shoot Orin but lets him die of asphyxiation ("Now (It's Just The Gas)"). Seymour feeds Orin's body to the now huge Audrey II, and the plant consumes it with ravenous glee ("Act I Finale").

Act II[edit]

"Suddenly, Seymour"

The beginning of the last chorus of "Suddenly, Seymour", performed by Kerry Butler and Hunter Foster on the 2003 Broadway revival cast recording.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

The flower shop is much busier, and Seymour and Audrey have trouble keeping up with the onslaught of orders ("Call Back in the Morning"). Audrey confides to Seymour that she feels guilty about Orin's disappearance, because secretly she wished it. The two admit their feelings for one another, and Seymour promises that he will protect and care for Audrey from now on ("Suddenly, Seymour"). The two plan to leave together and start a new life, although Seymour mistakenly attributes Audrey's feelings to his newfound fame, not realizing that she loved him even before he found the plant.

Before they can go, Mushnik confronts Seymour about Orin's death. Mushnik has put two and two together: the bloody dentist's uniform, the drops of blood on the floor, and he has seen Seymour and Audrey kissing. Seymour denies killing Orin, but Mushnik wants him to give a statement to the police, who have begun investigating. Audrey II tells Seymour that he has to be rid of Mushnik or he will lose everything, including Audrey ("Suppertime"). Seymour tells Mushnik that he put the days' receipts inside Audrey II for safekeeping. Mushnik climbs inside the plant's gaping maw to search for the money, realizing the deception too late, and screams as he is devoured. Seymour now runs the flower shop, and reporters, salesmen, lawyers and agents approach him, promising him fame and fortune. Although tempted by the trappings of his success, Seymour realizes that it is only a matter of time before Audrey II will kill again and that he is morally responsible. He considers destroying the plant but believing that his fame is the only thing that is earning him Audrey's love, he is unable to do so ("The Meek Shall Inherit").

As Seymour works on his speech for a lecture tour, Audrey II again squalls for blood. Seymour threatens to kill it just as Audrey walks in asking when Mushnik will return from visiting his "sick sister". Seymour learns that Audrey would still love him without the fame and decides that Audrey II must die after the scheduled LIFE magazine interview at the shop. Audrey is confused and frightened by Seymour's ramblings, but she runs home by his order. That night, unable to sleep and distressed by Seymour's strange behavior, Audrey goes to the flower shop to talk with him. He is not there, and Audrey II begs her to water him. Not sensing the mortal danger, she approaches to water it, and a vine wraps around her and pulls her into the plant's gaping maw ("Sominex/Suppertime II"). Seymour arrives and attacks the plant in an attempt to save Audrey. He pulls her out, but Audrey is mortally wounded. Her dying wish is for Seymour to feed her to the plant after she dies so that they can always be together. She dies in his arms, and he reluctantly honors her request ("Somewhere That's Green" (reprise)). Seymour falls asleep as Audrey II grows small red flower buds.

The next day, Patrick Martin from the World Botanical Enterprises tells Seymour that his company wishes to sell leaf cuttings of Audrey II in florist shops across America. Seymour realizes the plant's evil plan: world conquest. He tries shooting, cutting, and poisoning the plant, but it has grown too hardy to kill. Seymour, in desperation, runs into its open jaws with a machete planning to kill it from the inside, but he is quickly eaten. Patrick, Crystal, Ronette, and Chiffon search for Seymour. Not finding him, Patrick tells the girls to take the cuttings.

Crystal, Ronette, and Chiffon relate that, following these events, other plants appeared across America, tricking innocent people into feeding them blood in exchange for fame and fortune. Out of the fog, Audrey II, bigger than ever, appears with opened new flowers revealing the faces of Seymour, Audrey, Mushnik and Orin, who beg that, no matter how persuasive the plants may be, they must not be fed ("Finale Ultimo: Don't Feed the Plants"). Audrey II slithers towards the audience threateningly (In the original Off-Broadway production, plant tendrils fell all over the audience, as if each audience member were to be pulled into the plant, while in the Broadway production, a monstrously huge Audrey II was projected out over the fifth row and the balcony seats, as if it would eat the audience members).

Early productions[edit]


The musical had its world premiere Off-Off-Broadway on May 6, 1982 at the Workshop of the Players Art Foundation (WPA Theatre), playing there until June 6, 1982.[3] It opened Off-Broadway at the Orpheum Theatre in Manhattan's East Village on July 27, 1982. The production, directed by Ashman, with musical staging by Edie Cowan, was critically acclaimed and won several awards including the 1982–1983 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical, as well as the New York Drama Critics Circle Award for Best Musical and the Outer Critics Circle Award.[4] Howard Ashman wrote, in the introduction to the acting edition of the libretto, that the show "satirizes many things: science fiction, 'B' movies, musical comedy itself, and even the Faust legend".[5] The cast starred Lee Wilkof as Seymour, Ellen Greene as Audrey, Hy Anzell as Mr. Mushnik, Franc Luz as Orin and the other small roles, Leilani Jones was a replacement as Chiffon, Ron Taylor as the voice of Audrey II, and Martin P. Robinson as the Audrey II puppeteer.

The production ran for five years. When it closed on November 1, 1987, after 2,209 performances, it was the third-longest running musical[6] and the highest-grossing production in Off-Broadway history.[7] Though a Broadway transfer had been proposed for the production, book writer Howard Ashman felt the show belonged where it was.[8] Since it was not produced on Broadway, the original production was ineligible for the 1982 Tony Awards. The producers were the WPA Theatre, David Geffen, Cameron Mackintosh and the Shubert Organization. The Audrey II puppets were designed and operated by Martin P. Robinson.[5]

An original cast recording, released in 1982, omitted the songs "Call Back in the Morning" and the reprise of "Somewhere That's Green", and had abridged versions of "Now (It's Just the Gas)," "Mushnik and Son," and "The Meek Shall Inherit". It also shifted the location of the song "Closed for Renovation," appearing in the show after "Somewhere That's Green" while appearing on the cast album after "Now (It's Just the Gas)" to serve as an upbeat bridge from Orin's death to the Act II love ballad, "Suddenly, Seymour".[9] The recording features Leilani Jones, who replaced Marlene Danielle as Chiffon two weeks after the musical opened.

West End[edit]

A London West End production opened on October 12, 1983, at the Comedy Theatre, produced by Cameron Mackintosh. It ran for 813 performances, starring Barry James as Seymour, Greene reprising her role as Audrey and Harry Towb as Mr. Mushnik, with Sinitta (then surnamed Renet) understudying Chiffon, Crystal and Ronette. Zeeteah Massiah took over as Chiffon in 1984. Greene was replaced as Audrey by Claire Moore (1984) then Sarah Payne (1985). Orin was played by Terence Hillyer (1983), David Burt (1984) and Bogdan Kominowski (1985).[10] Audrey II was puppeteered by Anthony Asbury, and the costumes were designed by Tim Goodchild.[11] It received the 1983 Evening Standard Award for Best Musical and closed on October 5, 1985.[12][13]

Australia and Canada[edit]

An Australian production opened at Her Majesty's Theatre, Perth on January 14, 1984, starring Christopher Pate as Seymour and Denise Kirby as Audrey.[14] It then moved to the Theatre Royal in Sydney from November 7, 1984, and the Comedy Theatre in Melbourne from February, 1985.[15][16]

A 1985 Canadian production starred Sheila McCarthy as Audrey and Michael Crossman as Seymour. Gerry Salsberg was Orin.[17]

Musical numbers[edit]

Act I
  • Prologue ("Little Shop of Horrors") – Chiffon, Crystal, and Ronette
  • "Skid Row (Downtown)" – Company
  • "Da-Doo" – Chiffon, Crystal, and Ronette (with Seymour speaking)
  • "Grow for Me" – Seymour
  • "Ya Never Know" – Mushnik, Chiffon, Crystal, Ronette, and Seymour
  • "Somewhere That's Green" – Audrey
  • "Closed for Renovation" – Seymour, Audrey, and Mushnik
  • "Dentist!" – Orin, Chiffon, Crystal, and Ronette
  • "Mushnik and Son" – Mushnik and Seymour
  • "Sudden Changes" – Seymour
  • "Feed Me (Git It)" – Audrey II and Seymour
  • "Now (It's Just the Gas)" – Orin and Seymour
  • "Coda (Act I Finale)" – Chiffon, Crystal, Ronette, and Audrey II
Act II
  • "Call Back in the Morning" – Seymour and Audrey
  • "Suddenly, Seymour" – Seymour, Audrey, Chiffon, Crystal, and Ronette
  • "Suppertime" – Audrey II (with Seymour and Mushnik speaking)
  • "The Meek Shall Inherit" – Company
  • "Sominex/Suppertime II" – Audrey and Audrey II
  • "Somewhere That's Green" (reprise) – Audrey (with Seymour speaking)
  • "Finale Ultimo (Don't Feed the Plants)" – Company


Differences between the 1960 film and stage musical[edit]

Further information: The Little Shop of Horrors

The musical is based on the basic concept and dark comic tone of the 1960 film, although it changes much of the story. The setting is moved from Skid Row, Los Angeles to Skid Row in New York. Seymour's hypochondriacalJewish mother is omitted in the musical, and Seymour becomes an orphan in the care of Mushnik. Also dropped is the subplot involving the two investigating police officers. The characters of Mrs. Siddie Shiva and Burson Fouch are also omitted, although Mrs. Shiva is mentioned as being the shop's biggest funeral account. The gleefully masochistic dental patient, originally played by Jack Nicholson, is not in the musical but is in the 1986 film, played by Bill Murray.

In the musical, the sadistic dentist, Orin Scrivello, is killed by suffocation from laughing gas instead of being stabbed with a dental instrument as in the film. His abusive relationship with Audrey is added to the musical to give Seymour a motive to kill him. In the film, Seymour murders several innocent bystanders, and Mushnik tricks a thief into looking for money inside the plant, which eats the thief. In the musical, Seymour tricks Mushnik in the same way when Mushnik plans to turn Seymour over to the police. The two neighborhood girls in the film are replaced in the musical by a chorus of three street urchins: Crystal, Chiffon and Ronette, named after (and reminiscent of) girl groups of the 1960s. The plant is named "Audrey II" in the musical, rather than the film's "Audrey Junior", and instead of being a crossbreed of a butterwort and a Venus Flytrap, in the musical it is a creature from outer space intent on taking over the world.

Perhaps the biggest difference is the ending. The musical ends with Orin, Mushnik, Audrey and Seymour all eaten by the plant, and the three girls report that Audrey II's progeny continues to consume people. In the 1960 film, Mushnik and Audrey survive, and the plant's carnivorous activities are discovered when its flowers bloom with the faces of its victims, including Seymour, imprinted on them. The musical references this ending in its finale, in which the Plant's four victims' faces are seen in its blooming flowers.

The change in ending of the musical contributes to its portrayal of class struggles and moral values. While the 1986 film shows Seymour and Audrey escaping to the dream suburban house, encapsulating ideals of the 1950s American Dream, the musical hints to a metaphorical portrayal of Seymour's greed as the plant.[18] Seymour's greed gradually consumes himself and Audrey. The musical engages with ideas relating to human values in the face of capitalist culture, disempowering those who are enveloped with motivations of personal monetary gain and overlook moral values. It serves as a social commentary of commodity fetishism.[19]

Subsequent productions[edit]

2003 tryout, Broadway and 2004 tour[edit]

In 2003, an $8 million revival of Little Shop of Horrors was planned with the goal of opening on Broadway. A pre-Broadway production debuted at the Miracle Theatre in Coral Gables, Florida on May 16, 2003. Lee Wilkof, who originated the role of Seymour in 1982, was cast as Mr. Mushnik. The production was directed by Wilkof's wife, Connie Grappo, who was the assistant to Howard Ashman during the original production.[8]Martin P. Robinson, who designed the original Audrey II puppets, enlisted fellow puppeteers and builders from The Jim Henson Company to create and operate new puppets for the show. Hunter Foster and Alice Ripley played Seymour and Audrey, and Billy Porter was the voice of Audrey II.[20]

Critics complained that by expanding the show to fit a larger theatre, its intimacy was lost; they also judged several actors as miscast, although the Miami Herald declared that "Alice Ripley's Audrey – part lisping Kewpie doll (a la Ellen Greene, who originated the role), part dental punching bag – is heartbreakingly adorable."[21] In June 2003, the producers announced that the Broadway production was cancelled.[22] Nevertheless, within weeks, they ousted Grappo in favor of veteran Broadway director Jerry Zaks, who fired everyone in the cast, except Foster, and redirected the production from scratch. New casting was announced in July.[23][24]

The musical made its Broadway debut at the Virginia Theatre on October 2, 2003 with Foster as Seymour, Kerry Butler as Audrey, Rob Bartlett as Mr. Mushnik, Douglas Sills as Orin, Michael-Leon Wooley as the voice of Audrey II and DeQuina Moore as Chiffon.[23][24] Although this was the first time it had played on Broadway, the show's success in film and numerous regional productions made it fall under the "Revival" category for the 2003 Tony Awards. Foster was nominated for the 2004 Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical for his performance. The revival was fairly faithful to the original 1982 production. Changes included the expanded version of the title song heard in the 1986 film, and expanded "You Never Know" with a "WSKID" radio introduction, and a revised Act I Finale and added Entr'acte before "Call Back in the Morning." The orchestrations were beefed up for the bigger theatre to add reeds, trumpets and percussion to the original 5-piece combo.[25][26]

The cast album was released on October 21, 2003.[27] Demo recordings to five songs ("A Little Dental Music", "The Worse He Treats Me", "We'll Have Tomorrow", "Bad" and "I Found a Hobby") cut during the development process of the musical were included as bonus material for the album.[25][27][28] The production closed on August 22, 2004 after 40 previews and 372 regular performances.[29] The closing Broadway cast included Joey Fatone as Seymour.[29]

On August 10, 2004, a U.S. national tour of the Broadway production began, with Anthony Rapp starring as Seymour, Tari Kelly as Audrey and Lenny Wolpe as Mushnik.[30] The tour closed April 16, 2006 in Columbus, Ohio.[citation needed]

2006 Menier Chocolate Factory and 2007 West End[edit]

An elaborate large model of the Audrey monster resembling a mammoth Venus flytrap devouring a woman whose legs are sticking out of its mouth
Audrey II devours Audrey; 2006–07 London production

A production began previews on November 17, 2006 at the Menier Chocolate Factory. This revival, directed by Matthew White, featured a new Audrey II designed by David Farley, resembling the pitcher plant.[31] The production was a critical and commercial success and transferred to the Duke of York's Theatre in London's West End in March 2007. In June 2007, the show transferred to the Ambassadors Theatre, where it ended its run on September 8, 2007.[32] The West End cast featured Paul Keating as Seymour, Sheridan Smith as Audrey, Alistair McGowan as Orin, and Mike McShane providing the voice of Audrey II.[31] Barry James, who portrayed Seymour in the original West End production, was Mr. Mushnik. Smith and McGowan received 2008 Laurence Olivier Award nominations, and the production was nominated for Best Musical Revival.[33]

2009 UK tour[edit]

The Menier Chocolate Factory production toured the UK in 2009 with a cast including Damian Humbley as Seymour, Clare Buckfield as Audrey, Alex Ferns as Orin, Sylvester McCoy as Mr Mushnik and Clive Rowe as the voice of Audrey II.[34]

2015 Encores![edit]

A three-performance Encores! concert staging at New York City Center as part of its Off-Center series ran in July 2015. Directed by Dick Scanlan, the production starred Jake Gyllenhaal as Seymour, and Ellen Greene reprising her role as Audrey. Taran Killam played Orin, with Tracy Nicole Chapman, Marva Hicks and Ramona Keller as the urchins. Joe Grifasi was Mr. Mushnik, with Eddie Cooper as the plant. Reviewers praised Greene, Gyllenhaal and the cast in general.[35]Ben Brantley wrote in The New York Times: "A confluence of alchemical elements was at work, converging in ways that made a perfectly charming but small musical feel like a major event."[36]

2016 Australian Tour[edit]

An Australian tour opened at the Hayes Theatre in Sydney on February 22, 2016, before touring to Her Majesty's Theatre, Adelaide; The Comedy Theatre, Melbourne; Canberra Theatre Centre; Queensland Performing Arts Centre, Brisbane, and The Roslyn Packer Theatre, Sydney. It starred Brent Hill as Seymour, Esther Hannaford as Audrey, Tyler Coppin as Mushnik and Scott Johnson as Orin. Hill also voiced Audrey II. The production was directed by Dean Bryant and choreographed by Andy Hallwsorth[37] The production was nominated for ten Sydney Theatre Awards, winning eight, including Best Production of a Musical,[38] and five Helpmann Awards, winning none.[39] Cassie Tongue wrote of it in The Guardian: "Watching this show feels like a discovery, or a reaffirmation; to be reminded why musical theatre matters, to be assured that musicals are a difficult, exhilarating art. And all this from a campy cult classic. What magic."[40]

2016 UK Tour[edit]

A UK tour began on August 4, 2016, directed by Tara Wilkinson, starring Sam Lupton as Seymour, Stephanie Clift as Audrey and Rhydian Roberts as Orin.[41] It was booked through November 26, 2016.[42]

2018 Regent's Park Open Air Theatre[edit]

A revival at London's Regent's Park Open Air Theatre, from 3 August to 22 September 2018, was directed by Maria Aberg, choreographed by Lizzi Gee and designed by Tom Scutt. It starred Marc Antolin as Seymour, Jemima Rooper as Audrey, Forbes Masson as Mr Mushnik, Matt Willis as Orin and American drag performer Vicky Vox as Audrey II.[43][44] The production included the song "Mean Green Mother from Outer Space", written for the 1986 film, as an encore number.[45]

2019 American revivals[edit]

An Off-Broadway revival at the Westside Theatre began previews on September 17, 2019, with an official opening on October 17, 2019. The cast starred Jonathan Groff as Seymour (Gideon Glick replaced him from November 5–17 and from January 21 to March 11, 2020), Tammy Blanchard as Audrey, Christian Borle as Orin and Tom Alan Robbins as Mr. Mushnik. Michael Mayer directed, with choreography by Ellenore Scott. The lighting designer was Bradley King.[46][47] The plant for this production was designed by Nicholas Mahon, voiced by Kingsley Leggs and puppeteered by Eric Wright and Teddy Yudain. The production suspended performances on March 11, 2020, because of the COVID-19 pandemic,[48] and reopened on September 21, 2021, with Jeremy Jordan as Seymour; Mayer, Scott, Blanchard, Borle and Robbins returned.[49] A cast album featuring the 2019 cast was also released on December 20, 2019[50].

Pasadena Playhouse staged a production from September 17 to October 20, 2019, directed by Mike Donahue. The cast included George Salazar as Seymour, Mj Rodriguez as Audrey, Amber Riley as Audrey II, Kevin Chamberlin as Mr. Mushnik and Matthew Wilkas as Orin.[51][52]The Late Late Show with James Corden featured Salazar and Rodriguez as musical guests on October 1, 2019, singing "Suddenly Seymour."[53]

Audrey II puppets[edit]

The character of Audrey II is described as being "An anthropomorphic cross between a Venus flytrap and an avocado. It has a huge, nasty-looking pod that gains a shark-like aspect when open and snapping at food. The creature is played by a series of increasing[ly] large puppets".[54]

In productions, the first puppet is a small potted plant "less than one foot tall" held by the actor portraying Seymour.[54] He manipulates the plant himself with his hand and then sets it down, where it is moved by an unseen hand from beneath a shelf. The second puppet is slightly larger than the first and is operated by Seymour during the song "You Never Know". A fake arm in a sleeve matching Seymour's jacket is attached to the plant's pot, while the actor's real arm operates the plant. The third puppet sits on the floor and is large enough to hide a person inside, who moves the plant's mouth in sync with Audrey II's voice, which is supplied by an offstage actor on a microphone. The puppeteer's legs are clad in green tights with "leaf" shoes that serve as part of the plant's tendrils. In Act II, the largest puppet again hides an actor inside, who manipulates the puppet's mouth and often some of its branches. By this point, the head is at least six feet long and capable of "swallowing" characters. For the finale, additions can be made to make the plant appear taller and even bigger.[54] Actors and stage hands are often used to move larger branches and roots, which, in the original off-Broadway production, spilled off the stage and into the audience. In some productions, dangling vines over the house enhance the effect of Audrey II menacing the audience.

Amateur productions of Little Shop of Horrors receive designs for building the puppets from MTI, as part of the rental scripts and scores, based on the original Martin P. Robinson designs. Some companies who have produced the show in the past and built their own puppets rent them out to other companies to recoup some of their construction costs.[55]


1986 feature film[edit]

Main article: Little Shop of Horrors (film)

A film version of the musical was made in 1986. Directed by Frank Oz and noted as the only film written by Howard Ashman, it starred Rick Moranis as Seymour, Ellen Greene as Audrey, Vincent Gardenia as Mr. Mushnik, Steve Martin as Orin Scrivello, DDS, and the voice of Levi Stubbs as Audrey II. Bill Murray played the small comic role of the masochist, Arthur Denton. The 1986 film follows the plot of the musical closely but omits the songs "Ya Never Know" (rewritten as "Some Fun Now," a trio for Crystal, Ronette and Chiffon), "Mushnik and Son", "Now (It's Just the Gas)", "Sudden Changes," "Closed for Renovation" and "Call Back in the Morning"; the final cut ending also omits "Finale Ultimo (Don't Feed The Plants)". Other changes include the removal of Mr. Mushnik's adoption proposition and a new ending, in which Seymour is able to save Audrey from Audrey II and then electrocutes the plant after it has destroyed the shop. Seymour and Audrey marry and move to the tract home of her dreams, but a small Audrey II-type bud is seen in their garden, which portends a possible spread of the alien plants. An ending more faithful to the stage version was filmed, in which the plant eats Audrey and Seymour and then, having grown to massive size and reproduced, goes on a King Kong-style rampage through New York City. It was received poorly by test audiences, and the upbeat alternate ending was used for the theatrical cut. In October 2012, the original ending was restored and released with the film as "The Director's Cut" on DVD and Blu-ray. A new song for Audrey II, "Mean Green Mother from Outer Space", was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song.

Planned feature film[edit]

A remake of the musical for feature film is planned by Warner Bros. Pictures, with Greg Berlanti directing. Billy Porter has been cast as the voice of Audrey II, a role he played in the 2003 Coral Gables production.[56]

Awards and nominations[edit]


  1. ^Higgins, Jim. "Skylight Music Theatre revamps 2020-'21 season, plans small-cast shows for limited-capacity audiences", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 31, 2020
  2. ^TIME magazine reported in its May 26, 2008 issue, p. 51, that this musical ranked as the most frequently produced musical by U.S. high schools in 2007.
  3. ^"Theater: Little Shop of Horrors"Archived 2015-02-09 at the Wayback Machine, Howard Ashman website, accessed April 21, 2014
  4. ^"Lortel Archive for Little Shop of Horrors". Lortel Archives. Archived from the original on 2007-06-08. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  5. ^ abAshman, Howard. Introductory notes, Little Shop of Horrors acting edition (1982)
  6. ^Sedore, Clair. "Long Runs in the Theatre"Archived 2010-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, World-theatres.com. Retrieved on April 20, 2008.
  7. ^Gordon, James. "Plymouth-Whitemarsh: ‘Little Shop of Horrors’", philly.com, 30 March 2009, Accessed 13 August 2009
  8. ^ abPogrebin, Robin (2003-10-20). "The Show That Ate the Original Cast". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  9. ^castalbumscollector.com listing
  10. ^"Production of Little Shop of Horrors | Theatricalia". theatricalia.com. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  11. ^"Little Shop of Horrors the musical on stage in London through to 22 September 2018". www.thisistheatre.com. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  12. ^Lewis, David. "Little Shop of Horrors", The Guide to Musical Theatre
  13. ^"History and Awards"Archived June 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Lyric Opera musicals site
  14. ^"Museum of Performing Arts WA". www.mopa.ptt.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  15. ^"AusStage - Little Shop of Horrors". www.ausstage.edu.au. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  16. ^Radic, Leonard (February 28, 1985). "Plant steals the show". The Age. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  17. ^Czarnecki, Mark. "The plant that ate New York", Maclean's, July 1, 1985, accessed May 23, 2020
  18. ^Jensen, Marc. "Feed me!: Power struggles and the portrayal of race in Little Shop of Horrors", Cinema Journal 48, no. 1 (2008): 51–67
  19. ^Leigh, Mary K., and Kevin K. Durand, eds. Marxism and the Movies: Critical Essays on Class Struggle in the Cinema. McFarland, 2013
  20. ^Gans, Andrew (2003-05-16). "Florida Engagement of Little Shop of Horrors Opens May 16". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  21. ^"Did FL Critics Eat Up B'way-Bound Little Shop?". Broadway.com. 2003-05-20. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  22. ^Simonson, Robert (2003-06-02). "Little Shop of Horrors Cancels Broadway Engagement". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  23. ^ abGans, Andrew (2003-07-14). "Complete Casting Announced for Broadway's Little Shop of Horrors". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  24. ^ abGans, Andrew (2003-08-13). "Little Shop of Horrors Cast Previews Broadway Revival". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  25. ^ abSuskin, Steven (2003-11-16). "On the Record: Little Shop, Albertine and Zanna". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  26. ^Finn, Robin (2003-10-14). "Public Lives; A Hot, Sweaty Job in a Plant, Eating People". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  27. ^ abJones, Kenneth (2003-09-03). "Little Shop Cast Album Due Oct. 21, With Bonus Tracks". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  28. ^Phares, Heather. "Little Shop of Horrors (New Broadway Cast Recording)", Allmusic.com, accessed June 13, 2014
  29. ^ abGans, Andrew (2004-08-22). "Broadway's Little Shop of Horrors Closes Its Doors Aug. 22". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  30. ^Hernandez, Ernio and Andrew Gans. "Anthony Rapp is Suddenly Seymour as Little Shop of Horrors Starts in Los Angeles, Aug. 24", Playbill, August 24, 2004, accessed October 11, 2016
  31. ^ abNathan, John (2007-08-16). "London's Little Shop of Horrors to Close in September". Playbill. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  32. ^"Little Shop of Horrors", This Is Theatre, 10 November 2008
  33. ^ ab2008 Olivier Award nominations
  34. ^Connor, Sheila. "Little Shop of Horrors", British Theatre Guide, 2009
  35. ^Viagas, Robert. "The Verdict. Reviews for Encores! 'Little Shop of Horrors'", Playbill.com, July 2, 2015
  36. ^Brantley, Ben. "Review: Jake Gyllenhaal Sings in Little Shop of Horrors", The New York Times, July 2, 2015
  37. ^Official Australian tour website, LittleShopTour.com.au, accessed August 24, 2017
  38. ^"2016 – Nominations and Winners", Sydney Theatre Awards, accessed August 24, 2017
  39. ^"Past nominees and winners: 2016", HelpmannAwards.com, accessed 27 August 2017
  40. ^Tongue, Cassie. "Little Shop of Horrors review – black comedy triumph thrusts cult classic into contemporary Australia", The Guardian, February 24, 2016
  41. ^Hewis, Ben. "In rehearsals with Rhydian and the cast of Little Shop of Horrors", Whatsonstage.com, 29 July 2016; and Hewis, Ben. "Review: Little Shop of Horrors (New Wimbledon Theatre)", Whatsonstage.com, 24 August 2016, accessed May 31, 2019
  42. ^Little Shop of Horrors, LittleshopUKtour.com, accessed September 16, 2016
  43. ^Little Shop of Horrors, OpenAirTheatre.com, accessed April 19, 2018
  44. ^"Jemima Rooper, Marc Antolin and Matt Willis cast in Little Shop of Horrors at Regent's Park". The Stage. April 26, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  45. ^Cavendish, Dominic. "Little Shop of Horrors, Open Air Theatre, Regent’s Park review: a bellyful of fun but not enough bite", The Telegraph, August 12, 2018
  46. ^McPhee, Ryan (July 22, 2019). "Jonathan Groff, Tammy Blanchard, Christian Borle to Headline Little Shop of Horrors Revival". Playbill. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  47. ^Clement, Olivia (September 17, 2019). "Little Shop of Horrors Returns Off-Broadway Starring Jonathan Groff, Tammy Blanchard, Christian Borle". Playbill.
  48. ^Clement, Olivia. "MTC Cancels Spring Offerings, NYTW Postpones Three Sisters, and More—How NYC's Coronavirus Restrictions Impacts Off-Broadway Houses", Playbill, March 23, 2020
  49. ^Gans, Andrew. "Little Shop of Horrors Revival, Starring Jeremy Jordan, Reopens Off-Broadway September 21", Playbill, September 21, 2021
  50. ^Wild, Stephi. "LITTLE SHOP OF HORRORS Will Release Cast Album Featuring Jonathan Groff, Tammy Blanchard and Christian Borle". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved 2021-10-18.
  51. ^"Little Shop of Horrors". Pasadena Playhouse. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  52. ^"Review: 'Little Shop of Horrors' at Pasadena Playhouse finds humanity amid the musical camp". Los Angeles Times. 2019-09-27. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  53. ^"Mj Rodriguez & George Salazar: Suddenly Seymour". Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  54. ^ abcMusic Theatre International. ""Little Shop of Horrors", Casting – Character Breakdown". Retrieved 25 December 2008.
  55. ^See, for example, "Prattsburgh Central School, Audrey II Rental"
  56. ^Kit, Borys (February 24, 2020). "Chris Evans in Talks to Star in Greg Berlanti's 'Little Shop of Horrors'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 24, 2020.
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  58. ^"1982-1983 Outer Critics Circle Awards". Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  59. ^"New York Drama Critics' Circle Past Awards". Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  60. ^"26th Annual Grammy Awards". grammy.com. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
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  67. ^Olivia Clement (May 1, 2020). "Adrienne Warren, Danny Burstein, and Danielle Brooks Among 2020 Drama League Award Nominees". Playbill. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  68. ^Olivia Clement (May 11, 2020). "Moulin Rouge! Leads 2020 Outer Critics Circle Award Honorees". Playbill. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
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  • Ganzl, Kurt. The Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre: 2nd Edition. Schirmer Books, 2001
  • Kennedy P., Michael & John Muir. Musicals. Harper Collins Publishers, 1997.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Shop_of_Horrors_(musical)

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