Music downloads 2013

Music downloads 2013 DEFAULT


Tags: Market dataRIAA

riaa-revsIt’s raining music industry stats today. First, the IFPI revealed its global music sales figures for 2013, and now US industry body the RIAA has published its 2013 Music Industry Shipment and Revenue Statistics report too.

Overall, US industry revenues dipped 0.3% in 2013 to $7bn – the fourth consecutive year that it’s hovered around this mark. Within that, digital music accounted for $4.4bn of income: 64% of the overall market.

The RIAA breaks that down by format. Physical sales were down 12% in 2013 to $2.4bn, accounting for 35% of the overall market. Download sales dipped 1% to $2.8bn, taking a 40% share. And subscription / streaming rose 39% to $1.4bn, accounting for 21% of industry revenues. The US ended 2013 with 6.1m paying streaming subscribers, up from 3.4m at the end of 2012.

(The remainder was accounted for by ringtones and ringback tones’ 1% share of revenues, and synchronisation income’s 3% share. Note, all these figures are the retail value.)

“Overall, 2013 sales results show the continuing emergence of streaming music models as meaningful contributors to industry revenues. As recently as 2009, 95% of US music industry revenues came from traditional purchasing (with the majority in physical formats),” explains the RIAA’s report.

“In 2013, 21% of revenues came from streaming models, where fans can listen to vast libraries of music either for free or as part of a subscription, and nearly 2/3 of total revenues came from digitally distributed formats. All of this shows the music industry today has grown into a diverse digital business teeming with a wide variety of innovative services catering to all types of music fans.”

revsExpect plenty of debate about the impact streaming music is having on the US market. Focusing on income, the decline in downloads meant around $26m of lost revenues, while the growth of ad-supported streaming alone added nearly double that – $49.1m – let alone the $228.2m of additional subscription streaming value in 2013.

Streaming is more than making up for the decline in download sales in the US. The concern – just as it is for the IFPI’s global figures – is that streaming is having to shoulder not just falling digital sales, but the ongoing decline of CD sales too.

In that sense, 2014 is going to be an important year in proving whether the US can follow the same upward curve as Sweden and Norway in terms of streaming’s growth increasing the overall pie to an extent that cannibalisation of existing formats recedes as a concern.

Stuart Dredge

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Music Streaming Eats Downloads With On-Demand Up 42% Over 2013, Digital Sales Down 12%

Nielsen’s U.S. music report on the first half of 2014 shows digital music consumption rapidly shifting from downloads to streaming. On-demand streaming was up 42% over the first half of 2013, racking up 70 billion play in the first half of 2014. Meanwhile, digital track sales fell 13% to 593.6 million and album sales fell 11.6% to 53.8 million. The report on US trends (not international) makes Apple’s acquisition of Beats looks smart, as its iTunes download sales model is quickly dying out. As a whole, dismal digital and physical sales dragged total music sales plus streaming industry down 3.3%.

Back in the analog world, hipsters are making a serious impact as vinyl sales rose 40% over 2013 to 4 million in the first half of this year. That’s the only medium where sales grew.

[Update: It’s important to note that abroad, where iTunes is available in 83+ countries and streaming services often aren’t, the download may survive longer.]

Music Sales And Streaming Numbers

If you use the standard 10X multiplier convert album sales to tracks, you get a combined 1.131 billion songs sold in the first half of 2014, down 12% from that period in 2013.

While YouTube’s music videos have been strong provider of music streaming for years, the rise of apps like Spotify is pushing on-demand audio music streaming to grow faster (+50%) than video (+35%). The two are now nearly the same size, as 33.65 billion songs were streamed in the first half of 2014, compared to 36.64 billion music video streams. At this rate, pure audio streaming will overcome music video streaming in the U.S. by the end of 2014. Internationally, where many of the top streaming apps aren’t always available, YouTube is probably still a bigger chunk of consumption.

You can see Nielsen’s full report here:

View this document on Scribd

The State Of MusicTech

The music industry’s rapid recent changes make more sense after looking at this report. With the death of the download and the rise of the stream, power is up for grabs. While iTunes and to a lesser extent Amazon ruled the age of the legal download, Spotify, Google Music, and Beats are poised to reign over the streaming era.

beats-personalizationThat’s why Apple bought Beats. A source close to iTunes’ executives told me before the acquisition that Apple didn’t want to shock users and the music industry’s bottom line by suddenly converting iTunes into a streaming service. Instead, it bought Beats to allow for a graceful transition, permitting late-adopters to stick with the familiar a la carte download model while early adopters moved to Beats’ all-you-can-hear streaming subscription.

Google just acquired contextual playlist app Songza to bolster its bolster its on-demand Google Music All-Access streaming service. Google’s combatant looked a bit dry before, especially compared to Beats’ focus on expertly crafted playlists for different themes, situations, and moods. Now Google Music has a more human understanding of what people want to hear and when.

Spotify has raised over a half a billion dollars, making it too big to buy for all but the biggest players like Google, Microsoft, and Facebook. At this rate it’s going to fly independent into an IPO, though that could be tough to sell since it’s saddled with high royalty rates that scale alongside it’s popularity. Spotify bought data provider EchoNest earlier this year, and is now experimenting with an API that let’s users play their Spotify music through third-party apps. Becoming the legal backbone of music streaming in tons of apps could make its subscription more attractive to users, and I see developing an ecosystem of niche music apps around it as high-potential way to fight the platform owners.

milk_music_-_with_dial_-_foster_the_peopleSamsung is trying to popularize its own device-specific music service with Milk, but since its phones run Android, it highly vulnerable to Google’s native offering. While Pandora still has a huge user base, personalized radio has been commoditized and bolted on in the form of iTunes Radio and Spotify’s ad-supported version. Meanwhile, Pandora’s licensing model doesn’t allow it to offer on-demand song choices like they do, which is why I foresee it struggling in years to come.

SoundCloud offers on-demand streaming of songs and long mixtapes that users and artists upload themselves. It’s seen labels cracking down on unlicensed streaming through the app, which is trying to build out its own advertising system. While music fans view it as an authentic place to connect with artists, it’s still figuring out how to become a succesful business. The “YouTube of music” might benefit from being acquired, though Twitter recently passed on the idea, which I believe was because it needed to spend the money to get its own monetization squared away by buying ad tech companies instead.

songza-music-conciergeAmazon just launched its Prime Music on-demand service. But rather than trying to win over serious music fans, it’s using it to simply add value to Prime subscriptions that help it earn money by selling physical goods. It’s more of a threat to services courting casual listeners like Pandora who just want to hear something and aren’t too picky. YouTube is expected to launch its on-demand music streaming subscription service soon as a complement to its ad supported music video streaming that gets little press but is extremely popular, especially with kids. While the on-demand service has a tough uphill climb ahead given Google already has its native Music All-Access service to promote, its free browser-based videos reduce the need to pay for a dedicated music app.

In 15 years we’ve gone from CDs to Napster piracy to iTunes downloads to Pandora radio to YouTube’s music video streaming to Spotify’s audio streaming app. Perhaps the next shift will finally see the labels loosen their death grips and allow a cornucopia of music discovery apps to flourish atop a few legal rights holders so everyone can get a listening experience that’s their jam.

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MusicDownloads free response answer

The MusicDownloads problem from the 2013 AP Computer Science Exam is typical of free response problems that test lists.

MusicDownloads is #1 from the from the 2013 AP Computer Science A Free Response problems.

MusicDownloads Part (a): getDownloadInfo

public DownloadInfo getDownloadInfo(String title) { for(DownloadInfo info : downloadList) if(title.equals(info.getTitle())) return info; return null; }

Finding a matching element requires a simple traversal of downloadList. A foreach loop is appropriate since it is not necessary to access multiple elements, add elements, remove elements or determine the index of an element.

Since the matching is to be done by title, the getTitle method of each DownloadInfo object must be run. String objects must be compared using the equals method.

Returning immediately upon finding a matching element (as opposed to storing the element and returning later) reduces the chance of an error. The method simply returns null if no matching element was found.

MusicDownloads Part (b): updateDownloads

public void updateDownloads(List<String> titles) { for(String title : titles) { DownloadInfo info = getDownloadInfo(title); if(info != null) info.incrementTimesDownloaded(); else downloadList.add(new DownloadInfo(title)); } }

The method from Part (a) can be used to find the DownloadInfo object that matches a given title. If the return value of getDownloadInfo is anything other than nullincrementTimesDownloaded must be run on the object. If the return value is null a new DownloadInfo object must be constructed and added to the downloadList.

A foreach loop makes it easy to perform the required operation for each String in titles.

Storing the value returned by getDownloadInfo eliminates the need to run the method multiple times.

Get AP CS Help

Beyoncé - Pretty Hurts (Video)

As Downloads Dip, Music Executives Cast a Wary Eye on Streaming Services

As sales of CDs plunged over the last decade, the music industry clung to one comfort: downloads continued to sell briskly as people filled their computers and iPods with songs by the billions.

Now even that certainty seems to have disappeared, as downloads head toward their first yearly decline.

So far this year, 1.01 billion track downloads have been sold in the United States, down 4 percent from the same time last year, according to the tracking service Nielsen SoundScan. Album downloads are up 2 percent, to 91.9 million; combining these results using the industry’s standard yardstick of 10 tracks to an album, total digital sales are down almost 1 percent.

After enjoying double-digit growth in the years after Apple opened its iTunes store in 2003, song downloads began to cool several years ago. But the rate of decline this year — weekly sales began to lag in February, and the drop has accelerated rapidly in recent months — has caught the business by surprise.

Music executives and analysts disagree about exactly what is causing this slowdown, but many cite streaming music services like Pandora, Spotify and YouTube as one possible cause. After a decade, consumers may be losing interest in buying downloads and instead turning to the streaming services, which make millions of songs available at the tap of a smartphone app, free or for a few dollars a month.

Even as downloads decline, however, some experts say that rapidly growing income from streaming may finally help turn the overall industry toward positive results. Last year, streaming and subscription services generated $1.03 billion in revenue, up 59 percent from the year before, according to the Recording Industry Association of America, and many of these providers are reporting robust growth this year.

Whether streaming has had any demonstrable effect on sales remains intensely debated, though. Do Spotify and YouTube, which let users choose the songs they play, cannibalize sales, or lead listeners to songs they may buy later? And do Pandora and other radiolike providers — Apple introduced a similar feature, iTunes Radio, last month — compete with sales at all, or just with radio?

“We just don’t know that consumers are abandoning one to go to the other,” said David Bakula, a senior analyst at Nielsen.

Some experts also point to the rise of Android devices as a possible factor in the drop in downloads. While phones using Google’s operating system now represent a majority of sales, Google’s Play store remains eclipsed by iTunes, by far the dominant music retailer.

Some research also suggests that Android users may spend less money on music than Apple customers. The NPD Group, a market research firm, reported this year that 54 percent of iPhone users — whose operating system is iOS — said in a survey that they were likely to buy music, compared with 30 percent for Android customers.

“As Android expands its market, and if Android users are less likely than iOS users to pay for music, we should expect to see evidence of changes in digital sales,” said Glenn Peoples, the senior editorial analyst at Billboard.

No publicly available sales data directly supports this premise, however, and others dispute it. Mr. Bakula, the Nielsen analyst, said that “whether or not Android users download less than iOS users, there’s no reason to think that that is having any impact on year-over-year sales.”

A Google spokeswoman declined to comment.

Whatever the reason for the decline in downloads, many analysts and executives say they are bullish on the industry’s prospects, largely because of the rise of streaming.

“A variety of access models are collectively generating a healthy amount of revenue for labels and artists,” said Jonathan Lamy, a spokesman for the recording industry association. “We’ve still got a ways to go, but when you add up revenues from all of these models, in the aggregate, they represent real revenues now and prospects for a bright future.”


Downloads 2013 music

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Songs that Take You Back to Summer 16 🌴 Best Summer Songs of 2016

Here's How Android Users Can Download 2013's Most Popular Songs For Free

Arcade Fire's Win Butler at The 24th Annual KROQ Almost Acoustic Christmas - Day 2
Kevin Winter/Getty Images
The Google Play Store just launched a new promotion called Play Picks 2013. Music lovers who happen to own an Android device can download a selection of 2013's most popular songs for free.

Some of the selections aren't surprising. Kanye West, Arcade Fire, and Drake claimed the top three spots, while the rest of the list was populated by indie artists like CHVRCHES and more popular personalities like Rihanna.

However, The Verge writes that there is one catch. You'll have to give Google your credit card number. The downloads are free, but Google needs this information to verify your account.

Fortunately, Google Play will refer you to several discounted albums to purchase such as Lorde's Pure Heroine to make this sale even better. Other big albums from 2013 that are available for a special download include Katy Perry's PRISM and Robin Thicke's Blurred Lines.

Act fast since this is a limited time sale. 

You can download all the songs and albums here.


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