Columbus georgia census

Columbus georgia census DEFAULT

Columbus, Georgia


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Current weather forecast for Columbus, GA

Population in July 2007: 185,888.
Males: 90,427  (48.6%)
Females: 95,461  (51.4%)
Median resident age:32.6 years
Georgia median age:33.4 years

Zip codes:31907.

Estimated median household income in 2019: $47,008 (it was $34,853 in 2000)
Columbus:$47,008
GA:$61,980

Estimated per capita income in 2019: $27,465 (it was $18,276 in 2000)

Columbus city income, earnings, and wages data

Estimated median house or condo value in 2019: $139,568 (it was $83,200 in 2000)
Columbus:$139,568
GA:$202,500

Mean prices in 2019:all housing units: $223,850; detached houses: $224,348; townhouses or other attached units: $289,650; in 2-unit structures: $225,222; in 3-to-4-unit structures: $171,959; in 5-or-more-unit structures: $241,258; mobile homes: $39,402March 2019 cost of living index in Columbus: 86.8 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

Columbus, GA residents, houses, and apartments details

Detailed information about poverty and poor residents in Columbus, GA

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According to our research of Georgia and other state lists, there were 722 registered sex offenders living in Columbus, Georgia as of October 18, 2021.
The ratio of all residents to sex offenders in Columbus is 257 to 1.


The City-Data.com crime index weighs serious crimes and violent crimes more heavily. Higher means more crime, U.S. average is 270.6. It adjusts for the number of visitors and daily workers commuting into cities.

- means the value is smaller than the state average.
- means the value is about the same as the state average.
- means the value is bigger than the state average.
- means the value is much bigger than the state average.

Click on a table row to update graph

City-data.com crime index in Columbus, GA

Crime rate in Columbus detailed stats: murders, rapes, robberies, assaults, burglaries, thefts, arson

Full-time law enforcement employees in 2018, including police officers: 503 (403 officers).
Officers per 1,000 residents here:2.08
Georgia average:2.52
City-Data.com Blog Recent articles from our blog. Our writers, many of them Ph.D. graduates or candidates, create easy-to-read articles on a wide variety of topics.

Latest news from Columbus, GA collected exclusively by city-data.com from local newspapers, TV, and radio stations

3 shot overnight in Columbus

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Ancestries: United States (9.8%), German (6.7%), Irish (6.6%), English (6.2%), Italian (1.6%), Scotch-Irish (1.5%).

Current Local Time: EST time zone

Elevation: 300 feet

Land area: 216.1 square miles.

Population density: 860 people per square mile  (low).

Columbus, Georgia map

8,632 residents are foreign born (1.8% Latin America, 1.4% Europe, 1.2% Asia).

This city:4.6%
Georgia:7.1%
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units in 2000:
Columbus city :0.6% ($467)
Georgia:0.9% ($919)

Nearest city with pop. 200,000+: Montgomery, AL (78.7 miles , pop. 201,568).

Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Houston, TX (646.1 miles , pop. 1,953,631).

Nearest cities:

Latitude: 32.49 N, Longitude: 84.94 W

Daytime population change due to commuting: +18,456 (+9.9%)
Workers who live and work in this city: 71,631 (86.5%)

Area code: 706

Distribution of median household income in Columbus, GA in 2019
Columbus satellite photo by USGS

Columbus tourist attractions:

Columbus, Georgia accommodation & food services, waste management - Economy and Business Data

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 1997: 633 buildings, average cost: $80,500
  • 1998: 622 buildings, average cost: $104,600
  • 1999: 574 buildings, average cost: $97,700
  • 2000: 556 buildings, average cost: $94,900
  • 2001: 506 buildings, average cost: $103,300
  • 2002: 615 buildings, average cost: $99,400
  • 2003: 704 buildings, average cost: $112,400
  • 2004: 701 buildings, average cost: $104,100
  • 2005: 846 buildings, average cost: $106,300
  • 2006: 710 buildings, average cost: $105,700
  • 2007: 488 buildings, average cost: $105,900
  • 2008: 286 buildings, average cost: $105,800
  • 2009: 223 buildings, average cost: $105,900
  • 2010: 224 buildings, average cost: $105,900
  • 2011: 217 buildings, average cost: $105,900
  • 2012: 262 buildings, average cost: $105,900
  • 2013: 318 buildings, average cost: $105,900
  • 2014: 333 buildings, average cost: $105,900
  • 2015: 290 buildings, average cost: $204,200
  • 2016: 270 buildings, average cost: $191,900
  • 2017: 311 buildings, average cost: $195,300
  • 2018: 326 buildings, average cost: $194,500
  • 2019: 293 buildings, average cost: $188,600
Number of permits per 10,000 Columbus, GA residents
Average permit cost in Columbus, GA
Unemployment in November 2020:
Most common industries in Columbus, GA (%)
BothMalesFemales
Most common industries in 2000
  • Health care (10.1%)
  • Educational services (8.9%)
  • Finance & insurance (8.8%)
  • Accommodation & food services (7.7%)
  • Public administration (6.0%)
  • Construction (6.0%)
  • Textile mills & textile products (3.3%)
Most common industries for males in 2000
  • Construction (11.1%)
  • Public administration (7.2%)
  • Finance & insurance (6.7%)
  • Accommodation & food services (6.3%)
  • Health care (5.0%)
  • Educational services (4.7%)
  • Textile mills & textile products (4.1%)
Most common industries for females in 2000
  • Health care (15.2%)
  • Educational services (13.0%)
  • Finance & insurance (10.8%)
  • Accommodation & food services (9.2%)
  • Public administration (4.9%)
  • Social assistance (4.4%)
  • Professional, scientific, technical services (3.3%)
Most common occupations in Columbus, GA (%)
BothMalesFemales
Most common occupations in 2000
  • Other office and administrative support workers, including supervisors (4.5%)
  • Other production occupations, including supervisors (4.4%)
  • Other management occupations, except farmers and farm managers (4.0%)
  • Other sales and related occupations, including supervisors (3.5%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (3.4%)
  • Retail sales workers, except cashiers (3.2%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary, and middle school teachers (3.0%)
Most common occupations for males in 2000
  • Other production occupations, including supervisors (5.6%)
  • Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair workers, including supervisors (4.7%)
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (4.5%)
  • Other management occupations, except farmers and farm managers (4.2%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (3.8%)
  • Other sales and related occupations, including supervisors (3.8%)
  • Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers (3.2%)
Most common occupations for females in 2000
  • Other office and administrative support workers, including supervisors (6.4%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary, and middle school teachers (4.9%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (4.4%)
  • Cashiers (4.3%)
  • Retail sales workers, except cashiers (4.0%)
  • Other management occupations, except farmers and farm managers (3.8%)
  • Customer service representatives (3.5%)

Average climate in Columbus, Georgia

Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations

Columbus, Georgia average temperaturesColumbus, Georgia average precipitationColumbus, Georgia humidityColumbus, Georgia wind speedColumbus, Georgia snowfallColumbus, Georgia sunshineColumbus, Georgia clear and cloudy days
Air pollution and air quality trends
(lower is better)
AQISO2OzonePM2.5Pb
Air Quality Index

Air Quality Index (AQI) level in 2018 was 60.9. This is better than average.

Sulfur Dioxide Level

Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) [ppb] level in 2012 was 1.11. This is significantly better than average.Closest monitor was 2.2 miles away from the city center.

Ozone Level

Ozone [ppb] level in 2018 was 28.3. This is about average.Closest monitor was 1.0 miles away from the city center.

Particulate Matter Level

Particulate Matter (PM2.5) [µg/m3] level in 2018 was 6.84. This is better than average.Closest monitor was 2.2 miles away from the city center.

Lead Level

Lead (Pb) [µg/m3] level in 2008 was 0.00433. This is significantly better than average.Closest monitor was 0.9 miles away from the city center.

Tornado activity:

Columbus-area historical tornado activity is near Georgia state average. It is 37% greater than the overall U.S. average.

On 4/18/1953, a category F3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado 1.4 miles away from the Columbus city center killed 8 peopleand injured 495 peopleand causedbetween $5,000,000 and $50,000,000 in damages.

On 3/31/1961, a category F3 tornado 3.6 miles away from the city center injured 7 peopleand causedbetween $5000 and $50,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Columbus-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above Georgia state average. It is 33% greater than the overall U.S. average.

On 4/29/2003 at 08:59:39, a magnitude 4.9 (4.4 MB, 4.6 MW, 4.9 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 144.2 miles away from the city center
On 10/24/1997 at 08:35:17, a magnitude 4.9 (4.8 MB, 4.2 MS, 4.9 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 166.5 miles away from the city center
On 1/18/1999 at 07:00:53, a magnitude 4.8 (4.8 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 0.6 mi) earthquake occurred 148.5 miles away from Columbus center
On 8/2/1974 at 08:52:09, a magnitude 4.9 (4.3 MB, 4.9 LG) earthquake occurred 171.2 miles away from the city center
On 4/29/2003 at 08:59:39, a magnitude 4.6 (4.6 MW, Depth: 12.3 mi) earthquake occurred 144.2 miles away from the city center
On 6/24/1975 at 11:11:36, a magnitude 4.5 (4.5 MB) earthquake occurred 188.3 miles away from Columbus center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Natural disasters:

The number of natural disasters in Muscogee County (7) is smaller than the US average (15).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 5
Emergencies Declared: 1

Causes of natural disasters: Storms: 4, Floods: 3, Tornadoes: 3, Hurricanes: 2, Other: 1 (Note: some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).Columbus topographic map

Main business address for: SYNOVUS FINANCIAL CORP (NATIONAL COMMERCIAL BANKS), TOMS FOODS INC (MISCELLANEOUS FOOD PREPARATIONS & KINDRED PRODUCTS), CARMIKE CINEMAS INC (SERVICES-MOTION PICTURE THEATERS), TOTAL SYSTEM SERVICES INC (SERVICES-BUSINESS SERVICES, NEC), AFLAC INC (ACCIDENT & HEALTH INSURANCE).

Hospitals in Columbus:

  • BRADLEY CENTER OF ST FRANCIS, THE (provides emergency services, 2000 16TH AVE PO BOX 7000)
  • COLUMBUS HOSPICE, INC. (7020 MOON ROAD)
  • COLUMBUS SPECIALTY HOSPITAL INC (710 CENTER STREET 9TH FLOOR)
  • DOCTORS HOSPITAL (Government - Hospital District or Authority, provides emergency services, 616 19TH STREET)
  • HOSPICE CARE AIDS (1310 13TH AVENUE STE 200, P O BOX 9401)
  • HUGHSTON SPORTS MEDICINE HOSPITAL (6260 HAMILTON RD)
  • MEDICAL CENTER, THE (Voluntary non-profit - Other, provides emergency services, 710 CENTER ST BOX 951)
  • ST FRANCIS HOSPITAL, INC (Voluntary non-profit - Private, 2122 MANCHESTER EXPRESSWAY)
  • VISTACARE OF GEORGIA- COLUMBUS (100 BROOKSTONE CENTER PARKWAY)
  • WEST CENTRAL GA REG HOSP (3000 SCHATULGA RD BOX 12435)
  • WIREGRASS HOSPICE-COLUMBUS (5669 WHITESVILLE ROAD, SUITE A)

Airports and heliports located in Columbus:

See details about Airports and heliports located in Columbus, GA

Amtrak station:

COLUMBUS (818 VETERANS PKY.) - Bus Station . Services: enclosed waiting area, public restrooms, public payphones, vending machines.

Colleges/Universities in Columbus:

  • Columbus State University (Full-time enrollment: 6,876; Location: 4225 University Ave; Public; Website: www.columbusstate.edu; Offers Doctor's degree)
  • Columbus Technical College (Full-time enrollment: 3,241; Location: 928 Manchester Expy; Public; Website: www.columbustech.edu/)
  • University of Phoenix-Columbus Georgia Campus (Full-time enrollment: 748; Location: 7200 N. Lake Drive; Private, for-profit; Website: www.phoenix.edu; Offers Master's degree)
  • Miller-Motte Technical College-Columbus (Full-time enrollment: 584; Location: 1800 Box Rd; Private, for-profit; Website: www.miller-motte.edu)
  • Virginia College-Columbus (Full-time enrollment: 423; Location: 5601 Veterans Parkway; Private, for-profit; Website: www.vc.edu/college/columbus-georgia-colleges.cfm)
  • Rivertown School of Beauty Barber Skin Care and Nails (Full-time enrollment: 349; Location: 4747 E Hamilton Road; Private, for-profit; Website: rivertownschoolofbeauty.com)
  • Southeastern Beauty School-Columbus North Lumpkin (Full-time enrollment: 144; Location: 3535 Macon Road; Private, for-profit; Website: www.sebs.edu)
  • Southeastern Beauty School-Columbus Midtown (Location: 1826 Midtown Dr; Private, for-profit)

Other colleges/universities with over 2000 students near Columbus:

  • Auburn University (about 34 miles; Auburn University, AL; Full-time enrollment: 22,741)
  • Tuskegee University (about 46 miles; Tuskegee, AL; FT enrollment: 2,810)
  • Georgia Southwestern State University (about 52 miles; Americus, GA; FT enrollment: 2,689)
  • Southern Union State Community College (about 58 miles; Wadley, AL; FT enrollment: 4,120)
  • Gordon State College (about 60 miles; Barnesville, GA; FT enrollment: 3,336)
  • Fort Valley State University (about 62 miles; Fort Valley, GA; FT enrollment: 3,200)
  • Southern Crescent Technical College (about 66 miles; Griffin, GA; FT enrollment: 4,168)

Public high schools in Columbus:

  • HARDAWAY HIGH SCHOOL(Students: 1,503, Location: 2901 COLLEGE DR, Grades: 9-12)
  • COLUMBUS HIGH SCHOOL(Students: 1,257, Location: 1700 CHEROKEE AVE, Grades: 9-12)
  • NORTHSIDE HIGH SCHOOL(Students: 1,255, Location: 2002 AMERICAN WAY, Grades: 9-12)
  • SHAW HIGH SCHOOL(Students: 1,227, Location: 7579 RAIDER WAY, Grades: 9-12)
  • CARVER HIGH SCHOOL(Students: 1,069, Location: 3100 8TH ST, Grades: 9-12)
  • KENDRICK HIGH SCHOOL(Students: 1,059, Location: 6015 GEORGETOWN DR, Grades: 9-12)
  • SPENCER HIGH SCHOOL(Students: 900, Location: 4340 VICTORY DR, Grades: 9-12)
  • JORDAN VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL(Students: 897, Location: 3200 HOWARD AVE, Grades: 9-12)
  • EARLY COLLEGE ACADEMY OF COLUMBUS AT WAVERLY TERRA(Students: 165, Location: 2701 11TH AVE, Grades: 9-12)

Private high schools in Columbus:

  • BROOKSTONE SCHOOL (Students: 786, Location: 440 BRADLEY PARK DR, Grades: PK-12)
  • CALVARY CHRISTIAN SCHOOL (Students: 571, Location: 7556 OLD MOON RD, Grades: PK-12)
  • ST ANNE-PACELLI CATHOLIC SCHOOL (Students: 531, Location: 2020 KAY CIR, Grades: PK-12)
  • GRACE CHRISTIAN SCHOOL (Students: 141, Location: 2915 14TH AVE, Grades: PK-12)
  • BRIDGES LEARNING CENTER (Students: 6, Location: 1327 WARREN WILLIAMS RD, Grades: KG-11)
  • LIGHTHOUSE CHRISTIAN ACADEMY (Students: 4, Location: 3641 NORRIS RD, Grades: 4-12)

Biggest public elementary/middle schools in Columbus:

Sours: http://www.city-data.com/city/Columbus-Georgia.html

U.S Census reports Columbus is now 2nd largest city in Georgia

COLUMBUS, Ga. (WTVM) - It’s official, Columbus is Georgia’s second largest city, narrowly beating Augusta in population over the last decade.

Columbus’ population was over 206,000 according to the U.S. Census Bureau figures released today.

That’s about 4,000 more than Augusta. In 2010, Columbus’ reported population was just shy of 190,000 while Augusta neared 200,000.

Columbus Mayor Skip Henderson says this is great news for a couple of different reasons.

“Certainly the census numbers have a lot to do with federal funding everything from education to housing… just about anything that you can imagine. So it is very exciting to us to get an accurate count,” said Mayor Henderson.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, statewide the Peach State grew in population by roughly 11%, in other words gained over 1 million residents.

Copyright 2021 WTVM. All rights reserved.

Sours: https://www.wtvm.com/2021/08/13/us-census-reports-columbus-is-now-2nd-largest-city-georgia/
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Is Columbus the best Georgia city for your business?

population icon Population 2020

With 206,922 people, Columbus is the 2nd most populated city in the state of Georgia out of 621 cities. But watch out, Columbus, because Augusta-Richmond County with 206,607 people and Macon-Bibb County with 157,346 people are right behind you.

race icon Race & Ethnicity 2020

The largest Columbus racial/ethnic groups are Black (45.7%) followed by White (38.2%) and Hispanic (7.9%).

income icon Median Income 2019

In 2019, the median household income of Columbus households was $46,408. Columbus households made slightly more than Dearing households ($46,136), Empire households ($46,250), Montrose households ($46,250), and Rocky Ford households ($46,250) . However, 16.0% of Columbus families live in poverty.

age icon Median Age 2019

The median age for Columbus residents is 34.0 years young.

Sours: https://www.georgia-demographics.com/columbus-demographics
Columbus - Georgia - 4K Downtown Drive

Columbus, Georgia

Consolidated city-county in the United States

Columbus, Georgia

Columbus Consolidated Government
Downtown skyline on the banks of the Chattahoochee River

Downtown skyline on the banks of the Chattahoochee River

Flag of Columbus, Georgia

Flag

Official seal of Columbus, Georgia

Seal

Official logo of Columbus, Georgia
Nicknames: 

The Fountain City or The Lowell of the South

Motto(s): 

We Do Amazing

Location within Georgia

Location within Georgia

Columbus is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Columbus

Columbus

Location within the state of Georgia

Show map of Georgia (U.S. state)
Columbus is located in the United States
Columbus

Columbus

Location within the USA

Show map of the United States
Coordinates: 32°29′32″N84°56′25″W / 32.49222°N 84.94028°W / 32.49222; -84.94028Coordinates: 32°29′32″N84°56′25″W / 32.49222°N 84.94028°W / 32.49222; -84.94028
Country United States
State Georgia
CountyMuscogee
Founded1828
Named forChristopher Columbus
 • MayorB. H. "Skip" Henderson III
 • City ManagerIsaiah Hugley
 • Consolidated city-county221.01 sq mi (572.41 km2)
 • Land216.50 sq mi (560.73 km2)
 • Water4.51 sq mi (11.68 km2)
Elevation243 ft (74 m)
 • Consolidated city-county206,922
 • Rank112th in the United States
2nd in Georgia
 • Density955.76/sq mi (369.02/km2)
 • Metro

[3]

328,883 (157th)
Demonym(s)Columbusite
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes

31820, 31829, 31900–09, 31914, 31917, 31993–94, 31997–99

Area code(s)706, 762
FIPS code13-19007
GNIS feature ID0331158[4]
AirportColumbus Airport (CSG)
WebsiteCity of Columbus

Columbus is a consolidated city-county located on the west-central border of the U.S. state of Georgia. Columbus lies on the Chattahoochee River directly across from Phenix City, Alabama. It is the county seat of Muscogee County, with which it officially merged in 1970.[5] Columbus is the second-largest city in Georgia (after Atlanta), and fields the state's fourth-largest metropolitan area. According to the 2020 United States census, Columbus has a population of 206,922 residents,[2] with 328,883 in the Columbus metropolitan area.[3] The metro area joins the nearby Alabama cities of Auburn and Opelika to form the Columbus–Auburn–Opelika Combined Statistical Area, which has an estimated population of 486,645 in 2019, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.[6]

Columbus lies 100 miles (160 km) southwest of Atlanta. Fort Benning, the United States Army's Maneuver Center of Excellence and a major employer, is located south of the city in southern Muscogee and Chattahoochee counties. Columbus is home to museums and tourism sites, including the National Infantry Museum, dedicated to the U.S. Army's Infantry Branch. It has the longest urban whitewater rafting course in the world constructed on the Chattahoochee River.

History[edit]

See also: Timeline of Columbus, Georgia

Beginnings[edit]

This was for centuries and more the traditional territory of the Creek Indians, who became known as one of the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast after European contact. Those who lived closest to white-occupied areas conducted considerable trading and adopted some European-American ways.

Founded in 1828 by an act of the Georgia Legislature, Columbus was situated at the beginning of the navigable portion of the Chattahoochee River and on the last stretch of the Federal Road before entering Alabama. The city was named for Christopher Columbus. The plan for the city was drawn up by Dr. Edwin L. DeGraffenried, who placed the town on a bluff overlooking the river. Across the river to the west, where Phenix City, Alabama, is now located, Creeks still lived until they were forcibly removed in 1836 by the federal government to make way for European-American settlers.

The river served as Columbus's connection to the world, particularly enabling it to ship its commodity cotton crops from the plantations to the international cotton market via New Orleans and ultimately Liverpool, England. The city's commercial importance increased in the 1850s with the arrival of the railroad. In addition, textile mills were developed along the river, bringing industry to an area reliant upon agriculture. By 1860, the city was one of the more important industrial centers of the South, earning it the nickname the Lowell of the South, referring to an important textile mill town in Massachusetts.[7]

Civil War and Reconstruction[edit]

Main article: Battle of Columbus (1865)

An 1863 broadsidepublished in Columbus warning of an impending attack

When the Civil War broke out in 1861, the industries of Columbus expanded their production; this became one of the most important centers of industry in the Confederacy. During the war, Columbus ranked second to Richmond in the manufacture of supplies for the Confederate army. The Eagle Manufacturing Company made various textiles, especially woolens for Confederate uniforms. The Columbus Iron Works manufactured cannons and machinery for the nearby Confederate Navy shipyard, Greenwood and Gray made firearms, and Louis and Elias Haimon produced swords and bayonets. Smaller firms provided additional munitions and sundries. As the war turned in favor of the Union, each industry faced exponentially growing shortages of raw materials and skilled labor, as well as worsening financial opportunities.[8][9]

Unaware of Lee's surrender to Grant and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Union and Confederates clashed in the Battle of Columbus, Georgia, on Easter Sunday, April 16, 1865, when a Union detachment of two cavalry divisions under Maj. Gen. James H. Wilson attacked the lightly defended city and burned many of the industrial buildings. John Stith Pemberton, who later developed Coca-Cola in Columbus, was wounded in this battle. Col. Charles Augustus Lafayette Lamar, owner of the last slave ship in America, was also killed here. A historic marker erected in Columbus notes that this was the site of the "Last Land Battle in the War from 1861 to 1865".

Reconstruction began almost immediately and prosperity followed. Factories such as the Eagle and Phenix Mills were revived and the industrialization of the town led to rapid growth, causing the city to outgrow its original plan. The Springer Opera House was built during this time, attracting such notables as Irish writer Oscar Wilde. The Springer is now the official State Theater of Georgia.

By the time of the Spanish–American War, the city's modernization included the addition of a new waterworks, as well as trolleys extending to outlying neighborhoods such as Rose Hill and Lakebottom. Mayor Lucius Chappell also brought a training camp for soldiers to the area. This training camp, named Camp Benning, grew into present-day Fort Benning, named for General Henry L. Benning, a native of the city.

Confederate Memorial Day[edit]

Main article: Confederate Memorial Day

In the spring of 1866, the Ladies Memorial Association of Columbus passed a resolution to set aside one day annually to memorialize the Confederate dead. The secretary of the association, Mrs. Charles J. Williams, was directed to write a letter inviting the ladies of every Southern state to join them in the observance.[10]The letter was written in March 1866 and sent to representatives of all of the principal cities in the South, including Atlanta, Macon, Montgomery, Memphis, Richmond, St. Louis, Alexandria, Columbia, and New Orleans. This was the beginning of the influential work by ladies' organizations to honor the war dead.

The date for the holiday was selected by Elizabeth Rutherford Ellis.[11] She chose April 26, the first anniversary of Confederate General Johnston's final surrender to Union General Sherman at Bennett Place, North Carolina. For many in the South, that act marked the official end of the Civil War.[10]

In 1868, General John A. Logan, commander in chief of the Union Civil War Veterans Fraternity called the Grand Army of the Republic, launched the Memorial Day holiday that is now observed across the entire United States. General Logan's wife said he had borrowed from practices of Confederate Memorial Day. She wrote that Logan "said it was not too late for the Union men of the nation to follow the example of the people of the South in perpetuating the memory of their friends who had died for the cause they thought just and right."[12]

While two dozen cities across the country claim to have originated the Memorial Day holiday, Bellware and Gardiner firmly establish that the holiday began in Columbus. In The Genesis of the Memorial Day Holiday in America, they show that the Columbus Ladies Memorial Association's call to observe a day annually to decorate soldiers' graves inaugurated a movement first in the South and then in the North to honor the soldiers who died during the Civil War.[13]

20th century[edit]

With the expansion of the city, leaders established Columbus College, a two-year institution, which later evolved into Columbus State University, now a comprehensive center of higher learning and part of the University System of Georgia.

The city government and the county consolidated in 1971, the first such consolidation in Georgia and one of only 16 in the U.S. at the time.

A pamphlet describing the history of Columbus and emphsizing Columbus's power and influence.
Columbus, Georgia: the Place with the Power and the Push

Expanding on its industrial base of textile mills, the city is the home of the headquarters for Aflac, Synovus, and TSYS.

The Muscogee County Courthouse in 1941, which was demolished in 1973.

From the 1960s through the 1980s, the subsidized construction of highways and suburbs resulted in drawing off the middle and upper classes, with urban blight, white flight, and prostitution in much of downtown Columbus and adjacent neighborhoods. Early efforts to halt the gradual deterioration of downtown began with the saving and restoration of the Springer Opera House in 1965. It was designated as the State Theatre of Georgia, helping spark a movement to preserve the city's history. This effort has documented and preserved various historic districts in and around downtown.

Through the late 1960s and early 1970s, large residential neighborhoods were built to accommodate the soldiers coming back from the Vietnam War and for those associated with Fort Benning. These range from Wesley Woods to Leesburg to Brittney and Willowbrook and the high-end Sears Woods and Windsor Park. Large tracts of blighted areas were cleaned up. A modern Columbus Consolidated Government Center was constructed in the city center. A significant period of urban renewal and revitalization followed in the mid- to late 1990s.

With these improvements, the city has attracted residents and businesses to formerly blighted areas. Municipal projects have included construction of a softball complex, which hosted the 1996 Olympic softball competition; the Chattahoochee RiverWalk; the National Civil War Naval Museum at Port Columbus; and the Coca-Cola Space Science Center. Other notable projects were the expansion of the Columbus Museum and road improvements to include a new downtown bridge crossing the Chattahoochee River and into Phenix City. During the late 1990s, commercial activity expanded north of downtown along the I-185 corridor.

Postcard of Souvenir Folder of Columbus and Fort Benning Georgia
Folder of souvenir postcards of Columbus and Fort Benning, Georgia

21st century[edit]

During the 2000s, the city began a major initiative to revitalize the downtown area. The project began with the South Commons, an area south of downtown containing the softball complex, A. J. McClung Memorial Stadium, Golden Park, the Columbus Civic Center, and the Jonathan Hatcher Skateboard Park. The National Infantry Museum was constructed in South Columbus, located outside the Fort Benning main gate.

In 2002, Columbus State University, which previously faced expansion limits due to existing residential and commercial districts surrounding it, began a second campus downtown, starting by moving the music department into the newly-opened RiverCenter for the Performing Arts. The university's art, drama, and nursing departments also moved to downtown locations. Such initiatives have provided Columbus with a cultural niche; downtown features modern architecture mixed among older brick facades.

The Ready to Raft 2012 project created an estimated 700 new jobs and is projected to bring in $42 million annually to the Columbus area. Demolishing an up-river damn allowed the project to construct the longest urban whitewater rafting course in the world.[14] According to the Columbus Convention and Visitors Bureau, this initiative, in addition to other outdoor and indoor tourist attractions, led to around 1.8 million visitors coming to Columbus during the city's 2015 fiscal year.[15]

In upcoming years, the city predicts that an additional 30,000 soldiers will be trained annually at Fort Benning due to base realignment and closure of other facilities.[16] As a result, Columbus is expected to experience a major population increase.

Geography[edit]

Columbus is one of Georgia's three Fall Line Cities, along with Augusta and Macon. The Fall Line is where the hilly lands of the Piedmontplateau meet the flat terrain of the coastal plain. As such, Columbus has a varied landscape of rolling hills on the north side and flat plains on the south. The fall line causes rivers in the area to decline rapidly towards sea level. Textile mills were established here in the 19th and early 20th centuries to take advantage of the water power from the falls.

Interstate 185 runs north-south through the middle of the city, with nine exits within Muscogee County. I-185 runs north about 50 mi (80 km) from its beginning to a junction with I-85 just east of LaGrange and about 60 mi (97 km) southwest of Atlanta. U.S. Route 27, U.S. Route 280, and Georgia State Route 520 (known as South Georgia Parkway) all meet in the interior of the city. U.S. Route 80 runs through the northern part of the city, locally known as J.R. Allen Parkway; Alternate U.S. Route 27 and Georgia State Route 85 run northeast from the city, locally known as Manchester Expressway.

The city is located at 32°29′23″N84°56′26″W / 32.489608°N 84.940422°W / 32.489608; -84.940422.[17]

According to the US Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 221.0 square miles (572 km2), of which 216.3 square miles (560 km2) are land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (2.14%) are covered by water.

Climate[edit]

Columbus has a humid subtropical climate (KöppenCfa). Daytime summer temperatures often reach highs in the mid-90°Fs, and low temperatures in the winter average in the upper 30s. Columbus is often considered a dividing line or "natural snowline" of the southeastern United States with areas north of the city receiving snowfall annually, with areas to the south typically not receiving snowfall every year or at all. Columbus is within USDA hardiness zone 8b in the city center and zone 8a in the suburbs.

Climate data for Columbus Metropolitan Airport, Georgia (1991–2020 normals,[18] extremes 1891–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
84
(29)
92
(33)
95
(35)
100
(38)
106
(41)
105
(41)
104
(40)
106
(41)
101
(38)
88
(31)
84
(29)
106
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 74
(23)
77
(25)
84
(29)
87
(31)
93
(34)
97
(36)
99
(37)
98
(37)
95
(35)
88
(31)
81
(27)
75
(24)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 58.7
(14.8)
63.2
(17.3)
70.4
(21.3)
77.7
(25.4)
85.1
(29.5)
90.2
(32.3)
92.9
(33.8)
91.8
(33.2)
87.3
(30.7)
78.3
(25.7)
68.4
(20.2)
60.6
(15.9)
77.0
(25.0)
Daily mean °F (°C) 48.5
(9.2)
52.3
(11.3)
58.9
(14.9)
65.8
(18.8)
74.1
(23.4)
80.4
(26.9)
83.2
(28.4)
82.4
(28.0)
77.6
(25.3)
67.6
(19.8)
57.3
(14.1)
50.6
(10.3)
66.6
(19.2)
Average low °F (°C) 38.2
(3.4)
41.5
(5.3)
47.3
(8.5)
54.0
(12.2)
63.1
(17.3)
70.5
(21.4)
73.5
(23.1)
73.0
(22.8)
67.9
(19.9)
56.8
(13.8)
46.1
(7.8)
40.6
(4.8)
56.0
(13.3)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 21
(−6)
26
(−3)
31
(−1)
39
(4)
49
(9)
62
(17)
68
(20)
66
(19)
56
(13)
41
(5)
30
(−1)
25
(−4)
19
(−7)
Record low °F (°C) −2
(−19)
−3
(−19)
16
(−9)
28
(−2)
39
(4)
44
(7)
59
(15)
57
(14)
38
(3)
24
(−4)
10
(−12)
4
(−16)
−3
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.24
(108)
4.46
(113)
4.92
(125)
4.03
(102)
3.24
(82)
4.03
(102)
4.35
(110)
4.68
(119)
3.34
(85)
2.78
(71)
3.96
(101)
4.79
(122)
48.82
(1,240)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.5
(1.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)10.2 8.9 9.4 8.0 7.8 10.4 11.8 11.2 7.0 6.5 7.3 10.2 108.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4
Source: NOAA[19][20]

Cityscape[edit]

One of Columbus' nicknames is "The Fountain City".

Main article: Neighborhoods in Columbus, Georgia

Columbus is divided into five geographic areas:

  • MidTown is a residential and commercial area located directly east of Downtown; several historic districts have been designated. It is the location of the corporate headquarters of Aflac.
  • North Columbus, also called Northside, is a diverse suburban area, home to established neighborhoods and subdivisions, such as Green Island Hills and Oldtown. It has multiple shopping and lifestyle areas.
  • South Columbus is situated just south of the MidTown region, and directly north of Fort Benning. It is the site of the National Infantry Museum, honoring the history of infantry forces in the U.S. Army. The museum was located here in an effort to introduce jobs and attract visitors to stimulate a variety of activities. It has had bars, honky tonks, and other businesses that appeal to young male soldiers from Fort Benning.

Surrounding cities and towns[edit]

Main article: Columbus-Auburn-Opelika, GA-AL CSA

The Columbus Metropolitan Area includes four counties in Georgia, and one in Alabama. The Columbus-Auburn-Opelika, GA-AL Combined Statistical Area includes two additional counties in Alabama. A 2013 Census estimate showed 316,554 in the metro area, with 501,649 in the combined statistical area.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18301,152
18403,114170.3%
18505,94290.8%
18609,62161.9%
18707,401−23.1%
188010,12336.8%
189017,30370.9%
190017,6141.8%
191020,55416.7%
192031,12551.4%
193043,13138.6%
194053,28023.5%
195079,61149.4%
1960116,77946.7%
1970155,02832.8%
1980169,4419.3%
1990178,6815.5%
2000186,2914.3%
2010189,8851.9%
2020206,9229.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[22]
2010–2020[2]
Map of racial distribution in Columbus, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanicor Other(yellow)
Satellite image of Columbus

As of the 2010 U.S. Census, Columbus had a total population of 189,885, up from 186,291 in the 2000 Census. The 2010 Census reported 189,885 people, 72,124 households, and 47,686 families residing in the city. The population density was 861.4 people per square mile (332.6/km2). The 82,690 housing units had an average density of 352.3 per square mile (136.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 46.3% White, 45.5% African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.14% Pacific Islander, and 1.90% from other races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.4% of the population.

Of the 69,819 households, 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 19.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were notfamilies; 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the population was distributed as 25.6% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,331, and for a family was 41,244. Males had a median income of $30,238 versus $24,336 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,514. About 12.8% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

Columbus has roughly 200 Christianchurches, with the Southern Baptist Convention being the largest denomination by number of churches.[26] Columbus is also home to three Kingdom Halls for Jehovah's Witnesses, and one Greek Orthodox Church. Other religions are represented by two synagogues, two Seventh-day Adventist churches, three mosques, a Hindu temple (the latter two reflecting an increasing number of immigrants in the region from Asia), and a Unitarian Universalist congregation.

Economy[edit]

Companies headquartered in Columbus include Aflac, TSYS, Realtree, Synovus, and the W. C. Bradley Co.

Top employers[edit]

According to Columbus' 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[27] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Fort Benning38,958
2 Muscogee County School District6,300
3 TSYS4,690
4 Aflac3,670
5 Columbus Regional Healthcare System 3,180
6 St. Francis Hospital, Inc. 3,000
7 Columbus Consolidated Government 2,910
8 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Georgia (part of Anthem) 1,650
9 Columbus State University1,360
10 Pratt & Whitney1,200

Arts and culture[edit]

Postcard of Fountains on Broadway Ave. in Columbus, GA
Postcard Hello from Columbus, GA

Points of interest[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Founded in 1953, the Columbus Museum (accredited by the American Alliance of Museums) contains artifacts of regional history and works of American art. It mounts displays from its permanent collection, as well as temporary exhibitions. It is the largest art and history museum in Georgia.
  • Moved from its previous location in Lumpkin, GA, Columbus is now home to Historic Westville.[28] With 17 buildings currently on site and interpreters throughout the village (such as our blacksmith and carpenter), guests will be able to go on a self-guided tour learning about the homes and crafts that would be found in the 19th century.
  • Columbus is home to the National Civil War Naval Museum at Port Columbus, a 40,000-square-foot (3,700 m²) facility that opened in 1962. It features two original Civil War military vessels, uniforms, equipment, and weapons used by the Union and Confederate navies.
  • The Coca-Cola Space Science Center opened in 1996 for the purpose of public education in science, physics, and astronomy. It includes four flight simulators and a planetarium.[29]
  • The National Infantry Museum and Soldier Center opened in June 2009; it includes displays related to the history of the infantry from the founding of the nation to the present. Its IMAX theatre is used to show related films and special productions.
  • The Bo Bartlett Center is a 18,000+ square foot museum and gallery space. The venue features a permanent display of large-scale paintings by Columbus native Bo Bartlett, as well as rotating exhibitions by renowned contemporary artists.[30]
  • The W.C. Bradley Museum is an 11,000 square foot art museum that features the art collection of the W.C. Bradley Company.[31] Notable artists in the collection include Bo Bartlett and Garry Pound.
Postcard of 1011 Broadway
Postcard of 1011 Broadway

Shopping[edit]

Columbus is served by one major indoor shopping mall, Peachtree Mall, which is anchored by major department stores Dillard's, Macy's, and J.C. Penney. The total retail floor area is 821,000 f2t (76,300 m2). Major strip malls include Columbus Park Crossing, which opened in 2003, and The Landings, which opened in 2005. Columbus is also served by The Shoppes at Bradley Park, a lifestyle center.

MidTown contains two of the city's early suburban shopping centers (the Village on 13th and St. Elmo), both recently renovated and offering local shops, restaurants, and services.

Major venues[edit]

Below is the list of major venues in the city of Columbus:

  • A. J. McClung Memorial Stadium, a football stadium, was the site of the football games between the Georgia Bulldogs and the Auburn Tigers (the Deep South's Oldest Rivalry) from 1916 to 1958. It became the home of college football's Pioneer Bowl in December 2010, and hosts annual rivalry games between Tuskegee University and Morehouse College, as well as between Albany State University and Fort Valley State University.
  • The Bradley Theater, a performance theatre, was opened in mid-1940 by Paramount Pictures.
  • Columbus Civic Center, a 10,000-seat multi-purpose arena that opened in 1996. It is the primary arena used for concert and professional sporting events in Columbus. The Columbus Lions indoor football team and Columbus River Dragons ice hockey team both call the Civic Center home.
  • Golden Park, a 5,000 seat baseball stadium, is the former home to the Columbus Catfish and the minor-league Columbus Redstixx. It was also the site of the softball events of the 1996 Summer Olympics that were held in the city of Columbus. It opened in 1926, making it the oldest baseball park in the city.
  • RiverCenter for the Performing Arts, a 2,000-seat modern performance theatre, first opened in 2002 and is operated by the Columbus nonprofit organization RiverCenter Inc. The theatre is commonly used for local events, and occasionally used for nationally recognized performances.
  • Springer Opera House, a historic live performance theater located in downtown, opened in early 1871. Former United States President Jimmy Carter proclaimed it the State Theatre of Georgia for the 1971–72 season. The legislature made the designation permanent in 1992.[32]

Historic districts[edit]

Main article: National Register of Historic Places listings in Muscogee County, Georgia

Columbus is home to nine historic districts, all listed in the National Register of Historic Places listings in Muscogee County, Georgia. They are:

A pamphlet describing the city of Columbus, Georgia.
Columbus, Georgia : the electric city / complied and Published Under the Direction of The Convention and Publicity Bureau, Chamber of Commerce, Columbus, Georgia

Sports[edit]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Main article: List of parks in Columbus, Georgia

Whitewater kayaking in the Chattahoochee River

Columbus is home to upwards of 50 parks, four recreation centers, four senior centers and parks, and Standing Boy Creek Wildlife Management Area.

Walking trails[edit]

Whitewater kayaking, rafting, and zip-line[edit]

The Chattahoochee River whitewater opened in 2012. After both the Eagle & Phenix Dam and the City Mills Dams were breached, river flow was restored to natural conditions, allowing the course to be created. The 2.5-mile (4.0 km) course is the longest urban whitewater rafting and kayaking in the world, and has been ranked the world's best manmade whitewater course by USA Today.[35] It also features the Blue Heron Adventure, a zip-line course connecting users from the Georgia side of the river to the Alabama side on an interstate zip-line over the Chattahoochee River. The course continues with several zip-lines and a ropes course on the Alabama side and completes with another zip-line back to Georgia.[36]

It has become a hub for whitewater kayakers, with outstanding standing waves year-round. In mid-winter it is referred to as the "Wintering Grounds" for big wave surfing athletes and enthusiasts.

A historical drawing of Columbus, Georgia's court house
Court House - Old and New

Law and government[edit]

Columbus Consolidated Government Center

Elected officials[edit]

Mayor[edit]

See also: List of mayors of Columbus, Georgia

  • B. H. "Skip" Henderson III

City Council[edit]

The city council of Columbus, known as the Columbus Council, is composed of ten elected council members, eight of which serve individual districts and two of which serve the city at large.[37]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

The Muscogee County School District holds preschool to grade 12, and consists of 35 elementary schools, 12 middle schools, and nine high schools.[39][40] The district has over 2,000 full-time teachers and over 31,899 students.[41]

Libraries[edit]

Columbus is served by four branches of the Chattahoochee Valley Libraries:

  • Columbus Public Library
  • Mildred L. Terry Public Library
  • North Columbus Public Library
  • South Columbus Public Library

Higher education[edit]

Public[edit]

Private, for profit[edit]

Private, nonprofit[edit]

Media and communications[edit]

Main article: Media in Columbus, Georgia

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

The Columbus Airport (IATA: CSG, ICAO: KCSG, FAALID: CSG) is the metro area's primary airport and the fourth-busiest airport in Georgia. It is located just off I-185, exit 8. It is served by Endeavor Air’sDelta Connection service, offering several daily flights to Atlanta.[42]

Highways[edit]

U.S. Routes[edit]

Georgia state routes[edit]

Public transit[edit]

Into the 1960s, passenger trains of the Central of Georgia Railway made stops there, including the north-south Chicago-Florida trains, the Illinois Central Railroad's City of Miami, and Seminole. Other trains included local Central of Georgia trains to Atlanta and Albany.

Sister cities[edit]

Columbus has these official sister cities:[45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  2. ^ abc"QuickFacts: Columbus city, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  3. ^ ab"2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  4. ^"US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^"Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^"Columbus–Auburn–Opelika, GA–AL CSA: Total Population". United States Census Bureau. United States Office of Management and Budget. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  7. ^Manganiello, Christopher J. (2015). Southern Water, Southern Power : How the Politics of Cheap Energy and Water Scarcity Shaped a Region. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. p. 23. ISBN .
  8. ^Stewart C. Edwards, "'To do the manufacturing for the South': Private Industry in Confederate Columbus." Georgia Historical Quarterly 85.4 (2001): 538–554.
  9. ^McQuarrie, Gary; Chatelain, Neil P. "Confederate Shipyards". Civil War Navy. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  10. ^ abKnight, Lucian Lamar (July 12, 2018). "Georgia's Landmarks, Memorials, and Legends ...: Under the code duello. Landmarks and memorials. Historic churchyards and burial-grounds. Myths and legends of the Indians. Tales of the revolutionary camp-fires. Georgia miscellanies. Historic county seats, chief towns, and noted localities". author – via Google Books.
  11. ^"Lizzie Rutherford (1833–1873)". New Georgia Encyclopedia.
  12. ^Logan, Mrs John A. (July 12, 2018). "Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife: An Autobiography". C. Scribner's Sons – via Google Books.
  13. ^Bellware, Daniel and Richard Gardiner, PhD. (2014). The Genesis of the Memorial Day Holiday in America. Columbus State University. pp. 1–181. ISBN .
  14. ^[1]. Retrieved 2011-22-11.
  15. ^"Tourism home run: Columbus steps up to plate, attracts 1.8 million visitors".
  16. ^Base Realignment And ClosureArchived April 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  17. ^"US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  18. ^Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020
  19. ^"NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  20. ^"Station: Columbus Metro AP, GA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  21. ^"About Uptown". www.uptowncolumbusga.com. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
  22. ^"U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  23. ^"Columbus (city), Georgia". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2012.
  24. ^ abc"Georgia – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 12, 2012.
  25. ^ abFrom 15% sample
  26. ^Churches in Columbus Retrieved August 29, 2009
  27. ^[2] Consolidated Government of Columbus, Georgia 2017 Comprehensive Financial Report
  28. ^Historic Westville
  29. ^Description, Coca-Cola Space Science Center website
  30. ^"About the Center".
  31. ^"W.C. Bradley Co. Museum, Art Collection, and the D.A. Turner Memorial Chapel | W.C. Bradley Co".
  32. ^Georgia Secretary of State – State Theatre, sos.state.ga.us; retrieved February 2007 (from Springer Opera House).
  33. ^Trail mapArchived July 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  34. ^The Black Heritage TrailArchived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^"Built to thrill: 12 crazy man-made adventures". USA Today. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  36. ^"Blue Heron Adventure – River Rafting – WhiteWater Express". www.whitewaterexpress.com.
  37. ^"Columbus Council". Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  38. ^"City Council & School Board Districts: Columbus, GA". Columbus Consolidated Government Geographic Information Systems. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  39. ^List of schools in ColumbusArchived January 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved Sept. 2009.
  40. ^Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 24, 2010.
  41. ^"About Us – District Information and Demographics". www.muscogee.k12.ga.us.
  42. ^"Columbus GA Airport -". www.flycolumbusga.com.
  43. ^"Route Information". www.columbusga.org. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  44. ^Columbus Greyhound station
  45. ^"Commission on International Relations & Cultural Liaison Encounters – Columbus, Georgia Consolidated Government". www.columbusga.org.

Further reading[edit]

  • Our Town: An Introduction to the History of Columbus, Georgia by Roger Harris, 1992, Historic Columbus Foundation
  • Columbus, Georgia (Black America Series) by Judith Grant, 1999, Arcadia Publishing
  • Columbus Celebrates The Millennium: An International Quest (The American Enterprise Series) by Pamela Baker and Delane Chappell, 1999, Community Communications Inc.
  • Yankee Blitzkrieg: Wilson's Raid Through Alabama and Georgia by James Pickett Jones, 2000, University Press of Kentucky
  • Columbus, Georgia in Vintage Postcards (GA) (Postcard History Series) by Kenneth H. Thomas, Jr., 2001, Arcadia Publishing
  • Enriching Lives: A History of Columbus State University, by Reagan L. Grimsley, 2008. Donning Publishing.
  • Historic Linwood Cemetery (Images of America: Georgia) by Linda J. Kennedy, 2004, Arcadia Publishing
  • Hell's Broke Loose in Georgia: Survival in a Civil War Regiment by Scott Walker, 2007, University of Georgia Press
  • Lower Chattahoochee River (GA) (Images of America) by The Columbus Museum, 2007, Arcadia Publishing
  • Columbus, Georgia, 1865: The Last True Battle of the Civil War, by Charles A. Misulia, 2010, University of Alabama Press

Bibliography[edit]

See also: Bibliography of the history of Columbus, Georgia

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Columbus.
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbus,_Georgia

Census columbus georgia

Columbus, Georgia Population 2021

Columbus is a city located in Muscogee CountyGeorgia. It is also the county seat of Muscogee County. With a 2020 population of 198,969, it is the 3rdlargest city in Georgia (after Atlanta and Augusta) and the 124th largest city in the United States. Columbus is currently growing at a rate of 0.81% annually and its population has increased by 4.78% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 189,885 in 2010. Columbus reached it's highest population of 203,225 in 2013. Spanning over 221 miles, Columbus has a population density of 919 people per square mile.

The average household income in Columbus is $65,942 with a poverty rate of 20.67%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $906 per month, and the median house value is $141,300. The median age in Columbus is 34 years, 32.4 years for males, and 36.2 years for females.

Columbus Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Columbus was:

  • Black or African American: 46.28%
  • White: 43.34%
  • Two or more races: 4.62%
  • Other race: 2.73%
  • Asian: 2.47%
  • Native American: 0.42%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.14%
Sours: https://worldpopulationreview.com/us-cities/columbus-ga-population
The BLACKEST STATES in AMERICA

Columbus, GA

In 2019, Columbus, GA had a population of 196k people with a median age of 34 and a median household income of $46,408. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Columbus, GA declined from 196,670 to 195,739, a −0.473% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,389 to $46,408, a 2.25% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbus, GA are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (45.6%), White (Non-Hispanic) (40.3%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.28%), White (Hispanic) (3%), and Other (Hispanic) (2.59%). 0% of the households in Columbus, GA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

97.7% of the residents in Columbus, GA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbus, GA are Columbus State University (1,793 degrees awarded in 2019), Columbus Technical College (1,517 degrees), and Platt College-Miller-Motte Technical-Columbus (210 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Columbus, GA was $141,300, and the homeownership rate was 48%. Most people in Columbus, GA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbus, GA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: River Walk, Columbus, GA

Sours: https://datausa.io/profile/geo/columbus-ga

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